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Gym Final 2018
Terms in this set (96)
Warm up/Cool down
Principal of Overload
Exposing the muscles, joints, and cardiovascular and respiratory systems to more work and stress than is normally experienced
Principal of Specificity
The performance of specific exercises in order to improve specific components of physical fitness in specific body parts
Principal of Progression
A progressive increase in the level of exercise in order to sustain improvement in physical fitness
The 3 ways to achieve overload in a physical fitness program: frequency, intensity and time
Health Related Fitness Components
Components of physical fitness that can contribute to the operation of the systems of the body
Skill Related Fitness Components
Components of physical fitness that can contribute to the ability to successfully participate in sports
Cardiovascular Fitness /test
The ability of the heart, blood vessels, & respiratory system to supply oxygen & nutrients to the muscles during exercise. Health related; pacer/mile
Muscular Endurance /test
The ability to use muscles for a long period of time. Health related; sit ups
Muscular Strength /test
The ability of muscles to exert a force one time. Health related; push ups
The range of possible movements at various joints. Health related; sit & reach
Body Composition /test
The ratio of fat to muscle, bone, and other body tissues. Health related; skin fold test
The ability to keep an upright posture while either standing still of moving. Skill related; stork stand
The integration of eye, hand, and foot movements. Skill related; wall ball, juggling
Strength + speed. Skill related; Standing long jump, vertical jump
The ability to change the position & control the movement of the whole body. Skill related; shuttle run
Reaction Time /test
The amount of time needed to move once the senses signal the need to move. Skill related; yard stick test
The ability to cover a distance in a short time. Skill related; 40, 50, 100 yard dash
What fitness component is tested: Pacer
What fitness component is tested: Sit-up test
What fitness component is tested: Push-up test
What fitness component is tested: Sit & Reach
The more acceptable method of increasing flexibility
Stretching that involves bobbing, bouncing, or jerky movements that make use of the body's momentum
Stretching done in a continuous, slow, and controlled manner
A form of stretching in which the body is pushed beyond its initial limit
Target heart rate
Resting heart rate
Maximum heart rate
Football: Line of scrimmage
The spot where the ball rests at the beginning of each play.
All forward passes must be thrown from behind the line of scrimmage.
This was in the study guide idk what it means
Football: Field goal
A place kick over the crossbar of the goal posts worth 3 pts. This may be attempted at any time in the game.
Football: Touch down
When the offensive team advances the ball by running or passing past the goal line. This is worth 6 pts.
Football: Proper throwing technique
Step with the opposite foot, turn your shoulders and hips towards the target, arm is up in "L" position, whip arm forward to throw, the ball should spiral through the air
There are 4 quarters in a regulation football game.
Football: Zone defense
Every player is assigned a specific area to guard.
Football: Man to man defense
Every player on the field guards a specific player from the other team.
Soccer: Where should you strike the ball to lift (loft) it in the air?
Bottom half of ball
Soccer: Who wears a different colored uniform from the team?
Soccer: Direct free kick (restart kick)
A restart kick that can be kicked for a goal
Soccer: Indirect free kick (restart kick)
A restart kick where two players must make contact with the ball before scoring
Soccer: Penalty kick
Issued when an opposing player commits an intention foul in the penalty box. The ball is placed on the penalty ick mark and one player gets to try and score a goal one-on-one with the opposing teams' goalie. All other players must stand outside of the penalty box until the ball has been kicked
Soccer: Corner kick
Awarded when the defensive team kicks the ball completely over the end line (goal line). The ball is placed on the corner arc to kick while the rest of the team stands in the penalty box to try to score. You may score a goal directly from a corner kick.
Soccer: Goal kick
Awarded when the offensive team kicks the ball completely over the end line (goal line). The ball is placed at the top of the goal box to be cleared put of the defensive area.
Soccer: Playing times
Two 40 minute halves
Soccer: # of players
11 players. 4 defenders, 2 center mid-fielders, 2 outside midfielders (wings), 2 forwards, 1 goalie
Soccer: Off sides
Occurs when a player is closer to
Soccer: Yellow card
A warning issued to a player for misconduct.
Soccer: Proper way to shoot
Brining the ball out of the air or accepting a pass. A player should lock their ankle in an "L" position and cradle the ball as it comes closer to them
Soccer: Proper way to Pass
A player uses the inside of the foot with ankle locked in an up position. You should kick the middle of the ball.
Slow Pitch Softball: Positions on field
Slow Pitch Softball: Infield fly rule
When a fair fly ball (which can be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort) with first and second or first, second, and third are occupied with less than two outs the batter is automatically out.
