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Bible 8 Semester Exam Guide
Terms in this set (96)
following Jesus is not easy, it is a path upstream, it is certainly not easy, but it leads to success
Jesus said enter through the "narrow gate". What does he mean?
Jesus brings HIS healing power to the world and multiplies HIS ministry by sending HIS disciples to participate in HIS mission
What his the big picture of Matthew 8-10?
Demonstration of Jesus's power and Extension of Jesus's mission
Matthew 8-10 can be divided into two large categories. What are those categories?
Lack of reverence to God; dishonoring God by claiming the power of God or to be God
What is blasphemy?
he came for the sinners not the righteous; he came for those who were aware of their spiritual need
Why did Jesus say that he came for the sick and not the healthy? What does he mean?
What motivated Christ to send the disciples on mission in Matthew 10?
It is resolute trust in a person
Define faith. (please use the definition from class)
Throughout the Bible we see that God is sovereign over all things and humans are responsible for their actions that both truths are present together in scripture means that we won't have to reject one another to preserve the other. God is sovereign and humans are responsible. Difficult as it is for us to hold these two together, these twin truths are ultimately compatible, not contradictory
What is the big idea in Matthew 11-13? How would you summarize it?
a symbolic story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson
What is a parable?
to hide the truth from outsiders and reveal it to insiders
Why did Christ speak in parables?
To confirm whether or not Jesus really is the "one who is to come"
In Matthew 11:4-5, John the Baptist send a message to Jesus. What was the point of this message?
he spends his time with tax collectors
What did the Pharisees mean when they called Jesus a "friend of sinners"?
A wooden frame joining two animals (usually oxen) for pulling loads; It's an oppressive burden
What is a yoke? What does Jesus say about his yoke?
Life is hard; he provides an exit from this life-sapping cycle
In Matthew 11:28, Jesus said that true rest is found in him. Why would this people need rest and what type of rest does he offer?
A bad tree bears bad fruit and a good tree bear good fruit
What does Jesus mean when he said that a "tree will be known by its fruit"?
Beelzebub the king of demons
To whom do the Pharisees attribute Christ's ability to cast out demons in Matthew 12?
the kingdom that you will sell all that you have for
What does the Valuable Pearl represent? (13: 45-46)
the kingdom we may lose everything to gain, but will come out ahead
What does the Hidden Treasure represent? (13:44)
like a tiny mustard seed that grows into a tree, the kingdom of heaven brings small and grows into its full expression over time
What does the Mustard seed represent? (13:31-32)
In this parable, the field is the earth and the grain sown are the Sons of Man. The devil comes and sows weeds, the sons of the evil one, amongst the grain. The master of the house is the Lord who lets them grow up together till the harvest, the end of the age. The reapers are the angels that gather up the weeds and throw them into the fiery furnace, hell. The grain is put into the barn, Heaven
What does the weeds represent? (13:24-30, 36-43)
to save his people and judge his enemies
What two things did the Jews expect the Messiah to do when he came?
We will forgive people numerous times but to do so continuously is from the heart
Matthew 18: Recount the Parable of the Unforgiving Servant. What point is Jesus trying to make?
Who wrote the book of John?
the disciple whom Jesus loved
How does the author of John refer to himself in this gospel?
so that we may believe that Christ Jesus and have life in his name
What is his purpose in writing this gospel (John)? (20:31)
Jesus is the Logos of God
What is a theme found in the book of John?
John refers to Jesus as the ___________________ that became flesh.
because Jesus is the ultimate sacrifice
John also refers to Jesus as a lamb? Why? Explain.
turning water into wine; the replacement of Judaism with the gospel
What is the first sign Jesus performs in John? What does it represent?
Who authored the book of Matthew?
Son of Abraham, Son of David, Messiah, Immanuel; his names directly connects him to the O.T. story
What titles does Matthew give Jesus? How does this connect him to the OT story?
1. Jesus is the Greek name for the Hebrew "Joshua" which means "Yahweh saves" 2. His genealogy mentions jewish people (Abraham, David, etc.) 3.matthew says the O.T. Weill be fulfilled
Give three reasons why we can conclude that Matthew's gospel is very Jewish in nature.
Mathew situates Jesus within history in general and the O.T. story in particular
What is the purpose of the genealogy in Matthew 1?
it is told from Joseph's perspective
How is Matthew account of Jesus's birth unique?
creation, fall, redemption
Describe the general outline of the Bible in three words:
Jesus is the long awaited king that came to restore the goodness of creation by bringing God's kingdom
What is the theme of Matthew?
means the enfleshing; where Jesus came to earth fully man to save us from our sins (in Christ, God became man)
Explain the incarnation.
"God with us"
What does Immanuel mean?
What does Jesus's name mean?
he will save us from our sins (salvation)
What does Jesus's name tell us about what he came to do?
What man introduces the arrival of Jesus and the kingdom of God?
