Upgrade to remove ads
KNES 381 FINAL
Terms in this set (101)
What do teams do in regards to creating communities ?
They help to build them
describe the relationship between the fans, the community and the teams playing.
the communities are the fan base, fans collectively identify with that team; teams represent us
Why are stadiums important ?
stadiums are so important because it is a home for the team/community, spaces and places help to build communities
Describe power relations when it comes to sports.
Power relations deal with who wins; winning generates a sense of power in fans; us vs. you;
What was significant about the man who was the "voice of los angeles ?"
He was able to connect people regardless of socio-economical background
"an imagined political community - and imagined as both inherently limited and sovereign"
What is a key characteristic of communist sport ?
-having a strong healthy population to serve the state and serve communism
What provides a malleable vehicle for creating or consolidating national identity?
Describe womens roles in communist sport
men and woman were allowed to play, no differences between gender and classes, could all participate in games
What are key characteristics of fascists sport?
-being tough, strong, description of the white race
-fascism was tought to you through sport, who to be , how to act, how to conduct yourself
What is anti-capitalist ?
JUST KNOW** Regarding hitler
hitler is NOT ASSOCIATED WITH COMMUNISM, HE IS WITH FASCISM, DON'T MIX UP THOSE TWO
Describe the "imagined" component of a nation.
the nation is a modern social construction
describe the "community" in a nation
the community is unequal, a "fraternity"
describe what is meant by the nation is "limited.."
the nation is finite
What is "sovereign" in a nation?
the nation dreams of being free
What is national identity?
The identity derived from membership in a nation
what is nationalism?
the political expression of this identity
The nation is disseminated through institutions such as the media, _____, and ______.
school systems, and sport
JUST KNOW** regarding patriotism and nationalism
Nationalism is the expression of that identity ; more aggressive than patriotism
Patriotism is a more mellow of expression of love of country/nation
What is an invented tradition of the 19th and 20th centuries? (2 things)
sport and sporting culture
Why do we invent traditions?
to create community, to shape, and consolidate national identity
What is the symbolic value of medals?
very important, podiums separating who is the best from who is mediocre, we see the emergence of nationally representative teams
how did the cold war start?
The Cold War was the geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle between two world superpowers, the USA and the USSR, that started in 1947 at the end of the Second World War and lasted until the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991.
When was the D-day landing?
JUST KNOW ** regarding the cold war
By 1941, america is in the war too, at this time pearl harbor is occurring in america
Hitler and stalin sign a peace tract saying russia and hitler wont attack eachother in 1941, but hitler attacks stalin anyway
American aide goes to the soviets and to the british, aim to push fascist forces out of africa
-30 milliion soviets killed in WWII
during the cold war, eastern europe becomes communist. Why is that bad for america?
because america needs capitalism to survive
What does George orwell predict in regards to a 3rd world war?
Makes it unlikely a revolution will occur because the threat of a nuclear war is frightening ; only 2/3 countries could really afford to make a nuclear bomb
How was science impacted during the cold war?
Science was transformed because of the need to win the cold war, formation of NASA in response to Russians releasing sputnik in space
the cold war was a war of ____.
what made the cold war interesting ?
it was a war channeled into non-military modes of combat, embracing ideology, culture, and propaganda
What did we call the east-west divide in sport in the cold war?
What is an example of america claiming the moral high ground? their version of propaganda?
the rocky movie
describe the rocky movie and its significance.
The movie was:
Patriotic, nationalistic, science (techniques by rocky and by soviet), good guy vs. bad guy, doping used by soviets/communists, state vs. private boxer (state is bad and private is good as shown in the film)
The movie suggest americans are better than communists
timeline of WW11?
What were broad based fitness programs soon replaced with during the cold war?
focus on elite sports
What is the amateur sports act of 1978?
The Amateur Sports Act of 1978, signed by President Jimmy Carter, established the United States Olympic Committee and provides for national governing bodies for each Olympic sport. The Act provides important legal protection for individual athletes.
When did the communist states in Eastern Europe start to topple?
when did germany reunite?
when did the soviet union collapse?
