New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut
Name the Middle Colonies:
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, Delaware
Name the Southern Colonies:
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Georgia
Religious group that fled England because of they wanted Religious freedom. They were persecuted because of their different religious beliefs.
settlement location of the Pilgrims in 1620
A route that exchanged goods between the west Indies, the American Colonies, and West Africa Slaves were part of this trade.
Large farms that used slave labor to grow cash crops [Southern Colonies]
How did the environment impact the economy in the New England Colonies?
-With bad rocky soil, New England settlers used other resources at their disposal to make a profit: Forests → lumber Oceans → fishing Good harbors → trading centers
How did the environment impact the economy in the Middle Colonies?
-access to natural resources allows them to make a profit - farming (wheat, oats, barley), lumber for shipbuilding, good natural harbors for trading
How did the environment impact the economy in the Southern Colonies?
-good soil for farming cash crops like tobacco, rice, indigo, and cotton
What was the environment like in the middle colonies?
Warm summers, cold winters, forests, fertile soil and moderate growing season
What was the environment like in the southern colonies?
Warm summers, very mild winters, very fertile soil, long growing season
These are the 3 major jobs in the New England Region
Fishing, Whaling Shipbuilding
This was the climate in the New England
Short Summers, Long Snowy Winters
This is what the soil in New England is like
This is the 1st Constitution in the Colonies
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
This is what the farms produced in the Middle Region
Oats, Wheat, Barley, Rye, Corn
This was the founder of Pennsylvania who established Pennsylvania for the Quaker Religion
These are the beliefs the Quaker Religion followed
Peacefulness & Equality for all
This is the major job in the Southern Region
Farming Tobacco & Cotton
This is the climate and soil in the Southern Region
Warm Climate with Good, Fertile Soil
This is what the farms produced in the Southern Region
A large farm that grows cash crops with lots of workers in the South
Someone who is forced to work on a plantation down South
This was the founder of Georgia
Transferring of slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, American colonies and the European colonial powers
1620, 1st document to establish representative (or self) government in the colonies
farming in which only enough food to feed one's family is produced
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
able to provide there own needs
Colonies established by agreement with British government.
A colony ruled by a governor who was appointed by the king or queen
The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in 1607
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
A form of Protestantism in which the believers were pacifists and would shake at the power of the word of the Lord
Great Britain gives land to an "owner", and the owner runs the colony for a profit.
Virginia House of Burgesses
the first Representative assembly in the American Colonies
Britain needed money to pay for the war with France.
Why were the colonists taxed by the British government?
French and Indian War
What war was going on that caused the British to feel the need to tax the colonists?
Who wins the French and Indian War?
Proclamation of 1763
Britain wanted to avoid conflict with Native Americans, so Colonists were forbidden to cross Appalachian Mountains. This is known as the?
Tax on legal documents, newspapers, wills, and basically every piece of paper used is called the?
They organize a boycott
How did the colonists react to the Stamp Act?
Who was appointed head of the Colonial Army?
Colonists had to provide food, housing, blankets, candles, etc. for the British soldiers.
No taxation without representation
Colonists did not feel they should be paying taxes to a government that was not hearing their voice. This is called?
To reject/refuse something to buy or participate
What is a boycott?
The Boston Tea Party
How do the colonists respond to the Tea Act?
What were people who supported the British called?
The Intolerable Acts
How does the British government respond to the Boston Tea Party?
The Sons of Liberty
Who participated in dumping the some 90,000 pounds of tea at the Boston Tea Party?
To seize weapons and ammunition
Main reason that the British were going to Concord
The part of the British government that makes the laws. Is like the United States Congress.
The buying and selling of goods, usually in large quantities
Person who wanted the colonies to declare independence from Britain/England.
A harsh, unfair leader
When one company controls all the sales of a product, such as the British East India Tea Company
Samuel Adams, John Adams, John Hancock
Leaders of the Sons of Liberty
Reasons people supported Loyalists
Believed king's power from God, that king was wise and experienced, that ordinary people did not know how to run a country. Felt Britain was a great empire, and did not wish to fight them. Pride.
Reasons people supported Patriots
Upset over loss of fair trials and voting rights, wanted free trade, less taxes, and believed in the rights of people to choose a fair leader.
American colonists who opposed British rule.
The official army of the colonies, created by second continental congress and led by George Washington.
Second Continental Congress
They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence.
A delegate to Congress; he became commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army and forced to surrender.
Treaty of Paris
The peace agreement that officially ended the revolutionary war and established Britain's formal recognition of the US.