Slow Pitch Softball: Tagging up
When a fly ball is caught by the fielders the runner on base must go back to the base they started on and tag up before advancing to the next base.
Slow Pitch Softball: Bunting
GEntly touching the ball instead of hitting
Slow Pitch Softball: Stealing
when a runner advances to a base to which he is not entitled and the official scorer rules that the advance should be credited to the action of the runner.
Slow Pitch Softball: Leading off
going a little off the base when a batter is going to hit
Slow Pitch Softball: Fielding a ground ball
When fielding a ground ball always get your body behind the ball and bend your knees. Your glove should touch the ground.
Slow Pitch Softball: # of innings
An official game consists of SEVEN innings. A game tied at the end of seven innings will continue until one team has more runs at the end of a complete inning.
Slow Pitch Softball: # of players
10 players play defense at one time.
Slow Pitch Softball: Base hit
Credited to a batter when he/she reaches first base safely on a hit without aid of an error, or by way of a fielder's choice or force play at another base.
Slow Pitch Softball: Walk
When the umpire calls four pitches "balls" (outside the strike zone and not swung on by the batter) the batter goes to first base.
Slow Pitch Softball: Fly ball
When a batter hits the ball into the air.
Slow Pitch Softball: Double play
Two outs are made on the same play.
Hockey: # of players
The standard game is played with two teams of six players each. A center, two wings (forwards), two defenders, and a goalie.
Hockey: General rules
Play the puck, not the opponent
Sticks must touch the floor at all times
Body Checking is forbidden
Play is continuous, Players should be in constant movement
when two opposing players face each other with their sticks on the floor at the center line. The must tap their sticks three times together and then go for the puck. Face-offs are used to start games and also after a team scores a goal.
Hockey: # of periods
hockey games consist of three periods
Hockey: Stick handling
Dribbling the puck with the stick
Use soft, short sweeps to dribble to puck
Keep your stick low for better control
Hockey: Slap shot
A slap shot is when a player raises their stick to their waist and "slaps" the puck quickly. Slap shots are not allowed!!
Hockey: Wrist shot
Sweep the puck with the stick and snap your wrist quickly. Only the wrist shot is allowed in floor hockey
Volleyball: Forearm pass (bump)
Usually the first contact of the ball after the serve. Players should bed their knees and slowly stand up as the make contact with the ball using their forearms
Usually the second contact. Players should use their finger pads raised above their chest to pass the ball high into the air to set up a spike. Again knees are bent and used to add power to a set
Usually the third contact of the ball. The ball should be struck with an open hand above the head in a downward motion
Defensive position to stop spiked balls. Both arms must raise above the head with fingers spread out. Players may not contact the net
Volleyball: Underhand serve
Good for beginners because it's more accurate, but no as powerful. Opposite foot is positioned in front with the ball in the same side hand. Using your dominant hand with an open palm or closed fist swing arm and strike ball below your waist
Volleyball: Overhand serve
Powerful way to serve. Opposite foot is positioned in front with the ball in the same hand. Toss the ball into the air above your head. Using your dominant hand strike the ball above your head
Volleyball: # hits per side
No more than three times
Volleyball: # players on team
6 players. 1 right back, 2 right front, 3 middle front, 4 left front, 5 left back, and 6 middle back. Rotate clockwise
A match is won by the first team to win 2 out of 3 games
A game is played to 25 points using rally scoring. Teams must win by at least 2 points
Volleyball: Rally scoring
A point is scored by a team every time the opponent commits a fault or it the ball lands in the opponent's court
Volleyball: Side out
When the serving team makes an error and the opposing team begins to serve
Basketball: Shooting a layup
idk what this is
Basketball: Bounce pass
Passing the ball by bouncing it on the . floor to an opponent
Basketball: Chest pass
Using two hands pass the ball to a teammates chest
Basketball: "Person-to-person" defense (man-to-man)
Type of defense where every player guards another player
Basketball: # of players
5 players. 1 center, 2 forwards, 2 guards
Basketball: Three point shot
When a player makes a basket outside the semicircle
Basketball: Free throw
Shot awarded to a fouled player
Basketball: Two point shot
When a player makes a basket inside the semicircle
Basketball: Jump ball
The game is started with this at the center circle. The official throws the ball into the air between one payer from each team and they try to out jump each other for the ball
Securing the ball after a missed shot
Basketball: Fast break
Moving the ball quickly down the court in order to score before the defense can set up
When the offensive team steals the ball while it is being passed
Once you have picked up the ball you must keep one foot stationary, but may spin around on it.
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