30 terms

WHAP U3: Americas

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missippian
first largest scale civilization north america (valley of Mississippi --> east)
great sun
Mississippi chief
toltec
north mesoamerica
aztec
aka mexicas
tribute system
ensure aztec dominance
great speaker
aztec political ruler and divine representative (emperor)
inca
present day Ecuador to chile
pachacuti
transformer/ shaker of earth// created inca empire
yupanqui
pachacuti's son expanded inca
huayna capac
yupanqui successor- consolidate conquered lands
cahokia
largest Mississippian town (Illinois)
tula
toltec capital
tenochtitlan
aztec capital (mexico city)
lake texcoco
aztec lake, food production
chinampas
floating garden
cuzco
capital of inca (peru)
carpa nan
massive inca roadway
matrilineal society
social standing determined by woman's side of family
mita system
mandatory public service (inca) conquered people
quetzalcoatl
toltec religion continuation of this mayan cult
chichen itza
architectural similarities between tula and this mayan city
great pyramid
center of tenochtitlan, 150 ft
human sacrifice
repayment and atonement for human sin (aztec)
quechua
inca language-spoken
royal ancestor worship
dead rulers --> mummies/continue to rule
inti
sun god inca
huaca
elements of world with supernatural powers (animism)(inca)
quipu
knotted string record number system inca
waru waru
capture and redirect rain for floods and store for dry period inca
pochteca
special merchant class/ trade in luxury goods