English Exam nouns, pronouns, verbs, subject, predicate

this has noun and verb types -TATUM
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Terms in this set (...)

abstract noun
a noun that you can not hear, see, feel, smell, or taste. It is a feeling
concrete noun
a noun that you can hear, see, feel, smell, and taste. It registers on your 5 senses
common noun
a noun that is not specific and it does not have a capital letter
proper noun
a noun that is specific and it always has a capital letter
singular noun
A singular noun names one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
A plural noun is a word that indicates that there is more than one person, animal place, thing, or idea.
possessive rules
The general rule is that the possessive of a singular noun is formed by adding an apostrophe and s, whether the singular noun ends in s or not
linking verb
A linking verb is a verb that joins the subject of a sentence to the complement. It is sometimes called a copula or a copular verb. Linking verbs do just that, "link" the action verb to what the action is.
action verb
An action verb is a verb that expresses physical or mental action.
helping verb
Helping verbs are verbs that, as their name suggests, help the main verb in a sentence by extending the meaning of the verb.
action verb phrase
It can be a noun or a pronoun. The predicate is the action, or what the subject is doing.
linking verb phrase
The predicate is the action, or what the subject is doing. It can also tell the subject's state of being. It contains a verb, verb phrase, or linking verb
verb phrase
A verb phrase consists of an auxiliary, or helping, verb and a main verb. The helping verb always precedes the main verb.
subject
The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something. You can find the subject of a sentence if you can find the verb
predicate
the part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject
DO
a noun phrase indicating a person or thing that is the recipient of the action of a transitive verb
IO
a noun phrase referring to someone or something that is affected by the action of a transitive verb
transitive verb
A transitive verb is a verb that requires one or more objects
PN
a word in the nominative case that completes a copulative verb, such as son in the sentence
PA
is an adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies
appositive
is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it.
object if the prep
a noun can function as an object of the preposition. The noun that comes after the preposition is called the object of the preposition.
prepositions
a preposition is a word that comes before one noun to show its relationship to another word in the phrase or clause.
prepositional phrase
a prepositional phrase will begin with a preposition and end with a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause, the "object" of the preposition.
object
a material thing that can be seen and touched.
possessive pronouns
Possessive pronouns include my, mine, our, ours, its, his, her, hers, their, theirs, your and yours - all words that demonstrate ownership
independent clause
a sentence with a subject and predicate
simple sentence
a sentence consisting of only one clause, with a single subject and predicate.
simple sentence with compound subject
When a sentence has two or more subjects, that's called a "compound subject." The individual subjects in a compound subject are joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, or, neither, nor). When the subjects are joined by "and," the verb agrees with the pronoun
compound sentence
A compound sentence has at least two independent clauses that have related ideas. The independent clauses can be joined by a coordinating conjunction and comma (there are seven-for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) or a semicolon.
fanboys
(for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
Noun
Person, place, thing or idea