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Unit 2 Utah History
Terms in this set (45)
What types of things qualify as artifacts?
Artifacts are things that were left behind by the people you're studying. (ex-> pots, bowls, tools, etc.)
What is the difference between Prehistoric and Historic?
- Prehistoric: They lived before written history.
- Historic: They lived during written history.
What were the names of the Prehistoric Indian tribes?
Anasazi, Fremont, Archaic
What were the names of the Historic Indian tribes?
Ute, Paiute, Goshute, Navajo, Shoshone
What is a primary source?
Something that comes directly from the people or time we're studying. Ex-> Journal, letters, pictures, artifacts, weapons used, etc.
What is a secondary source?
Something that doesn't come directly from the people or time you're studying. Ex-> Textbook, teacher lecture, replica of weapon used.
What type of house did the Utes live in?
What type of house did the Paiutes live in?
What type of house did the Goshutes live in?
What type of house did the Navajo live in?
Hogans (mud huts)
What type of house did the Shoshone live in?
What type of house did the Anasazi live in?
What type of house did the Fremont live in?
Which Indian tribe lived in the SOUTHWEST corner of Utah?
Which Indian tribe lived in the SOUTH EAST lower corner of Utah?
Which Indian tribe lived in the COLDEST climate?
Shoshone (up north!)
What kinds of foods did the Utes and Shoshone eat? (Remember, they lived in colder climates)
Deer, buffalo, elk, moose
What are the Paiutes known for eating?
What did the Goshutes eat?
Roots, tubers, crickets
What did the Navajo eat?
Corn, squash, beans, etc.
What did the Shoshone and Utes were for clothes? (remember, colder temperatures)
Skins of hunted animals
What did the Paiutes and Goshutes where for clothing?
What did the Navajo wear for clothing when it got cold?
What was the largest and most powerful tribe in Utah?
What made the largest and most powerful tribe so... powerful?
They had horses, so they could move around and attack people
What were the religions of Utah's Indian tribes like? (Give a general description)
They were very connected to the environment and respected it. Sometimes their religions had elements that related to the environment.
Who were the first white men to see Utah?
Dominguez and Escalante
How did the Spanish Explorers influence Utah's Indian tribes?
Dominguez and Escalante gave horses and other modern tools to the Utes but not other tribes.
Why were Dominguez and Escalante sent from Spain?
They were supposed to find a route from Santa Fe, NM to Monterey, CA
Why did Mountain Men come to Utah?
To make money trapping beaver fur
Why did Mountain Men go to rendezvous? (pronounced RON-DAY-VOO)
To sell their furs, buy supplies, and have fun
Who was credited with discovering the Great Salt Lake?
Who was the first man to cover the length and width of Utah?
Which mountain man was a former slave?
Who decided that the railroad should go through Northern Utah?
John W. Gunnison
Which mountain man built forts and carved his name into a rock?
Who discovered that no rivers flow from the lakes in Utah to the Pacific Ocean?
Who established a trail to California that was named after him?
Who wrote a book full of mistakes that inspired Mormons to move to Utah territory? What were the mistakes in that book?
John C. Fremont
He said the Great Salt Lake and Utah Lake were same body of water, and that Utah was a garden spot, fertile (green) and well watered... which it wasn't!
Which two mountain men have a city AND river in Utah named after them?
Peter Skene Ogden, and Etienne Provost
For which two reasons did beaver trapping come to an end?
All the beavers started to die and beaver hats weren't fashionable
What were the biggest ways mountain men contributed to the United States?
They paved the way for other people to use their trails and maps to move west
What good and bad things did Mountain Men bring to Native Americans in Utah?
a. Good: new tools, new business
b. Bad: hunted beavers, brought other people to Utah, brought some disease
Which animal did trappers make the most money from catching in the fur-trapping industry?
Why did mountain men use Native Americans to help them?
For directions and suggestions for where to hunt.