World lit Final—2018
Terms in this set (181)
World War I
a time period of monumental changes (1914-1918
economic downturn that devastated economic throughout the world (1929)
World War II
Germany surrendered to the Allies (1939-1945)
Germany, Italy, and Japan (main participants in the war)
Great Britain, France, the U.S.S.R., China, the United States, and others
fear of Nuclear Warfare
telephones, phonographs, televisions, automobiles, airplanes, computers, space technology, and medical advances (antibiotics)
increases in science and technology
Music, Movies etc.- Jazz, the Blues, 1950s (Rock-n-Roll)
grew up in IBO village
Things Fall Apart
personal life is ruined as a result of colonial pressures. - destructive effects of colonialism ( Achebe's first novel)
one of the earliest converts to Christianity
language is used to say one thing but to mean the opposite
series of related events
description of the characters, settings and conflicts
occur when characters attempt to resolve the conflict
when outcome is determined
when all the story's conflicts are resolved
short, simple tale that has a moral lesson
narrative with a double meaning
moved away from moral meaning and ended up confused and asking what everything means
the reader is never certain about what is "real and what is "fantasy"
language is used to say one thing but to mean the opposite
most famous unsuccessful revolt
scientific knowledge, steam engine, steel and aluminum, steamboats, urban development, factories, railroads, electric light
name given to a group of people that has similar ideas and views
revolt against the restrictions imposed by the classical, aristotic ideas of the 18th century
broke out in 1789 later became the Reign of Terror
reaction to romanticism
radical offshoot of realism
became major literary movement
language is used to say one thing but to mean the opposite
(philosophy)neither the universe nor human life has any intrinsic, or already present meaning
Albert Camus (1913-1960)
believed that the question "why" is asked at some point in every persons life. And that people have the need to create meaningful lives for themselves
"tale for children"
what The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World is so called
won the Nobel Prize for Literature
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
the 20th Century (1900s)
a time period of monumental changes
an economic downturn that devastated economies throughout the world
Charles Darwin (influential person)
theory of evolution
Karl Marx (influential person)
ideas that led to the establishment of communication
reaction against Romanticism
The reason for a characters actions
The sequence of events in a story
Point of view
Vantage point from which the writer tells the story
third person point of view
Gain insight into one. character, but don't know the inner world if other characters minds
at the beginning of the myth, what is life like under Osiris' reign?
No death and no war, everyone was kind and wise.
Why does Seth want to destroy Osiris?
Because there were green things everywhere and Seth hated them.
Describe the actions isis takes to save Osiris after each of his deaths
Isis would wrap Osiris chest in linen, put him on a ship to Egypt, and breath into his mouth and with the notion of her wings she brought him back to life.
from what point of view is Osiris and isis told in?
it is told from the omniscient point of view.
why does maheo need the animals to help in order to complete the creation?
because his power will only let him create 4 things by himself
what is the grandmother turtles role in the creation
to carry the mud on her back and now every turtle will be slow because they are carrying the weight of the world on their back
why and how did Mateo create a human being.
because he didn't think that the earth woman should be alone and by taking one of his ribbons and breathed on it, he played it on the ground and created a human.
what was the last thing Mateo created
stories that explained how things came to be
a pattern or model that serves as the basis for different, but related, versions of a character, plot, or theme.
picture created by words
Saying less than what is really meant
when a speaker says one thing but really means the opposite
Why does Thor become angry with the farmer and his family? How does he punish them?
The farmer broke a goat's leg and he punishes them by taking their children as his companions.
Why does Thor become angry with Skrymir? What happens when, in his anger, Thor strikes Skrymir with his hammer?
Because Skrymir snores so loud and his reaction is to ask if something fell on his head
What contests do the visitors engage in? What are the results?
Drinking, eating, running, strength
What does Utgaro- Loki admit to Thor as Thor is about to depart?
That he knew that he was striking his head with the hammer, and that all of the contests were tricks.
Struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions
Conflict between characters or forces
Conflict taking place within a single individual
Why is Kriemhild so concerned for Siegfried as he leaves for the hunt?
he is leaving Kriemhild
How does Seigfried show his skills as a hunter?
Siegfried killed a dragon and bathed in its blood which made him invincible to mortal weapons.
How do Hagen and Gunther manage to lure Seigfried alone to the stream?
They challenge him to a race
How does Hagen kill Seigfreid?
Stabbed him with a spear through the back of his neck.
when what happens in a story is the opposite of what you thought would happen.
a story that serves to bind together several different narratives
At first, what does Federico do to win Monna Giovanna's love?
