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Arts and Humanities
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Terms in this set (43)
What is the fan shaped area of land called where the Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea?
What direction dose the Nile River flow?
South to North
What was left behind after floods that helped Egyptians farmers?
Silt (fertile soil)
What douse akah mean?
what would the farmers do during flood season?
They would work on other projects
Describe how geography isolated Egypt from others?
rivers, mountains, and deserts
What is the capital of Egypt?
Where were New Kingdom pharaohs buries?
Vally of the Kings
List 3 reasons the Nile was important in creating a great Egyptian civilization.
1) a water resource
2) a food resource
3) silt to make land fertile
What lake was created after the building of the Aswan High Dam?
Which god was the most important to Egyptians?
What is polytheism?
A belief in more than one god
Which god has a falcon-headed?
Horus (god of the sky)
Who is the god of embalming?
Who is the ruler of the dead, often shown as a mummy?
Who married to Osiris and was know as the queen of the gods?
Which god represents storm, chaos, and the desert? (evil bad guy)
Who is the god of science and knowledge?
What is theocracy?
Type of government where a religious leader is also the head of the government.
What is the salt used to dry a body for mummification?
What organ was left in the body after mummification and why?
The heart, the ka needs it in the after life.
What ceremony was done in the after like to determine if you were a good person?
The waiting of the heart. (Ma'at)
How did the Egyptians remove the brain?
They would use a hook and put it up the nose and go up to the brain and take the brain back thought the nose.
Why was King Tut so famous?
He was so famous because his tum was never toughed there for there was a lot of things that we could study from his tum.
What are the 4 levels of the Egyptian social pyramid?
Pharaoh and Royal Family (the top)
Nobel and educated elite (second highest)
Middle Class (second to the bottom)
Farmers, Slaves, Peasants, and manual workers. (bottom)
Where is the Great Pyramids located?
Northern edge of the Giza
What dose the Sphinx look like?
It has the head of a pharaoh and the body of a lion.
What organs were held in the canopic jars?
Lung, stomach, intestines, liver
What story gave the Egyptians a reason to believe in the afterlife?
The myth of Osiris
What is the purpose of the Book of the Dead?
So the evil sprites would go away in the afterlife.
Who was the fist pharaoh?
What pharaoh was known as the grates Builder?
What group of people controlled Lower Egypt during the Middle Kingdom?
Who was the first female pharaoh?
In what period of the Egyptian history were pyramids used as tombs for pharaohs?
What represented the unitication of Upper and Lower Egypt?
King Narmer Wore a double crown
What is the purpose of the cartouche?
enclose protects the wearer against evil.
What dose the feather of Mat'at represent?
The feather of truth
What is the reed like plant used to make paper and pens in Egypt?
What group was considered the most educated people on Egyptian society?
What object did scholars study in order to learn the meaning of hieroglyphics?
What language was used to decipher the Rosetta stone?
In Egyptian art eyes and torsos are shown in the frontal view. How are the heads, arms, legs, and hips, shown?
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