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IBUSH Chapter 30
Terms in this set (42)
Outspoken conservative movement of the 1980s that emphaszed such "social issues" as opposition to abortion, the Equal Rights Amendment, pornography, homosexuality, and affirmative action
An American senator for Arizona who ran against Johnson for president. His extreme conservatism scared many into voting for Johnson.
1970s; a new right activist that protested the women's rights acts and movements as defying tradition and natural gender division of labor; demonstrated conservative backlash against the 60s
He was a famous American economist. He strongly promoted the idea of free trade and condemned government regulation and socialism.
United States political faction that advocates social and political conservativism, school prayer, and federal aid for religious groups and schools
Jerry Falwell, a reverand from Virginia, began an organization known as the Moral Majority in 1979. It was meant to express the political power of Evangelical Christians, for Falwell saw the opportunity with the growth of evangelicals in denominations like the Southern Babtist Convention. The evangelicals condemned behaviours, like drug usage, homosexuality, and abortion. This group revived Christianity in the Republican party and in politics.
political organization of the United States which had an agenda of evangelical Christian-oriented political lobbying. Formed by Jerry Falwell. Organization made up of conservative Christian political action committees which campaigned on issues its personnel believed were important to maintaining its Christian conception of moral law. This group pressured for legislation that would ban abortion and ban the states' acceptance of homosexuality.
The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
Reaganomics policy based on the theory that allowing companies the opportunity to make profits, and encouraging investment, will stimulate the economy and lead to higher standards of living for everyone. Argued that tax cuts can be used stimulate economic growth. Move money into the hands of the people and they will invest, thus creating prosperity.
(Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981)
Congress passed the largest tax reduction in the US history. Rates of individuals with the lowest incomes fell from 14 percent to 11 percent, while those of individuals with the high incomes dropped from 70 to 50 percent. The law gave corporations tax breaks and cut taxes on capital gains, gifts, and inheritances.
the lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities for which government rules had been established and that bureaucracies had been created to administer.
Sandra Day O'Connor
was a justice in the Supreme Court. Appointed by President Reagan, was a brilliant, public-spirited Arizona judge. When she was sworn in on September 25, 1981, she became the first woman to ascend to the high bench in the Court's nearly two-hundred year history.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the body's T-cells, which are necessary to help the immune system fight off infection and disease. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) occurs after the HIV virus has destroyed the body's immune system. HIV is transferred when body fluids, such as blood or semen, which carry the virus, enter the body of an uninfected person. The virus appeared in America in the early 1980s. The Reagan administration was slow to respond to the "AIDS Epidemic," because effects of the virus were not fully understood and they deemed the spread of the disease as the result of immoral behavior.
Reagan's nickname for the Soviet Union, illustrated an end to detente, Ronald Reagan's description of Soviet Union because of his fierce anti-communist views and the USSR's history of violation of human rights and aggression., Reagan's view of the Communist world (Especially the USSR). (Also refers to the Galactic Empire of Star Wars), Negotiate w Soviets only from a position of overwhelming strength by creating a new and expensive arms race The American economy bore this new financial burden better than the Soviets
SDI or "Star Wars"
This idea was proposed by President Ronald Reagan in 1983 as a space-based defensive umbrella against incoming intercontinental ballistic missiles. Scientists developed the program throughout the 1980s, to provide the United States with a protective shield from nuclear attack as part of the largest peacetime military buildup in U.S. history. The initiative focused on strategic defense rather than the prior strategic offense doctrine of mutual assured destruction (MAD). The ambitious initiative was widely criticized as being unrealistic.
- The idea that the American experience was different or unique from others, and therefore America had a unique or special role in the world
- Idea that America is the "City upon a Hill", leads to manifest destiny, and that God favors americans
'short sweet and to the point" a promise to restore American pride and confidence. Anti-communist morality; believes detente is a tool the Soviets are using to manipulate the U.S. was a strategy orchestrated and implemented by the United States under the Reagan Administration to oppose the global influence of the Soviet Union during the final years of the Cold War. While the doctrine lasted less than a decade, it was the centerpiece of United States foreign policy from the early 1980s until the end of the Cold War in 1991. Under the Reagan Doctrine, the U.S. provided overt and covert aid to anti-communist guerrillas and resistance movements in an effort to "rollback" Soviet-backed communist governments in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The doctrine was designed to serve the dual purposes of diminishing Soviet influence in these regions, while also potentially opening the door for capitalism (and sometimes liberal democracy) in nations that were largely being governed by Soviet-supported socialist governments.
Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990, Anti-American revolutionaries in Nicaragua, Marxist group who led the revolution against the dictator of Nicaragua and then ruled the country from 1979 to 1990, Nicaraguan socialists who successfully carried out a revolution in Nicaragua in the 1980s and were removed from power after they lost the presidential election in 1990 under threat of a U.S. embargo.
