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54 terms

Ch 3

Development and structure of the Constitution
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Confederation
group of individual state governments joined for a common purpose
Constitution
written plan of government
Bicameral
means the legislature is divided into two parts or houses
Constitutional Convention
meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of a new Constitution
Electoral College
this is a group of people named / selected by each state legislature to select the President or V. P.
Great Compromise
agreement (compromise) providing a dual system of congressional representation (a senate and a house)
Three-fifths Compromise
Compromise that included part of the slave population in calculating representation
Federalism
Form of government where power is divided between the Federal (or National) level and the state level
Federalists
Supporters of the Constitution like large landowners who wanted property protection
Anti-Federalists
those who opposed the Constitution because they believed a strong central government would take away American liberties
Amendment
any change in the Constitution
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments of the Constitution that insures our basic freedoms / rights
Preamble
opening statement of the Constitution that states the goals and purposes of government
Executive Branch
the division of government that enforces the laws
Legislative Branch
this is the lawmaking body of government also called Congress
Judicial Branch
the division of government that interprets the laws and sees that they are fairly applied
Checks and balances
the ability of each government to branch to limit the power of other branches
Separation of Powers
this is the division of authority among the 3 branches of government
Popular Sovereignty
this is the idea that power lies with the people
Rule of Law
this is the idea that law applies to everyone
Expressed Powers
powers that are specifically granted to the national government also called enumerated powers
Reserve Powers
powers that can be exercised only by state governments
Concurrent Powers
powers exercised by both the national and state governments
New Hampshire
the first colony that organized as a state and developed its own constitution
Federal Arsenal
What did Daniel Shay and his supporters attack?
Shay's Rebellion
What event highlighted the weakness of the Articles to provide adequate public security?
Treaty of Paris of 1783
This ended the Revolutionary War for America
Ordinance of 1785
this helped provide for the systematic growth (expansion) of the new nation
Northwest Ordinance
one of the most significant accomplishments of the Articles of Confederation. It set up procedures to apply for statehood
Magna Carta
Where did the states get the idea get the ideas found in the 'bill of rights' that they set up in their state constitution
the Constitution
What is the highest law in the land?
Ratified by 9 of the13 states
What did it take for the constitution to become the supreme law of the land
Patrick Henry
Who was the Virginia Delegate who refused to attend the Constitutional Convention because he didn't believe in a strong National government
George Washington
Who presided over the convention?
James Madison
Who is considered the 'Father of the Constitution'?
Revise the Articles
What was the original purpose of the Second Constitutional Convention
Three-fourths
How many states must ratify a proposed amendment before it becomes a law?
Article I
Which article sets up the legislative branch, lawmaking body?
Article II
Which article sets up the executive branch which is responsible for carrying out (enforcing) laws
Article III
Which article creates the Judicial branch the interprets the laws and sees they are fairly applied?
Article VI
Which article explains the relationship between states and the national government and the states?
Article V
Which article explains how the Constitution can be amended (changed)?
Article VI
Which article contains the "supremacy clause"?
Article VII
Which article explains how the Constitution was supposed to to take effect
Supreme Court
Who has the final authority on interpreting the Constitution?
Montesquieu
Who is the French philosopher who developed the idea of 'separation of powers'?
The Supremacy Clause
How are conflicts between state laws and national laws resolved?
Consent of the Governed
Which principle of democracy is being exemplified when voters reject or replace representatives who serve them poorly?
Veto laws
How does the executive branch exercise 'checks and balances'?
Override Veto or Impeach President
How does the legislative branch exercise 'checks and balances'?
Declare acts unconstitutional
How does the judicial branch exercise 'checks and balances'?
Expressed Powers (National level)
What level of government has sole authority to coin money, maintain army and navy, declare war and regulate trade between states and other nations?
Reserve Powers (State level)
What level of government has authority to regulate trade within a state, protect public welfare, and establish local governments?
Concurrent Powers (Both levels)
What is the term for powers that are shared by both state and national level - like establishing courts, enforcing laws, collecting taxes and borrowing money