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5th grade Characteristics of Living Things

Chapter 1: classifying living things chapter 2: Plant Structure and Functions Chapter 3 Plant diversity Chapter 4: Animal diversity
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Organism
a living thing
Cell
the smallest unit of an organism that is capable of life
Chlorophyll
a green chemical in plants that allows thme to use the sun's energy to make their own food
Tissue
Similiar cells that have the same job or function come together to make this.
Organ
Tissues of different kinds come together to make this.
Organ System
group of organs that work together to perform a specific function
classification
the science of finding patterns among living things
vascular
plants composed of or containing vessels. Conifers, flowering plants are examples. There are also seeded and seedless vascular plants
nonvascular
plants without this tube like tissue. Hornworts, mosses and ferns are examples
vertebrates
Members of the animal kingdon that have a backbone
invertebrates
Members of the animal kingdom that do not have a backbone
fungus
members of a kingdom that contains one celled and many celled living things that absorb food from their environment. Yeasts, molds, and mushrooms are examples.
protist
A member of a kingdom that contains on-celled and many celled living things, some that make food and some that hunt for food.
nucleus
a dense structure in a cell
membrane
a thin envelope surrounding the nucleus of a cell
bacteria
a member of either if the two kingdoms of one-celled living things that hamve no nucleus, or center, in their cell body
5 Kingdoms
Plant kingdom, Fungus kingdom, Protist Kingdom, Bacteria Kingdom, Animal Kingdom
Chlorophyll
The green chemical found in many plants
Chloroplast
A leaf will make food in its cells if it contains this
Mitochondrion
helps supply energy from a cell
animals cannot make their own food, animals can move from one place to another
2 things that make plants different from animals
vascular and non vascular
2 divisions of the plant kingdom
vertebrate and invertebrate
2 divisions of the animal kingdom
Clean the environment, use in antibiotics, yeast used for breads
Some functions of fungi
lettuce and celery are vascular plants, liverworts and mosses are non vascular plants
give examples of vascular and non vascular plants
Similiar cells join together to make tissues, tissues that perform the same function come together to make an organ such as the heart, Organs work together to make an organ syster
How cells come together to from organ systems
Plant cells have chloropyll and a cell wall and animal cells do not
the difference between plant and animal cells