A Nicaraguan rebel group that got financial support from the CIA. This group was formed as a response to the overthrowing of Anastazio Somoza Debayle, rebels seeking to overthrow Nicaragua's Sandinista government in the 1980s; financed by the United States, Anti-Communist guerillas in Nicaragua., Anti-Sandinista fighters in the Nicaraguan civil war. The Contras were secretly supplied with American military aid, paid for with money the United States clandestinely made selling arms to Iran. (1037), Anti-Sandinista fighters in the Nicaraguan civil war. The Contras were secretly supplied with American military aid, paid for with money the United States clandestinely made selling arms to Iran.
democrats opposed to the administrations policies in nicaragua passed this to prohibit further aid to the contras
Although Congress had prohibited aid to the Nicaraguan contras, individuals in Reagan's administration continued to illegally support the rebels. These officials secretly sold weapons to Iran in exchange for the release of American hostages being held in the Middle East. Profits from these sales were then sent to the contras., In order to get out hostages, Reagan sold arms to Iran through Israel and the money was going to the Contra rebels in Guatamala, major scandal of the second Reagan term that involved shipping arms to Iran and diverting the money from the sale of these weapons to the Contra rebels in Nicaragua, major scandal of the second Reagan term that involved shipping arms to Iran and diverting the money from the sale of these weapons to the Contra rebels in Nicaragua, Secret negotiations with Iran; if they released hostages then the US would sell them weapons. When they agreed, Reagan gave the money to rebels in Nicaragua to overthrow the goverment because of their support of communism.
Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe. (p. 863), Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931), Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms, Became the leader of the USSR in 1985. He proposed major reforms and adopted policies of greater openness (glasnostand perestroika) and allowed Soveit-bloc states greater independence. In 1991, there wa an unsuccessful attemtped overthrow of his government. The USSR dissolved in 1991 with Gorbachev's resignation.
Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union., A Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues and freer dissemination of news and information, A Soviet policy of openness to the free flow of ideas and information, introduced in 1985 by Mikhail Gorbachev, "openness"(used to describe radical reforms that allowed citizens and news media to say what they wished without fear of government persecution)
a policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society, Policy of 'openness' that was the centerpiece of Mikhail Gorbachev's efforts to liberalize communism in the Soviet Union. (See also Gorbachev, Mikhail.) (p. 863), A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to revitalize the Soviet economy by opening it up to more free enterprise
(Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces)
Arms limitation agreement settled by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev after several attempts. The treaty banned all intermediate-range nuclear missiles from Europe and marked a significant thaw in the Cold War.
Was the first President of the Russian Federation from 1991 to 1999. His era was a traumatic period in Russian history—a period marked by widespread corruption, economic collapse, and enormous political and social problems. By the time he left office, he was a deeply unpopular figure in Russia, with an approval rating as low as two percent by some estimates.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Passed by Congress in 1991, this act banned discrimination against the disabled in employment and mandated easy access to all public and commerical buildings.,
Site in Beijing where Chinese students and workers gathered to demand greater political openness in 1989. The demonstration was crushed by Chinese military with great loss of life.
Persian Gulf War
A war fought by a UN authorized coalition led by the United States. The coalition invaded Iraq in response to their invasion and annexation of Kuwait. Started when Hussein invaded the oil-rich but weak Kuwait and threatened Western oil sources in Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf.
Operation Desert Shield
After Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990, President George H.W. Bush sent American troops to protect Saudi Arabia. Bush was determined not to let Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein threaten or capture Saudi Arabia's enormous oil reserves.
Operation Desert Storm
U.S.-led multi-country military engagement in January and February of 1991 that drove Saddam Hussein's Iraqi army out of neighboring Kuwait. In addition to presaging the longer and more protracted Iraq War of the 2000s, the 1991 war helped undo what some called the "Vietnam Syndrome," a feeling of military uncertainty that plagued many Americans.
This general was commander of US forces during the Gulf War, American general who led "Operation Desert Storm", US General who conducted a brilliant ground war during Desert Storm (1991) after which Iraq conceded defeat, Commander of U.S. forces in the Gulf War. Led operation "Desert Storm"
President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991). Defeated by US led invasion in 2003.
Why was the New Right disappointed with the Republican Party in the decades after WWII?
New Right was disappointed because the Republican Party became more moderate and this upset them which is why it form .
What different constituencies made up the Reagan coalition?
What were the economic impacts of reaganomics?
Unemployment and Inflation rates decreased while the nation debt increased as it reached the trillion dollar mark.
How did Reagan's approach to the Soviet Union change between 1981-1989?
At first Reagan was set on getting rid of communism in the Soviet Union but over the years, his approach changed because he softened on his idea of getting rid of communism.
Why did the U.S intervene in the conflicts between Iraq and Kuwait?
Preventing genocide, promoting democracy and for self interests.
What was the "three-legged stool" of the New Right, and how did each led develop within the context of the Cold War?
In terms of presidential politics and policy, how successful was Jimmy Carter's term, coming between two Republicans (Nixon & Reagan)?
Why was Reagan unable to reduce federal expenditures as much as many of his supporters had hoped?
In what ways did American society embrace economic success and individualism in the 1980s?
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