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Causes of the Civil War
Terms in this set (10)
•This divided Americans.
•The economy & political power of the South depended heavily on it.
•In the North, the Abolitionist movement had started. Abolitionists were people who worked to abolish, or end, slavery.
•Refers to the idea that the states should have more power than the Federal government.
•Southerners used this idea to justify their decision to secede, or to leave, the Union.
•Most Americans in the 1800's felt loyal to the region where they lived, rather than to the country as a whole.
•The idea grew strong during this time period because each section of the country had different lifestyles, social structures, customs and economies.
Compromise of 1850
•California wanted to join the nation as a free state.
•If California entered the Union as a free state, slave states would be outvoted in the Senate. Southerners threatened secession.
•Kentucky Senator Henry Clay offered a compromise: California would be admitted to the Union as a free state but there would be a stronger fugitive slave law.
Tariffs of 1828 & 1832
•put a high tax on foreign goods to protect industries in the North.
•The Southern economy was hurt when they had to pay higher prices on goods they did not produce.
•The South thought both of the tariffs were unconstitutional because they favored one section of the country over another.
•To "nullify" a law means to ignore it, not obey it, or not enforce it.
•This occurred when South Carolina refused to enforce the Tariffs of 1828 & 1832.
•President Jackson threatened to use military force if South Carolina refused to obey the tariff.
•South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union
•Each time there was a debate over admitting a new territory into the Union the issue of slavery would come up.
•In 1820, in an effort to keep the number of slave states and free states equal in Congress, this Compromise was passed.
•The compromise admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
•In 1857 the Supreme Court ruled:
•Dred Scott was not a citizen and therefore did not have the right to file a lawsuit
•The ruling sent a message that Congress did not have the right to outlaw slavery in any state
•The Court's decisions angered many groups especially the Abolitionists.
Kansas-Nebraska Act - "Bleeding Kansas"
•This Act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854.
•It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
•An abolitionist named John Brown killed 5 slavery supporters and newspapers named the incident "Bleeding Kansas" or the "Civil War in Kansas."
Election of 1860
•With the opposing party split, the Republican Party secured a majority of the electoral votes, and Abraham Lincoln became the 16th President of the United States.
•Before Lincoln's inauguration, seven slave-holding Southern states declared their secession from the U.S. and formed the Confederacy, ultimately sparking the American Civil War.
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