Lord Charles Cornwallis
Commander of British troops in the South, best known for his defeat at the Battle of Yorktown.
Battle of Lexington
The first military engagement of the Revolutionary War. British soldiers fired into a much smaller body of minutemen who were blocking the road in a show of force.
Battle of Concord
Hundreds of minutemen met the British at the North Bridge, exchanged gunfire, and forced the redcoats to retreat to Boston.
July 4, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
He was a delegate from Virginia at the Second Continental Congress and wrote most of the Declaration of Independence.
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
A group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies
Not favoring either side
A refusal to buy certain goods
A formal request.
A person appointed or elected to represent others
(n.) an introduction to a speech or piece of writing
Indian Removal Act
Congress passed in 1830 which said Native Americans had to move west of the Mississippi River
Native Americans who lived in Georgia
John Ross (Marshall)
Chief Justice of Supreme Court who agreed with Cherokee and fought against the Indian Removal Act
President of US who decided to make Cherokee move and proposed the Indian Removal Act
State west of the Mississippi river where Cherokee were forced to move
number of Cherokee who died on the trip
Trail of Tears
the trip from Georgia to Oklahoma was named because of so many Cherokee dying
1800s belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent; Divine right from God to spread across the land
Trail of Tears
(1838-39) an 800-mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people
Science dealing with the relation of living things to their environment and to each other
the act of increasing (something) in this case, the country
a large migration of people to a newly discovered gold field
movement of individuals who carry an idea or innovation with them to a new, perhaps distant local
Trail from independence Missouri to Oregon used by many pioneers during the 1840s
First people to populate an area during migration
a treeless grassy plain
British practice to capture U.S. sailors and force them to perform tasks in British ships.
"The Star Spangled Banner"
Our nations National Anthem
Francis Scott Key
Author of "Star Spangled Banner"
Native American leader who receive helped from Canada to fight against settlers moving West.
President during the War of 1812.
3rd president of the United States who bought Louisiana from the French because we needed the port of New Orleans.
Ruler of France who needed to sell Louisiana to fight two wars.
Lewis and Clark
explorers who were chosen to explore Louisiana territory.
The deal with France that doubled the size of the United States costing only $15 million for 800,000 miles.
Corps of Discovery
the name of the exploration team that Lewis and Clark led, sent by Thomas Jefferson
a trip taken to explore and discover new territory.
a representative that Thomas Jefferson sent to France to acquire the port of New Orleans, LA.
the Native-American woman interpreter that helped the Corps of Discovery translate, and survive during the Lewis and Clark's expedition to the Pacific Ocean.
All-water route through North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific; did not exist
The location of Lewis and Clark's winter camp in present day South Dakota
The port of the Gulf of Mexico that Jefferson wanted access to
River that begins in the Rocky Mountains and flows to the Mississippi; Lewis and Clark explored it.
The city in Missouri from which Lewis and Clark began their expedition
Fugitive Slave Act
One part of the Compromise of 1850, this law stated that escaped slaves must be returned to masters even if they were in the North, and set harsh punishments for those assisting runaway slaves.
He was a slave who was taken to free territory. He sued for his freedom and the Supreme Court declared that slaves are property, not people.
First state to secede/leave the Union in 1860.
Secessionists and States Rights
These people believed that since the states voluntarily joined the Union, they can also choose to leave.
President of the U.S., 1861-1865
number 1 Cash Crop in the South in the 1800's.
Compromise of 1850
Law passed that gave North and South part of what they wanted. California admitted as free state, slave trade abolished in DC, and new fugitive slave law passed; advocated by Henry Clay and Stephen A. Douglas
1854 - Douglas: Created Nebraska (north) and Kansas (south) as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty. North disliked the Act and Southerners loved it.
Abolitionist involved in violence in Kansas. In 1859, he led a raid of a government arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, with the intention of arming slaves and starting a revolt. He became a hero of the abolitionists in the Civil War. Brown was considered a matryr by some and a madman by others.
Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party in the South was split over slavery. As a result, the South no longer felt like it had a voice in politics and a 11 states seceded from the Union.
Harriet Beacher Stowe
The author of the book Uncle Toms Cabin that persuaded people to want to end slavery.
Dred Scott Decision
Ruled slaves were property, not people with rights.
John Brown's scheme to invade the South with armed slaves, backed by sponsoring, northern abolitionists; seized the federal arsenal; Brown and remnants were caught by Robert E. Lee and the US Marines; Brown was hanged