JUST KNOW** regarding the end of the cold war and communism
The economy just collapsed , the people were rising up and overthrowed the communist regimes, berlin wall knocked down by citizens, communism died in Europe
"outward manifestations" such as "color" or other "physiological signs" is defined as what?
"individuals who consider themselves, or are considered by others, to share common characteristics which differentiate them from other collectives in a society, within which they develop distinct cultural behavior" defines what?
What two things are considered to be both modern social constructions ?
race and ethnicity
what two things are invented and imagined?
race and ethnicity
JUST KNOW** regarding ethnic groups
ethnic group can consists of people of different races
What form of modern sport was invented by the victorians and had a distinct racial component ?
racism is a modern concept that arose from what?
why was sport inherently racist?
because it was born during the british imperialism
sport was mainly played by whites but was given to the rest of the world with the condition that?
whites will always be better
What gives an outlet for different races/ethnic groups to self-identify?
Regarding self-identification, what ties individuals to their ethnic groups?
sports teams (people play or watch a team that is tied to their ethnicity)
What two things were a form of "social glue"?
assimilation and integration
what did ethnic groups do to help them better assimilate to america?
involved themselves in sports, such as baseball to help integrate themselves
Why was babe ruth not accepted when he came to america? how did he overcome his unfair treatment?
was not accepted because he was German but he turned to baseball to help integrate himself into the new culture
how did the immigrants from new zealand assimilate ?
By using their form of dance, the Haka and rugby as well
what did the haka new zealand dance symbolize?
the haka was a dance they do before the game and its symbolized the integration of ethnic groups
Sport often reproduces oppressive national polices (e.g. Nazi Germany under Hitler). give another example and explain the germany example given.
1) poster for the 1945 negro league series
2)Nazi germany being racist. therefore their sports were racist as well
what does segregation and exclusion of certain ethnic groups in sports lead to?
leads to further segregation which attracts racism and ethnophobia
What was the issue regarding whites in south africa and sports?
-Whites categorized all people born in south africa
-whites, asian, african, whatever category you were in, is where you lived
-whites got all the best stuff
-in order to compete in international sport as a "south african" you had to be white
The revolt of the black athlete/ civil rights movement occurred when ?
describe the civil rights movement in relation to sports
African american athletes took a stand against the racism in america through sports
Athletes used sport as a platform to force change
what was the problem with integration of sports? (jacky robinson era)
sports weren't integrated everywhere
there was integration on the field, but not off the field
whites control the teams, the organization, everything
how did sports represent an outlet for self-identification in mexican LA?
teams were created based off of where people were located
Why did Mark Sanchez's mexican painted mouthpiece cause such controversy?
he wanted to start a movement where people felt okay to identify themselves as mexicans however americans felt that he was being anti-american by doing so
Sport and society has changed but many problems still persist. Give an example.
the redskins logo
- native american mascot with a racist team name, even today
Newspapers have been a massive promoter of sports since when?
the 18th century
What transformed the way we view sports?
development of television
what had the most profound impact on sports?
__________ has long been a profit oriented activity
what helped to expand sports' commercial potential?
how did michael jordan revolutionize modern sports?
he was the first globalized athletes, transcending the sport of basketball
has the monetary component of amateur ethic gradually increased or decreased?
What is the problem with doping for youth sports?
We, the american people, do not want our teenagers doping and hurting their health
how has media changed the idea of "moral ambiguity?" i.e. doping
people have been taking substances for as long as we can remember, it's only a big deal now because we have access to all this media which makes it harder for athletes to hide their doping
Why and how did the situation revolving womens sport in america change in the 20th C? (*2 examples)
-federal legislation, title 9
-superstar female athletes leaving a legacy
how does sport intersect with race and ethnicity ?
Sport was able to assimilate different races of people together
-through sport, certain groups were able to segregate one another but also come together
What are the major themes of Radar's article ?
Money and power, amateurism, moral ambiguity
What is the purpose of soviet sport?
To build up bodies and create a healthy race of the soviet citizens
-Secondly, to foster cooperative spirit among workers
Describe sports facilities in the soviet compared to that of America's
less facilities available in russia, and facilities are poor in comparison
what is the most popular sport in the soviet union?
How are american sports viewed from the eyes of the soviets?
