US History Second Semester Exam
Terms in this set (40)
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites; primarily enforced in the South.
A law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages with the 18th Amendment; led to the growth of organized crime.
Gave women the right to vote
Amendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment
1925 trial in Tennessee on the issue of teaching evolution in public schools
Americans who opposed immigration
Inventor of Model T automobile. Used the assembly line to reduce time and cost of production.
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
A 1920s term used to describe a new type of young woman; rebellious, energetic, and bold
Stock Market Crash of 1929
speculation and credit brought stock market down on BLACK TUESDAY in 1929, started great depression.
President Herbert Hoover
President at the start of the Great Depression; believed that the economy would fix itself.
Franklin D Roosevelt
President that established the New Deal to help fix the Great Depression.
Franklin Roosevelt's economic reform program designed to solve the problems of the Great Depression; called for Relief, Recovery, and Reform.
Made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan to end WWII and save American soldiers from invading on land.
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people
The US and the Soviet Union were considered the strongest nations following WWII.
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
The term popularized by Churchill describing the divide in Europe between democratic and communist nations.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; military alliance of democratic countries
Alliance against democracy, supporting communism
Started when North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950; ended in a stalemate at the 38th parallel
the power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States after World War II; neither country directly fought the other.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
American couple executed for passing atomic secrets to Soviet agents
Screenwriters and film directors who refused to answer questions about their political beliefs. They were blacklisted.
Little Rock 9
a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Started when Rosa Parks refused to move for a white man on a bus.
Brown v. Board of Education
Court case in 1954 that ruled against segregation in public schools
President Kennedy prevented the Soviet Union's completion of missiles in Cuba with a ________.
If one country falls to Communism all countries would fall to Communism.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Granted Johnson broad military powers in Vietnam and caused the escalation of the war.
Operation Rolling Thunder
bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
a massive surprise attack by the Vietcong on South Vietnamese towns and cities in early 1968. This showed that the Vietcong were more committed to the war than American troops.
a massacre of hundreds of unarmed Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers during the Vietnam War
Communist rebels in South Vietnam who were supported by North Vietnam. They used guerrilla warfare.
Government documents that showed the public had been lied to about the status of the war in Vietnam
Rosie the Riveter
symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
Movement of African Americans from the South to the North for jobs.
Plessy v. Ferguson
"separate but equal" doctrine supreme court upheld the constitutionally of jim crow laws
March on Washington
1963 demonstration in which more than 200,000 people rallied for economic equality and civil rights. Led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act.