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US History Unit 3 - Fincher Doug
Terms in this set (68)
Election of 1828
Was between Jackson and Adams. Mudslinging from Adams campaign regarding Rachel Jackson. Jackson wins are there is a riot at the white house to celebrate. Increased franchise.
Running a dirty or underhanded campaign. Adams bringing Rachel Jacksons marriage to light.
Government of the people
the right to vote
Jacksons cabinet; they came through the kitchen door.
A government tax on imports or exports.
Tariff of Abominations
Imposed to help the north. They imported goods.
demos-people; government of the people
The goal was to expand the involvement of people in the government. People who were not qualified were in government; voted for Jackson.
The conflict between Jackson and Calhoun; Calhoun felt like the tariff was an abomination; South Carolina believed they had sovereignty; Calhoun wrote "South Carolina Exposition and Protest"
The right to follow or not follow laws
"South Carolina Exposition and Protest"
written by John C. Calhoun denouncing the 1828 Tariff as unconstitutional and that the states should declare it null and void
Jefferson Day Dinner Toast of 1830
Event where Calhoun and Jefferson clashed. Jackson says, "Our union must be preserved."
Calhoun says, "Union next to our liberties is most important."
Peggy Eaton Affair
She married a member of Jacksons Cabinet. Her husband was lost at sea. She was shunned by Calhoun's wife.
the ability to reject or deny.
Tariff of 1832
smaller than tariff than 1828. South Carolina threatens to leave the Union.
South Carolina 1832
Jackson threatens to send 50,000 troops to South Carolina.
Henry Clay's Compromise Tariff of 1833
There will be a gradual decrease in the tariff.
Jackson vs. Second Bank
soft money vs. hard money; Second bank would get too powerful and become a monopoly; Jackson wanted to protect the common man. We go through a period of time without a national bank
money that is given to political parties; paper money
coins; comes in the form of gold or silver.
Henry Clay vs. Andrew Jackson election of 1832
State banks where Andrew Jackson placed deposits removed from the federal National Bank.
the banks lending out money relying on people being able to pay back. People bought land out west intending to sell.
a network of routes used by slaves to escape to the North
slaves are literal property and the owner of them has the power to buy, sell, auction, and trade their slaves
Uncle Tom's Cabin
a book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852; the book enhances fugitive slave laws
obvious or undeniable fate
people that moved west to settle in California due to the Gold Rush
Abolitionist crusader who massacred pro-slavery settlers in Kansas before the Civil War; hoped to inspire slavery revolt with 1859 attack on Virginia arsenal; executed for treason against the state of Virginia
Introduced by Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois. It supported the act of popular sovereignty (letting the people of the territory decide whether or not to allow slavery)
Trail of Tears
In 1838 the US Army round up over 1,000 Cherokee Indians and forced them to march west or 116 days and 1,000 miles. 25% of the Indians died on the march
Elizabeth Cody Stanton
Women's rights leader in the 1800's; helped organize first women's rights movement. Wrote the Declaration of Sentiments on women's rights in 1848
Second Great Awakening
1790-1830's- Wave of religious revivals around 1800 that encouraged a culture of evangelicalism responsible for an upswing in prison reform, the temperance cause, the feminist movement, and abolition
Advocate of prison reform and of special institutions for the mentally ill in Massachusetts before the Civil War.
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist author known for his work "Walden Pond" (1854) and other writings
School reformer and supporter of public educational system in Massachusetts
Charles G. Finney
Revivalist during the Great Awakening; emphasized religious conversion and personal choice
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women
Martin van Buren
Democrat who lost presidency to Harrison, became president when Harrison died, through the Peggy Eaton Affair he became VP
Proposed by David Wilmot, slavery should be banned in the new regions, passed in the house, rejected in the senate
Seneca Falls Convention - NY
1848- Where the Declaration of Sentiments was written for women's reform; led by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton; pushed for suffrage
"Conductor" of the Underground Railroad, which helped the slaves escape to freedom before the Civil War
led the millerites, believers became known as seven day Adventists, his idea focuses on the return of Jesus, but he was wrong & it became known as the great disappointment
Founder of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (or Mormons), in New York in 1830. Killed by a mob in Illinois in 1844
Compromise of 1850
Introduced by Henry Clay of Kentucky, it was a compromise over slavery that had 5 separate laws. Some favored the south and some favored the north
beliefs- individuality, personal freedoms, love of nature; self improvement and discovery.
made to establish perfect living conditions; ex. Onieda Community
the people have power or control
cult of domesticity
The idea that women discussed in the women's movement; they were supposed to be submissive and take care of the household.
the right to vote
Declaration of Sentiments
Like the Declaration of Independence for women; social, moral, and political; pushed for the right to vote.
After Seneca Falls
very slow change; women's colleges formed in the Northeast.
People's personal conversion stories, testimonies, gospel.
Preachers who went from city to city to teach; most of the time common men (not qualified)
Most famous of all Methodist circuit riders; brawny man; would beat up hecklers
The largest denomination; believed in personal relationship with God and man.
California Gold Rush
1848-1849; when usually young unmarried men went west for Gold. Called 49ers
Fugitive Slave Law
southern slave owners could track down their runaways and have them returned by others if found; northerners must return runaway slaves, declared unconstitutional by Wisconsin
Jackson issues this and its cause people to have to use hard money and no more soft money
Panic of 1837
causes failure due to speculators and payback their loans
conflicts between anti-slavery and pro-slavery in Kansas with massacres and raids taking place
a massacre in Kansas where John Brown hacks pro-slavery people to death
Dred Scott Decision
a slave who was moved to a free state and then put back into slavery. He took his case to the federal court system. Blacks are not citizens but are property and must respect the U.S. property rights in every territory.
The Chief Justice in the Dred Scott Decision; does not grant Dred Scott his freedom because he does not have the right to sue in federal court.
Harpers Ferry, VA
a raid took place here to take control of a federal arsenal in order to start a slave rebellion and create a free state for blacks
an anti-slavery newspaper
Indian Removal Act of 1830
The removal of the Cherokee, Choctaw, creek, Seminole, and Chicksaws. Assimilation; led to the Trail of Tears.
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