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1. Three movements of alternating tempi (fast-slow-fast)
2. 1st and 3rd movements - tonic key+ritornello structure
3. 2nd movement is short, show, through-composed and in a related key
Small group of soloists (concertino) opposes large group (orchestra) - Baroque Period
1. Four movements with alternating tempi
2. Imitation between the instrument sections
3. last movements are binary and dance-like
Classical Piano Concerto
1st movement - ritornello form which developed into the Sonata Concerto Form
2nd movement - through-composed or rounded binary, or ternary form
3rd movement - dance-like rondo forms
Wrote piano concerti during the Classical Period that extended the virtuosity of the pianist
Initiated a formal type for the first movement: the opening ritornello and first solo section merge into one unrepeated exposition; presentation of themes is introduced by the orchestra and soloist
Uses the same 19th century concept of the concerto, but with the new modes and conventions
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