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is defined as a subgroup within the population whose members share similar values and patterns of related behaviors that differ from the larger population.


Naturally occurring male hormones that are produced by the testes

Primary prevention

the very broad range of activities aimed at reducing the risk of drug use among non-users and assuring continued non-use. Often targeted to at-risk neighborhoods, communities, and families.

Community based programs

Provide coordinated programs among many agencies and organizations involved in prevention.

Scare tactic

drug prevention information based on emphasizing the extreme negative effects of drug use by coercing/warning the audience about the dangers of drug use


A state of consciousness in which there is a constant level of awareness focusing on one object; for example, getting involved in yoga and/or Zen Buddhism


A drug used in the treatment of alcoholism that interferes with the metabolic degradation of alcohol, producing an unpleasant reaction when even a small quantity of alcohol is consumed.


is an opioid agonist, it activates opioid receptors


Using performance-enhancing drugs for increased athletic ability

Drugs that are considered ergogenic are those which enhance


The majority of non-medicinal steroid use by college student is to increase


Approximately blank of women in drug abuse treatment report histories of physical and sexual abuse, with victimization beginning before 11 years of age and occurring repeatedly


In a drug prevention program, it is assumed that students do not know how to "just say no"; therefore, and training are important

refusal skills training or peer-resistance training

Suboxone contains

buprenorphine and opiate antagonist naloxone

The planned length of stay for residents to therapeutic communities is generally to months

6 to 12 months

Drug education began in the late


DARE was first developed in


Alcoholic Anonymous was founded in

Mid 1930's

What are the key factors in determining the probability of using anabolic steroids

Athletes' motivation, the level of competition, the type of sport, and the pressure for winning

One research study found that the most effective drug treatment for women included

a mutually supportive therapeutic environment that addresses: psychopathology, a woman's role as mother, the need for parental education,

Usually primary, secondary, and tertiary drug prevention programs used in combination because, in most settings

all three types of drugs users comprise the targeted population

A primary family risk factor(s) that predisposes youths to find drugs attractive are

chaotic home environment, ineffective parenting, lack of mutual attachments and nurturing, etc

If a higher education official claims that the best way to approach drug prevention is to build the resistance skills that are lacking, the official is advocating which drug prevention

School-Based Drug Prevention

Which of the following approaches involves initiating behavioral change by helping clients resolve ambivalence about engaging in treatment?

Motivational Enhancement Therapy

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