Vocabulary for Final
Terms in this set (39)
Information obtained through the senses.
A factor that can change in an experiment
The outcome factor; the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable.
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied.
Any process that breaks rock down into smaller pieces without changing the chemistry of the rock; typically wind and water.
The process in which rock is broken down by changes in its chemical makeup
Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and carried away (i.e. weathering, glaciation)
The process in which material is laid down.
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
All the water at and near the surface of the earth, 97% of which is in oceans
Frozen water on earth
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.
Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in which life exists, including land, water, and the atmosphere.
All life forms on Earth
Law of Conservation of Energy
the law that states that energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed from one form to another
Energy stored due to an object's position or arrangement
Energy in motion
The distance an object travels per unit of time
How far an object moves
Speed equals distance divided by
the cause of an object to start moving, stop moving or change direction
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
Ridged outer layer of a plant cell that provides protection and support
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it's energy from.
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that cells are the basic units of organisms, and that cells come only from existing cells"
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood for distribution to body cells.
A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchange between the body and the environment, consisting especially of the nose, nasal passages, nasopharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
(aka cardiovascular system) This system works as the transportation highway for the body. It consists of the heart, blood, and blood vessels. It transports substances such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nutrients in the body.
Produces sex cells (sperm and eggs). Produces sex hormones (testosterone, estrogen). Nurtures the unborn baby (fetus).
A system that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed to provide a communication network within the human body.
the system of bones and skeletal muscles that support and protect the body and permit movement
a system of classification where organisms are grouped based on similar characteristics and traits
The process of grouping things based on their similarities
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three domains are Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya.