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Terms in this set (35)
Once in power, how did Mao strengthen his support from the lower class?
What did Mao do to industry and agriculture
It was nationalized
It was collectivized
What was Mao's biggest attempt to catch China up with the West?
The Great Leap Forward
What were people organized to in the great leap forward?
How did Communes work?
People worked together to become self sufficient and shared their possessions
What did Mao hope the great leap forward would do?
Help China reach the final stage of communism
Help China catch up with the west
What was the communist government's official slogan?
"Work hard for a few years, happiness for a thousand."
How did the great leap forward fail?
Food production was driven down
Starvation-15 million dead
After the great leap forward, what did Mao believe would achieve the final stage of communism?
A permanent revolution
What was the Little Red Book?
A collection of Mao's thoughts
What were the Red Guards?
Groups of young people who destroyed the "four olds"
What were the four olds?
Give examples of things the Red Guards destroyed
Temples, books written by foreigners, foreign music, old street signs
What color was the go light in Shanghai?
What was the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution also known as?
The cultural revolution
Who did the Red Guards attack?
Pro western artists and intellectuas
What book did Nien Cheng write?
What was it about?
Life and Death in Shanghai
What alienated some people from Mao's ideas?
The idea of constant revolution
Actions of the Red Guards
Who succeeded Mao?
What did he do?
Ended the cultural revolution
What were the 4 modernizations Deng Xiaoping called for?
After China's isolation under Mao, what did Deng Xiaoping do?
Invited foreign investors to china and allowed students to study abroad
How did Deng improve agriculture?
Tenant farmers could sell their excess crops and were allowed to make goods to sell
What rose during the 1980's in China?
Per capita income, including farm income, and industry
How did people complain about Deng's rule?
It didn't bring democracy
What caused an increase in the Chinese desire for freedoms?
Exposure to the outside world
What caused students to protest at Tiananmen square?
What were their demands
For aging Communist leaders to step down
What did Den Xiaoping believe the protesters at Tiananmen square were trying to do?
What did he do?
End communist rule
Sent in the army
What strained China's relations with the west?
Human rights violations, desire for Taiwan, growing military power
What kind of citizen did mao want to create?
One who was loyal to the state more than family
What rights did women get in communist China?
Equal marital rights and the right to participate in politics
What returned after Mao's death?
What was life like for the average citizen in post Mao china?
Better living conditions, more freedoms, more name choices, freedom of clothing
What did Mao's successors do to control population growth?
The one child policy
Where was the one child policy most successful?
What is the final stage of communism?
A classless society
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