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2018 S2 Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (46)
advocacy of political independence for a particular country; an extreme form of this, especially marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries. Synonym = patriotism
type of government where one person has control and that person is linked to previous and future rulers by heredity.
Middle Eastern city between the Dead Sea and the Mediterranean Sea; also one of the holiest cities for the 3 largest religions in the world: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)
established in 1964 with the purpose of liberating Palestine from the control of Israel. Has been involved with violent exchanges with Israel since its founding.
Follower of Islam that believes the successor to Muhammad should have been elected; also are 85% of the world's Muslim population.
Follower of Islam that believes the successor to Muhammad should have been a family member; also are 15% of the world's Muslim population.
Has the largest oil reserves of any Middle Eastern country and 2nd most in the entire world.
Fossil fuel; made up of hydrocarbons; yellow to black in color; extracted mostly by drilling; has led to many conflicts around the world.
PDA (Public Display of Affection)
between men and women are culturally inappropriate for many Muslims and Middle Eastern people.
Hijab, Niqab, Chador, and Burka
are traditional coverings used to show modesty in varying ways in Middle Eastern and Muslim majority areas. Some people refer to them collectively as veils.
Osama bin Laden
believed that government and religion should be integrated. Complained of US presences in Middle East since 1990s and American support for Israel.
freed all Brazilians from Portuguese rule with his declaration of freedom from the colonial power.
United States was able to gain the current territories of Texas, New Mexico, Arizon, Utah, Nevada, and California as a result of this conflict.
Spanish conquistador who was responsible for defeating the Aztec empire.
Cold War Era of the US government that aimed to stop the spread of communism in places like: Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
commercial, economic, and financial stoppage imposed by the US against Cuba in retaliation of their communist revolution. The embargo has remained in place due to human rights violations by the Castro regimes in Cuba. Some medical supplies were exempt from this arrangement.
explosion of this ship led directly to the US entry into a war with the Spanish in 1898. This conflict led to the US having territories in Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines, and Cuba.
Largest Christian church. Most dominant religion in all of Latin America. Helped transmit European beliefs to Latin America.
Widespread transfer of food, plants, animals, technology, and peoples between the Americas and Europe/Africa.
infectious disease spread by two viruses that killed millions of people in Latin America.
major industry that brought many colonists into Latin America.
major industry that European colonists supervised while in Latin America.
is geographically situated on Central (or Middle) America and South America.
is a major problem facing the rain forests through out Central and South America. Many natives have used slash-and-burn techniques to open up grazing land for cattle and for crop farming.
has been caused by disease, warfare, and forced labor throughout the history of Latin America.
Armed revolt by Fidel Castro against the government of Fulgencio Batista from 1953-1959. Main goal of the revolution was to improve the standard of living for poor Cubans. Led to Fidel Castro regime from 1961-2011, Raul Castro regime from 2011-present, and the embargo between the US and Cuba from 1960-present.
Most prominent religion in India with 80% of the population following this faith. One of the more well-known beliefs is Karma (action, intent, consequences).
the term used to describe the break up of British India into two countries: India and Pakistan.
Poverty, pollution, and overpopulation
Communist Chinese revolutionary that was active from 1911-1976 in the politics of China. Nickname was Chairman Mao. Defeated Chiang Kai-shek in Chinese Civil War from 1927-1950. Lost U.S. support because he was a communist.
Leader of the Chinese Nationalists during the Chinese Civil War from 1927-1950. Enjoyed U.S. support because he was an anti-communist.
Fought by the United Nations, US, and South Korea on one side and North Korea & China on the other from 1950-1953.
divided North and South Korea from 1945-1950 which served to cut Korea roughly in half. Soviet occupation to the North and American occupation to the South.
Currently led by the harsh dictator Kim Jong-un who has worked to develop their nuclear weapons program.
ARVN (Army of the Republic of Vietnam)
South Vietnamese military forces that were anti-communist and friendly with forces from the United States and our allies.
South Vietnamese military forces that were communist, had extensive experience with guerrilla warfare, and could blend in with the native population; were allies with North Vietnam and enemies of US military personnel.
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of Vietnam who worked for Vietnamese independence from the French, Japanese and the Americans. Died in 1969 before the end of the Vietnam conflict.
Bataan Death March
Led to the starvation/death of 600 American and 10,000 Filipino prisoners at the hands of the Japanese.
Ended WW2 quickly and saved American lives. Has haunted the US government, as they are the only country to ever use nuclear weapons against an enemy.
political and nationalist movement of the Jewish people and the Jewish culture that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine
1947 UN Mandate
split the area known as Palestine into two new states: Israel for Jewish people and Palestine for Arab Christians and Muslims.
Ruled the Middle East from the 1300s until 1918. Suleiman the Magnificent was the most famous and arguably the most powerful leader.
the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims. Some governments choose to use this as they are too small to attack a more powerful country without massive retaliation.
While terrorists are often killed or captured, many civilians have also been harmed in these attacks. As a result it is the opinion of most that the counter-terrorism country loses the moral high ground if civilians die.
city in NW Syria with 1.8 million residence; has been ruthlessly attacked by Bashar al-Assad and his Russian allies for harboring Syrian rebels that disagree with his politics.
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