He spends lots of money to win her love, but this does not make her love him. Federigo has a favorite falcon and having nothing else serves it to Monna for dinner.
What does Monna Giovanna do when she learns what Federigo has made for supper?
When she learns of this sacrifice she marries him.
When her brothers urge her to remarry, what does Monna Gioanna remember?
merits of Federigo and his last act of generosity
what sort of books does Don Quixote like to read, and what affects do these books have on his life?
Chivalry and romantic ones and it teaches him to be a knight.
What preparations does Don Quixote make before setting out on his quest?
gives himself a name-Don Quixote de La Mancha. He needs a hose (Roccinate)-not a very immpressive and old work horse.-bare bones skinny
uses his Grandfathers armor-helmet is broken so he makes a helmet out of cardboard.
Why does Sancho Panza become a squire to Do Quixote?
Because he doesn't want to be by himself.
After being knocked down by the windmill, how does Don Quixote explain the fact that he has not killed a giant?
Don blames it on the magic Freston
what natural human needs, which don ignores, does Sancho insist on satisfying for himself?
Since Don Quixote is overtaken by his imaginations, he ignores the want to sleep or eat. Sancho is frequently hungry and tired. Don Quixote ignores him.
limitation of another work of literature for amusement or instruction
writing ridicules human weakness, vice, or folly in order to bring about social reform.
What does Candide do to get himself expelled from the Baron's castle
He kisses Cunegonde
What happens to Candide among the Bulgarians
Candide wanders away from the best of all castles, sleeps in a field, and stops at an inn where he meets two soldiers
Briefly describe the main characteristics of Eldorado. What values do the inhabitants place on gold and gems?
It is a place that has a peaceful society. Gold and gems are worth nothing.
What reasons does Candide give for wanting to leave Eldorado and return to his own world?
So he can go and see Cunegonde
Explain how the prudent Vanderdendur and the dutch judge trick Candide.
They stole his money
Why does Candide ultimately select Martin "a poor man of letters" to be is traveling companion?
Martin is wise and interesting
why does tomotada stop at the cottage among the willows?
He stops because his horse was showing signs of fatigue
who does tomotada meet at the cottage?
he meets green willow and her parents
why doesn't tomotada take green willow with him on his mission?
(1)because he thinks that noto would let him marry her and (2) daimyo might take her
what does tomotada learn about green willow as she was dying? Why was she dying?
he learned that her soul was connected to the green willow tree and someone was cutting it down so she was dying.
what time period did the handsomest drowned man in the world take place in?
it took place in the twentieth centry
what is unusual about the drowned man? how do the men explain this characteristics?
he was the tallest, strongest, most virile, and best built man they had ever seen though they were looking at him, there was no room for him in their imagination
what name do the villagers give the man? why?
they name him Esteban because he couldn't have had any other name.
How does the village change after the drowned man washes ashore?
the village becomes more colorful and they change the setting of they houses.
why does Thor become angry with the farmer and his family? how does he punish them?
the farmer broke a goats leg and he punishes them by taking their children as his companions.
why does Thor become angry with skrymir?
thor was angry because he snores so loud
what happens when, in his anger, Thor strikes skrymir with his hammer?
he told skrymir that something feel on his head
what contests do the visitors engage in? what are the results?
eating, running, and drinking. The results were that Thor and his company lost.
what does utagro-loki admit to Thor as Thor is about to depart?
he tells him that his company should have won the contest and that he was cheering the whole time.
describe lanterns married life, including the way they met, their feelings, and their economic circumstances?
Monsieur Lantin had met her at a party, thrown by his office superior. Later he purposed to and married he. She ran the house skillfully and economically that it gave the impression of living in luxury.
what 2 tastes of madame Latin's does monsieur Latin object to?
she objects to fake jewelry and theater.
how does the death of his wife affect monsieur lanterns standard of living?
by not being able to afford to live like he was living lifestyle.
what ethnic difference separates Nnaemeka and nene? in predicting that his father will be unhappy with their marriage, what reason does Nnaemeka give?
Nnaemeka says that he should tell him when he gets home after leave because he's not sure how happy his father will be. He was Ibo so he assumed that Nana wouldn't understand.
what does Okeke, Nnaemeka's father, believe a man must look for in a wife, and what is his opinion of her job?
His father says that she needs to be a good christian and he thinks that no good christian should teach and that she should keep silent.
how does Okeke treat his son and daughter in law for the first 8 years of their marriage?
he ignores them and doesnt talk to them at all.