That they only focus on winning and creating records rather than the actual exercise of the individual
How do the soviets view the olympic games and why?
-They do not value the Olympics because they only believe that members of the working class should be competing with one another
-Therefore they do not send Russian citizens to play in the Olympic games
According to orwell, what does president truman say about the atomic bomb?
-that the bomb is fantastically expensive and that its manufacture demands an enormous industrial effort
What does orwell explain is a trend in history when dominant weapons are difficult to make?
-fewer power of foci, therefore there are less and less states capable of waging war
How many countries does orwell expect will make the atomic bomb?
Why did Babe (female athlete) play so many different sports?
There was a lack of opportunities for women therefore moved from sport to sport as opportunities presented themselves to her
What were the conflicting ideals that female athletes lived with during the 1930's, 1940's, and 1950's ?
-the ideal female athlete was fit but not too muscular, not overly competitive, heterosexual, and participated in "beautiful" sports
What sports organization did babe (female athlete) help to establish?
Ladies Professional Golf Association
Why is babe's life (female athlete) such an important subject to study?
- it allows a historian to see the opportunities or lack there of as well as extreme limitations encountered by women athletes and a typical women in general during this era
According to Alvarez, how has baseball been historically linked to the "social fabric of Mexican LA?
baseball has been prominent since the 1920's so it has been a tradition
-baseball brought folks together, especially in difficult times
According to Alvarez, how has football been historically tied to racial politics and identity in LA?
-schools had rivalries, partly because of ethnic differences that were at each school, and schools would have football games to see who was the best
-schools that were more mexican vs. schools that had a combination of different races
-the games brought people of the same ethnicity together
According to Alvarez, how has the national Mexican soccer team created controversial identity issues in LA?
-Because there were so many Mexicans in the los Angeles area at this time, they weren't fully accepted as being "American" although they had been there for many years
-Mexicans would even get harassed for waving an American flag or showing American pride so it was controversial whether or not they should be doing that
-Americans felt Mexicans were imposing their politics, language, culture, and religion on the state and not embracing American culture
Why is the story of Mark Sanchez's mexican mouthpiece tied to the role of sport and racial issues ?
--the role of sport is many, but one key element is to bring people together; Sanchez story describes sports based community building where athletes, spectators, etc.. created new racial imaginaries and new forms of belonging and citizenship
Why is it important for fans to relate to the players they are rooting for?
because it makes them feel connected and gives the fans a sense of community with each other
How has media coverage of sports dramatically changed since the 1990's?
-they are now channels solely for televising just sport through cable and satellite networks
- ex// ESPN, fox sports chain
How has the internet contributed to the expansion of sports?
-the creation of the world wide web allowed the average fan to see result, expresss opinions, and play fantasy sports
-baseball created mlb.com for fans to stay updated
-blogging through facebook and twitter also had an important impact on sports fans since fans were able to post their opinions and ideas up on social media
Radar argues that money has become an even bigger factor in sports since the 1990s. How so?
-television brought a lof of money into sports and its teams
-leasing of stadiums brought in millions of dollars
-sponsorship of teams brought in money as well
Radar explores the changing commercial power of professional athletes since the 1990s. How so?
-there was an agreement to have free agency and salary caps for team and players
-ex// the pro-football settlement in 1993 which allowed the new millions of dollars that were pouring in to help management and labor come together
Radar states that, for the most part, college sports no longer have any relation to academics or academic performance . explain why.
-colleges were spending 3 times more on sports programs than they were on academic programs
-Texas doubled its expenditures per athlete from 113,000 to 210,000 per year
Radar suggests that the "urge to win" has also deepened since the 1990s (pp. 329-333). What are some of the negative byproducts of this "win at all costs" mentality?
-the use of performance enhancing drugs
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
KNES 381- Exam 1
History of Sport, Games & Culture - Chapters 1 & 2…
K 381 Flashcards History of Sports
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Cultural Anthropology Chapter 7
Immigration in America
Anthropology of Race and Ethnicity 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Bio 191B Lab Quiz #1
KNES 453 Final
KNES 191A final
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
4. Articulators; Premolars: Maxillary and Mandibul…
Resp. exam 1
Chapter 9: General Survey
Licencia de Conducir