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RT25: Review FINAL
Terms in this set (33)
Best describe partial dislocation
Only one jt needs to be included for follow up studies of long bone fx
Types of pathology for cervical spine
UGI tract w/the pt in trendelenberg position, what pathology could be seen?
How long should pt be in upright or decubitus position for an abdomen exam looking for fluid levels
10 minutes (the exam will have a 5 minute option but choose 10)
Position that best enhances peristaltic motion of barium through stomach
PICC line is a
Peripherally inserted central catheter
What order should exams be performed? :: ACBE, UGI, IVP
Double contrast exams of stomach or bowel are performed to better visualize
Gastric or bowel mucosa
Ingestion of barium sulfate contraindicated when...
ALL CORRECT; perforation, allergies, double check in review
Indwelling drainage catheter?
GI radiography: Positioning of the stomach depends on what 3 things?
- Pt body habits
- Respiratory phase
- General body position
Surgery to realign a fx
In mobile radiography, the CR should be placed how for a CXR
perpendicular to the long axis of the sternum and 5 degrees caudal at T7
Most important rule in trauma
Do no additional harm
a fx when one cortex of the bone's diaphysis breaks and the other side remains intact
Centering for the UGI
How should CR be aligned in trauma for PA or AP elbow
Perpendicular to the interepicondylar plane
What is the basic pediatric hip exam routine
AP & AP bilateral frog leg
A severe injury or damage to the body caused by an accident or violence.
Level I Trauma center
Provides the most comprehensive medical and emergency care.
Level IV Trauma Center
provide care for basic injuries and can assess and stabilize patients for transfer to a higher level trauma center.
Shock symptom that can readily be observed by a radiographer
cool, clammy skin
Within how many feet from the x-ray tube should appropriate shielding be provided to patients on nearby stretchers when performing mobile radiography.
Concerning providing information to key personnel, what procedure should a radiographic perform if it is necessary todeviate from routine projections?
The radiographer should document any alteration or deviation from the routine projections for the referring physician or radiologist to ensure a proper diagnosis.
If available, what should be the first projection performed for a trauma patient with a cervical injury?
CT scan of the head with and without contrast.
when is it necessary to perform the lateral projection for the cervicothiracic region?
when the entire cervical spine and the interspace between C7 and T1 is not well demonstrated with the lateral projection.
what condition must be met before attempting to move the patient's arm for the lateral projection of the cervicothoracic region, dorsal ducibitus projection.
permission is granted from the attending physician after review of the lateral projection.
When performing the lateral projection for the cervicothoracic region, dorsal decubitus position, on a patient who cannot move the shoulder closer to the x-ray tube, the central ray may he angled
When performing the lateral projection of the cervicothoracic region, dorsal ducubitus position, what is the purpose for using a long exposure time with the patient breathing normally?
To blur rib shadows.
When performing the anteroposterior (AP) axial projection on a patient who is not on a backboard or x-ray table, who should lift the patient's head and neck so that a radiographer can position the IR under the patient?
The attending physician.
When performing the AP axial oblique projection for cervical vertebrae, why should you not use a grid IR?
To avoid avoid the cut off because of the angles.
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