How does Nnaemeka's Ibo friends feel about Nene?
at first they shame her, but then they start to warm up to her.
what request does Nene make in her letter to her father in law
She asks if his grandkids can come and visit him
After reading this letter, what has built up over so many years and what feelings disturbs sleep at night?
his heart softens
Pahom buys his first 40 acres of land from the aristocrats. How does he raise the money?
By paying half the price down and undertaking that he will pay the other half n 2 years.
After buying his own farm, why does Pahom quarrel with the neighboring peasents?
Because they let the village cows and horses into his meadow and get among his earn and he would have to turn them out again and again.
What happens when Pahom attempts to buy land from Bashkirs?
The Bashkirs agreed to give him the land he wants but some wanted to ask their cheif first and others didnt think it was worth the wait.
According to Tolstoy, how much and does a man need? How is the question in the story's title answered?
A man doesnt need any land, he only needs himself to be happy.
How does the hero prove his innocence to the king?
By finding the duck, cutting it open, and bringing it to the king.
What does the hero of for the fish he encounters on his journey?
Hero saves the fish that was stuck and puts it back into the water.
What does hero do for the ants he encounters on his journey?
Hero moves his horse for crushing the ants.
What does hero do for the Ravens he encounters on his journey?
Hero kills his horse so the baby ravens would have something to eat.
How is the hero able to pass the impossible tests of the princess?
By getting help from the fish by bringing back the golden ring to him. Then the ants helped him pick up every single grain. And the raens brought him the golden apple
What crime has the Arab committed?
He killed his cousin to get food.
What was Daru's attitude towards that crime and towards the colonial governments action in realation to it?
He was filled with wrath and bloodlust. But he doesnt want to hand him to the government because it disgusts him and he doesnt think its right.
what 2 routes does dark point out to Arab?
One lead to the East to Tinguit where the police are, and the other lead to the south w.here there are pastured lands and nomads
What route does Arab take?
He takes the one to the east where the police and the prisons are.
On returning o the school hoes what message does Daru find written on the chalkboard?
"You handed over our brother. You will pay for this."
How does the young Theseus first prove his strength?
He picks up a huge rock and tosses it aside
What is minotaur? What is its role in the story?
It is half bull, half man, and is kept in the middle of the Laberinth or maze and kills anyone who enters
What finally happens to King Aegeus?
He drops himself because he thought his son had died
Why does Theseus journey to the underworld? What happens to him there?
He was helping a friend who wanted to marry Persephone, Hades wife, but Hades tricked them and they are stuck to a magic bench forever.
an anonymous, traditional story that explains a belief, a custom, pr a mysterious natural phenomenon
story created by common people and carried from generation to generation
a journey taken in a search of a person or objects of great value
Ruled Egypt, the easters Mediterranean, Asia Minor, and the Balkans.
Didn't fare well, fell invading the Germanic tribes
Was an emperor who proclaimed christianity the official religion of the roman empire
Records of events
Became king of the Franks and was the first roman emperor of the new holy roman empire
economic, social, and military system which tenants pledged their loyalty to a lord
French word Meaning knight was basically a military code of behavior
Christian attempts to forcefully regain the holy land from the muslims
ordinary person, who is neglected by people
the process by which an author reveals a characters personality
5 examples of characterization
1. by describing the characters appearance 2. by recording what the character says 3. by revealing the characters innermost thoughts and feelings 4. by showing the characters actions 5. by showing how other characters act toward the character
telling us directly what the character is like: kind, untrustworthy, and so on
struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions
character struggle against out side forces
Character struggle between opposing desires or needs in a characters own mind
folktale with supernatural forces such as spirits talking animals, and magic
message about how people ought to behave
feeling of uncertainty and curiosity about what will happen next in a story
saying less then what is really meant
the use of clues to hint at what is gong to happen later in the plot
what actually happens in a story , novel, or drama is the opposite of what is expected or appropriate
story that serves to bind together several different narratives
category or type in which it belongs
the description characters, settings, and conflict
modern European philosophy that emphasizes the meaninglessness of the outer world
literally style that combines incredible events with realistic details
language that is used to say one thing but to mean the opposite
How the World was made
Ancient Greek Myth
Osiris and Isis
Ancient Egyptian Myth
The White Snake
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Thor and Lokin tn Giant land
How Siegfried was Slain
The Tale of the Falcon
Miguel de Cervantes
Guy de Maupassant
How much Land does a Man Need
he handsomest Drowned Man in the world
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Marriage is a Private Affair
Example of foil
Siegfried and Hagen (How Siegfried was Slain)