Chapter 17 Imperial China
Terms in this set (28)
A new form of the ideas of the philosopher Confucius; included Buddhist and Daoist beliefs.
A new understanding of Confucianism
Created to stop the spread of Buddhism
Taught that people should be concerned with this world as well as the afterlife
Became more of a set of rules for good behavior.
Mom do I have a button down shirt
A ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures.
Flat, dry grassland.
Violent acts that are meant to cause fear in people.
A count of the number of people in a country.
A long fictional story.
An uncivilized person.
Ended in 220A.D. and China fell into civil war
Warlords took over and fought one another for about 300 years
Began in 581A.D. when a Chinese general named Wendi unified China and named himself emperor
The Grand Canal was completed during this dynasty
Changan became the capital of the Han Dynasty
Yangdi was killed in a revolt by farmers and the dynasty ended.
Began in 618A.D. when one of Yadni's generals took over China
Lasted until 907A.D.
Most powerful Emperor was Taizong
Brought back Civil Service Exams and gave land to farmers
Empress Wu led during Tang Dynasty
Only woman to rule China
Added more government officials and strengthened the military .
Began in 960A.D. when a general took over and named himself emperor
Enjoyed prosperity and cultural achievements
Faced many challenges
Not enough military
lasted until 1279 A.D.
During the Tang Dynasty farmers improved irrigation techniques
Developed news kinds of rice that grew well in poor soil and resisted disease
Began to grow tea.
During the Tang Dynasty rulers built roads and canals
Silk, tea, steel, paper and porcelain became major exports
Silver and gold, precious stones and fine woods became major imports
A network of trade routes opened including new seaports.
The discovery of coal as a heat source and fuel took the place of the diminishing wood resources available
Coal was then used to heat and was mixed with iron to create steel
Steel products: swords, helmets, armor, stoves, farm tools, drills, nails and sewing needles.
Chinese Buddhist monks learned how to use wood blocks for Printing
Oldest known printed book is a Buddhist book called the Diamond Sutra printed in 868A.D.
Pi Sheng took printing a step further and invented movable type c. 1000 A.D.
In 1024 A.D. the world's first paper currency was printed and used in China .
Also invented during the Tang Dynasty
Used in fireworks, explosives and weapons
Chinese ships invented during the Song Dynasty
Large ships with rudders and sails
They also invented the magnetic compass to use for navigation.
Li Bo popular Tang Dynasty poet
Wrote poems about nature
Du Fu another Tang Dynasty poet
Wrote poems about problems in Chinese
society that impacted the poor
Came from an area north of China called Mongolia
They were the dominant nomadic group in central Asia
Lived in moveable tens called yurts
Excellent horseback riders and could attack with bow and arrows and swords and spears from their horses.
A title that means "strong ruler."
His real name was Temujin
Elected as the Mongol leader in 1206A.D.
Unified all of the Mongol clans
Led an army of over 100,000
Used terror tactics.
Covered 1/5th of the world!
See page 491.
Grandson of Kublai Khan
Became the Mongol ruler in 1260A.D.
Established a new capital in what is now Beijing
Began the Yuan Dynasty.
One of the most famous European travelers to reach China
Described his journey to China and his adventures in China in a book
Sparked an interest in other explorers.
Began in 1368A.D. when a military officer named Zhu Yuanzhang became emperor
Called him self "Hong Wu" or "Military Emperor" and brought peace and order but was a harsh leader
His son, Yong Le, built the Forbidden City in his new capital city, Beijing
Ended in 1644A.D.
Led the Chinese sea explorations in the 1400's
Traded Chinese goods for foreign goods
Brought back exotic animals
After his death Chinese officials cut off further explorations.
The Portuguese landed in China in 1514 A.D.
This was the first direct European contact since Marco Polo
They wanted to trade and convert the Chinese to Christianity
The Chinese thought they were barbarians.
Fall of the Ming
Dishonest officials placed heavy taxes on farmers
Weakened by all of this the Chinese were invaded by the Manchus
Established the Qing Dynasty in 1644A.D.