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40 terms

Development of the Concerto

STUDY
PLAY
1600-1650
Gabrieli and Monteverdi using instruments in their works
Gabrieli
"Sonata pian e forte"
Monteverdi
"L'Orfeo"
1660
Three types of concertos developed to show off instrumental music
Baroque
Concerto Grosso
Baroque
Ripieno Concerto
Baroque
Solo Concerto
Baroque Concerti
General Characteristics
1. Three movements of alternating tempi (fast-slow-fast)
2. 1st and 3rd movements - tonic key+ritornello structure
3. 2nd movement is short, show, through-composed and in a related key
Vivaldi
Most prolific composer of concerti in the Baroque period
Concerto Grosso
Small group of soloists (concertino) opposes large group (orchestra) - Baroque Period
Concertino (Baroque)
Two melodic instruments + Continuo
Orchestra (Baroque)
String Orchestra + Continuo
Trio Sonata
Genre that contributed to the development of the Concerto Grosso
Corelli
One of the earliest composers of the concerto grosso. Influenced Vivaldi and Bach
Ripieno Concerto
Compositions for the large orchestra + Continuo (ripieno)
Ripieno Concerto
Characteristics
1. Four movements with alternating tempi
2. Imitation between the instrument sections
3. last movements are binary and dance-like
Solo Concerto
Compositions written for solo instrument (usually violin) + orchestra
Torelli
The first composer of the solo concerto
Classical
Solo Concerto the only surviving concerto from the Baroque period
1770
Piano Concerto was developed
J.C. Bach
Early composer of the piano concerto (Classical)
C.P.E. Bach
Later composer of the piano concerto (Classical)
Classical Piano Concerto
Three movements:
1st movement - ritornello form which developed into the Sonata Concerto Form
2nd movement - through-composed or rounded binary, or ternary form
3rd movement - dance-like rondo forms
Mozart
Wrote the most well-renowned piano concertos of the Classical Period.
Mozart
The first to have large orchestral accompaniment to solo concerto
Beethoven
Wrote piano concerti during the Classical Period that extended the virtuosity of the pianist
Romantic Period
Concertos were quite conservative (post-Beethoven)
Mendelssohn
Initiated a formal type for the first movement: the opening ritornello and first solo section merge into one unrepeated exposition; presentation of themes is introduced by the orchestra and soloist
Mendelssohn
Connects all three movements of the violin concerto (Romantic period)
Brahms
Puts a scherzo after the first movement (Romantic Period)
Liszt
Uses five movements and connects them thematically (Romantic Period)
Romantic Period
Extraordinary virtuosity present during this period
20th Century
Uses the same 19th century concept of the concerto, but with the new modes and conventions
Shoenberg
Concerto composer of the 20th century
Sibelius
Concerto composer of the 20th century
Neilson
Concerto composer of the 20th century
Prokofiev
Concerto composer of the 20th century
Elgar
Concerto composer of the 20th century
Bartok
Concerto composer of the 20th century
20th Century
Ripieno Concerto makes a return