Austro-Hungarian Empire, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I.
Foreign affairs and the military came under joint oversight, but all other governmental faculties were divided between respective states.
Frances Joseph (Habsburg Empire → 1848-1916) → respected in Austria but despised in Hungary
Ferenc Deak → Hungarian statesman (wise man of the nation)
Common = ruler, foreign ministry, defense ministry, finance ministry, army
Separate = 2 governments, 2 parliaments
Economy: "Common Market"
Common tariff zone, currency union, division of labor within the empire
Modernization of Economic Development
Agriculture flourished, improving communication facilities, industrial development
Accused of being a "Titoist Spy" for western imperialism and one who planned on restoring capitalism and jeopardizing Hungary's independence. During his time in prison, Rajk was tortured and was promised acquittal if he took responsibility for the charges brought against him
He confessed to all the charges brought against him. After his confession the prosecution decided, against the promise made, to call for the heaviest sentences to be brought down upon him and the other seven men who stood trial with him. Rajk was to be made an example for the beginning of Stalin's anti-Titoist purges.
Dissatisfaction with Rákosi's rule began to surface. On 28 March 1956, following numerous demonstrations, Rajk was rehabilitated. The rehabilitation speech, even though it was not publicized, had vast consequences for Rákosi, who had used the Rajk guilt as an explanation for the other purges that followed. Now that he had to admit that he was, indeed, wrong, it would end up ruining Rákosi's rightful authority. Lászlo Rajk was then reburied, before 100,000 mourners, on October 6, 1956, along with two other men who lost their lives during the purges.