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Chapter 13 POLIT 100
Terms in this set (55)
Which of the following statements is true of the bureaucracy of the federal government?
The bureaucracy of the federal government is part of the executive branch.
_____ appoints the heads of the executive departments within the executive branch of the federal government.
In a bureaucracy, _____.
each person can concentrate on her or his area of knowledge and expertise
Identify a social program that is available only to low-income individuals.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
Which of the following statements is true of government employment during the presidency of Ronald Reagan?
The decrease in government employment during Reagan's presidency was primarily at the local level.
Each cabinet department consists of the department's top administrators plus a number of _____.
Which of the following best describes adjudication?
The act of rendering a judicial decision
Which of the following statements is true of the Department of Health and Human Services?
One of its principal duties is to enforce pure food and drug laws.
Which of the following statements is true of an iron triangle?
An iron triangle helps in understanding the federal bureaucracy's role in policymaking.
An administrative agency rule that carries the same weight as a statute enacted by a legislature is known as__________.
a legislative rule
A principal duty of the Department of Justice is to:
give legal advice to the president.
Identify a true statement about government employment.
Most growth in government employment from 1959 to 2016 has been at the state and local levels.
Why was the General Services Administration created as an independent executive agency in 1949?
To provide services and office space for most federal agencies
Which of the following social programs is paid out to all qualifying persons, regardless of income?
Which of the following explains why the federal government bureaucracy exists?
Congress, over time, has delegated certain tasks to specialists.
Which of the following is a principal duty of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission?
To examine claims of discrimination
Heads of the executive departments of the federal government are confirmed by _____.
Which of the following makes up the highest percentage of the federal government's revenues as of 2016?
Individual income tax and taxes that are collected along with it
The Office of Personnel Management is responsible for:
recommending potential government workers to relevant agencies.
The nonmilitary government employees are part of the _____.
Which of the following statements is true of the organization of the federal government?
The judicial branch of the federal government consists of a number of bureaucracies that provide services to the president directly.
Which of the following is a principal duty of the Department of the Treasury?
To mint coins and print paper currency
Which of the following statements is true of the Department of Justice?
It supervises federal prisons.
The executive departments are:
the major service organizations of the federal government.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is a(n)__________.
independent regulatory agency
In the federal government, the president of the United States:
does not report to anyone.
The three corners of the iron triangle in policymaking are:
legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups.
Which of the following is a structure of the executive branch of the federal government?
Independent regulatory agencies
In a government, a__________is a government employee who carries out the policies of elected government officials.
Identify a department of the federal government that existed in 1789.
The Department of the Treasury
A federal agency that engages primarily in commercial activities, produces revenues, and requires greater flexibility than most agencies is known as a(n) _____.
Which of the following is a principal duty of the Department of Housing and Urban Development?
To oversee resale of mortgages
In the context of the federal civil service, the _____ recruits, interviews, and tests potential government workers and determines who should be hired.
Office of Personnel Management
The__________was one of the three departments of the federal government that existed in 1789.
Department of State
Which of the following is a principal duty of the Department of the Interior?
To operate federal hydroelectric power facilities
Identify a true statement about rulemaking.
A regulatory agency must follow process requirements set forth in the Administrative Procedure Act of 1946.
President Obama's 2009 _____, which transferred large sums to local governments, helped stabilize government employment through 2010.
Identify a true statement about a bureaucracy.
The concept of a bureaucracy is not confined to the federal government.
Increasingly, government agencies have attempted to improve their effectiveness and efficiency by making use of _____.
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 established the principle of government employment on the basis of:
merit through open, competitive examinations.
Which of the following statements is true of federal government spending for 2016?
Medicaid is funded by payroll taxes and paid out to all qualifying persons, regardless of income.
Which of the following is an independent executive agency of the federal government?
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Policy and Supporting Positions is a document that:
publishes the list of federal posts that are filled by appointments by the president after each presidential
A key aspect of any bureaucracy is that the power to act resides in the _____.
position a person holds
The__________was created by the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 and it oversees promotions, employees' rights, and other employment matters for people working in the federal bureaucracy.
Merit Systems Protection Board
Today the cost of government at all levels accounts for ___ percent of the nation's gross domestic product (GDP).
Which of the following is NOT a form of federal tax collected by the U.S. Government?
Local property tax
Which executive department was created by Congress in 2002 to deal with terrorism and other threats?
Department of Homeland Security
The head of the Department of Justice is known as the ____.
Which of the following is a principal duty of the Department of Energy?
To promote the conservation of energy and resources
U.S. Customs and Border Protection is a subagency within the Department of _____.
______ is defined as a law enacted by a legislature to establish an administrative agency that normally specifies the name, purpose, composition, and powers of the agency being created.
______ is defined as The application of technical skills to jobs without regard to political issues.
How do interest groups influence the Department of Agriculture?
Improving efficiency within the Department
A _____ is someone who reports to authorities or the press on gross governmental inefficiency, illegal action, or other wrongdoing.
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