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Smart Words 6
Terms in this set (25)
greed for money or possessions.
characterized by attack on cherished beliefs or institutions: a fresh, even an iconoclastic, influence could work wonders.
having a composed and self-assured manner.
• having a graceful and elegant bearing.
poise 1 |poiz|
1 graceful and elegant bearing in a person: poise and good deportment can be cultivated.
• composure and dignity of manner: at least he had a moment to think, to recover his poise.
noun (pl. compendiums or compendia |-dēə| )
a collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject, especially in a book or other publication.
• a collection of things, especially one systematically gathered: the program is a compendium of outtakes from our archives.
having a ready insight into and understanding of things: it offers quite a few facts to the perspicacious reporter.
(of an account or representation) clearly expressed and easily understood; lucid: it provides simpler and more perspicuous explanations than its rivals.
• (of a person) able to give an account or express an idea clearly.
noun (pl. perpetuities)
1 a thing that lasts forever or for an indefinite period, in particular:
• a bond or other security with no fixed maturity date.
• Law a restriction making an estate inalienable perpetually or for a period beyond certain limits fixed by law.
• Law an estate so restricted.
2 the state or quality of lasting forever: he did not believe in the perpetuity of military rule.
savagely fierce, cruel, or violent: the wolverine is nature's most ferocious and violent animal.
• (of a conflict) characterized by or involving aggression, bitterness, and determination: a ferocious argument.
• extreme and unpleasant: a ferocious headache.
having an obstinately uncooperative attitude toward authority or discipline: a class of recalcitrant fifteen-year-olds.
a person with an obstinately uncooperative attitude.
verb (mollifies, mollifying, mollified) [ with obj. ]
appease the anger or anxiety of (someone): nature reserves were set up around the power stations to mollify local conservationists.
• rare reduce the severity of (something); soften.
1 expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner: an effusive welcome.
2 Geology (of igneous rock) poured out when molten and later solidified.
• of or relating to the eruption of large volumes of molten rock.
very enthusiastically or passionately: both men ardently supported the war.
verb [ no obj. ] (usu. be acclimated) chiefly N. Amer.
become accustomed to a new climate or to new conditions: it will take a few days to get acclimated to the altitude.
a piece of music sung or played in the open air, typically by a man at night under the window of his lover.
• another term for serenata.
verb [ with obj. ]
entertain (someone) with a serenade: a strolling guitarist serenades the diners.
expressing contempt or disapproval: "permissiveness" is used almost universally as a pejorative term.
a word expressing contempt or disapproval.
pejoratively |ˈpejəˌrādivlēpəˈjôrədivlē| adverb
(of a person) tending to spend much time seated; somewhat inactive.
• (of work or a way of life) characterized by much sitting and little physical exercise.
• (of a position) sitting; seated.
• Zoology & Anthropology inhabiting the same locality throughout life; not migratory or nomadic.
1 existing or occurring at the same time: glaciations were approximately synchronous in both hemispheres.
2 (of a satellite or its orbit) making or denoting an orbit around the earth or another celestial body in which one revolution is completed in the period taken for the body to rotate about its axis.
giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen; threatening; inauspicious: there were ominous dark clouds gathering overhead.
ominousness |ˈämənəsnəs| noun
the quality or state of being all the same or all of the same kind: the cultural homogeneity of our society.
|ˌhīfəˈlo͞otn| (also hifalutin, highfaluting |-ˈlo͞otiNG| )
(especially of speech, writing, or ideas) pompous or pretentious: you don't want any highfalutin jargon.
adjective (austerer, austerest)
severe or strict in manner, attitude, or appearance: an austere man, with a rigidly puritanical outlook | an austere expression.
• (of living conditions or a way of life) having no comforts or luxuries; harsh or ascetic: conditions in the prison could hardly be more austere.
• having an extremely plain and simple style or appearance; unadorned: the cathedral is impressive in its austere simplicity.
• (of an economic policy or measure) designed to reduce a budget deficit, especially by cutting public expenditure.
austerely |ôˈstirlē| adverb
(of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection: he gave a perfunctory nod.
perfunctorily |pərˈfəNG(k)t(ə)rəlē| adverb.
perfunctoriness |pərˈfəNG(k)t(ə)rēnəs| noun
1 [ with two objs. ] envy (someone) the possession or enjoyment of (something): she begrudged Martin his affluence.
2 [ with obj. ] give reluctantly or resentfully: nobody begrudges a single penny spent on health.
ready to accept control or instruction; submissive: a cheap and docile workforce.
docilely |ˈdäsəllē| adverb.
docility |däˈsilədē| noun
showing or giving emphasis; expressing something forcibly and clearly: the children were emphatic that they would like to repeat the experience | an emphatic movement of his hand.
• (of an action or event or its result) definite and clear: he walked stiffly, with an emphatic limp.
• (of word or syllable) bearing the stress.
• Linguistics denoting certain Arabic consonants that are pronounced with both dental articulation and constriction of the pharynx.
an emphatic consonant.
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