Jesus's Baptism marks the beginning of his _______________________________.
all three members are present at his baptism
What does Jesus's baptism teach us about the trinity?
radical reorientation of life
What is repentance? (Matthew 3:2; 4:17)
Israel's 40 years of testing in the wilderness; he passed the test instead of failing
Jesus' 40 days in the wilderness enduring temptation corresponds with what other event? How was his testing different?
his words and his works
In Matthew 4:23-24, What two things mark Jesus's ministry?
the sermon on the mount
What is Matthew 5-7 known as?
blessings; blessings; in Jesus' kingdom economy, it's only the we admit we have nothing that we inherit everything
What are the beatitudes? What do they mean? How are we to understand them? (you don't have to memorize them, just explain in general what they communicate)
Jesus' kingdom is for those who know they don't deserve it, for those who admit their spiritual impoverishment
Why would the poor in our spirit inherit the kingdom of Heaven? Explain.
the first five books of the Bible; another section of the Bible
What is the Law? The prophets?
Jesus did not come to do away with the Scriptures but to bring them to their appointed goal; the O.T. is a story that finds its resolution in Jesus
How did Jesus view himself in relation to the Old Testament?
his commands cannot be externally managed; they must be obeyed from the heart
In Matthew 5:21-48, Jesus says that your righteousness has to exceed that of the Pharisees. How can we make sense of this passage?
The word used for "hell"; was the trash heap near the city that was regularly set on fire
presenting oneself falsely to others in order to gain positive regard or praise
What is hypocrisy?
Making themselves look ghastly to show that they've been fasting;
shouting "trumpeting" that they have given to the needy; praying so that others see them
In Matthew 6:1-18, how might people present themselves in a hypocritical way?
it reveals what we value most in life
In Matthew 6:19-24, what does our attitude about money and possessions reveal about our loyalties in life?
a ruler of the Pharisees
Who was Nicodemas?
he came at night to ask Jesus about his miracles
When and why did he visit Jesus?
he must be born again
What did Jesus tell Nicodemas that must happen if someone wanted to see the kingdom of God?
to be made spiritually alive
What does it mean to be "born again"?
he didn't understand because his eyes hadn't been opened to the spirit
How did Nicodemas respond? Did he understand? How do you know?
without the spiritual washing of the soul and cleansing accomplished by the Holy Spirit, no one can enter the Kingdom of God
Jesus also said that someone must be born of the water and the spirit? What did he mean by that? Is it baptism? Explain your answer. See John 4:14 and John 7:37-38.
the flesh can only produce flesh and that of the spirit can produce the new spiritual birth
How are we to understand Jesus's words in John 3:6. What do they mean?
What is an analogy?
he compares the Spirit to the wind
What analogy does Jesus use in reference to the Spirit in this passage?
it is sovereign and mysterious
What two things does this passage teach us about the Spirit?
he doesn't; we don't know
How does Nicodemas respond to Jesus? Does he believe? How do we know?
it is the love of God
John 3:16-21 What is the ultimate cause for God sending Christ into the world?
John 3:16-21 What is the promise offered to those who believe?
they are already condemned
John 3:16-21: According to this passage, what happens to those who do not believe?
people don't believe because they love the darkness more than the light
John 3:16-21: According to the text, why don't people believe?
at a well in Sychar
John 3:16-21 Where does Jesus meet the Samaritan woman?
John 3:16-21 Who were Samaritans?
they detested them
John 3:16-21 How did the Jews feel toward Samaritans?
she wondered why he a Jew would ask her a Samaritan for water
John 3:16-21 What does Jesus ask her for and what is her response?
by "living water" he means eternal life
John 3:16-21 Jesus said that he would have given her "living water"? Explain.
the thirst for Christ
John 3:16-21 Jesus also said that whoever drinks of that water will never be thirsty again. What type of "thirst" is he speaking of?
she doesn't understand because she thinks this living water is an actual thing that you can get physically
John 3:16-21 Does the woman understand? How do we know? (see v. 15)
he told her everything she had ever done
John 3:16-21 Why does the woman think Jesus is a prophet?
John 3:16-21Jesus said that an hour is coming when true worshippers will worship the Father in ______________________ and in ___________________________.
- official asks Jesus to come heal his son
- Jesus says he will be well
- official believes
- servants say the son is getting well
- man asks when; it is the same hour Jesus said the boy would get well
Recall the passage in John 4 where Jesus heals the official's son.
turning water into wine (replacement of Judaism with Gospel)
What sign did Jesus already perform in Cana of Galilee?
he believed what Jesus said and left (did not beg jesus to come with him)
How does the official demonstrate faith in John 4?
the official and all of his household believed
What happened as a result of this miracle that Jesus performed (4: 53)?
They are waiting to get healed by getting in the pool when the water starts bubbling
John 5-Why were people gathered at the pool of Bethesda? What did the people expect to happen?
He heals a lame man
John 5-What miracle does Jesus perform at this location?
the man is carrying his mat on the orders of Jesus which is going against their interpretation of the law (undermining their authority)
John 5-Why does this miracle cause such a problem among the Pharisees?
breaking the Sabbath
John 5-What do they accuse him of?
he was breaking the Sabbath and called himself the Son of God
For which two reasons did the Pharisees want to kill Jesus (5:18)?
According to John 5:24, what happens when a person hears Jesus's word and believes... They pass from ___________________ to __________________.
the Son does what the father does
How does Jesus explain his relationship to the Father in John 5:17-28?
JtB and Moses
Name two others whom Jesus says bear witness (testify) about him in John 5:30-47.
the feeding of the 5000
John 6: What sign does Jesus perform in the beginning of John 6?
they wanted to crown him king
John 6: What title did the crowds want to give Jesus after this sign?
IN John 6 Jesus said that he was the ________________ of life.
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