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Hymnic and Wisdom Final
Terms in this set (121)
Ability required to accomplish a task, in Hebrew an entity unto itself
Whybray's definition of wisdom
"Life skill", ability to conduct life in best possible way and to best possible effect
Hebrew word for wisdom
Sources of Wisdom
From the Lord, from creation, experience, wise teachers, prayer, study or work
Limits of Wisdom
Wisdom belongs to God, there are restrictions on how much/when wisdom is give to humans; it can't be found or bought (it belongs only to God- Job 28)
Proverbs are not _______________ or ___________________ promises
According to Jeremiah 18:18 there were three classes of wise men. These were:
Priest, prophet, and sage
Practical wisdom is found in which book?
Speculative wisdom is found in which 2 books?
Ecclesiastes and Job
True or False: wisdom literature was genre in Egypt and Mesopotamia before Israel
Explanation for similarities between wisdom in Proverbs and Amenomope?
Some secular wisdom becomes theological
Date of Proverbs
Started in time of Solomon, book grew over time, edited and supplemented later
Definition of Wisdom Literature
Genre common in ANE in which instructions for successful living are given or perplexities of human existence are contemplated
Forms of Wisdom Literature
Instruction, didactic poem (Egypt), Proverb, disputation/dialogue, reflective monologue, allegory, riddle, song
Purpose of Wisdom Literature
Live in harmony with God's created order
Hebrew Title of Proverbs
Mishle, "likeness, comparisons", 1st words of Proverbs
Greek Title for Proverbs
Paroimia, "parable, proverbs"
Vulgate Title for Proverbs
Liber Proverbiorium, "book of proverbs"
Authors of Proverbs
Solomon, Agur, King Lemuel, anonymous wise men (found in various headings)
Gunkel on Development of Proverbs
2 line wisdom sayings come first, longer discourses come later
McKane on Development on Proverbs
old wisdom was secular and new was Yahwehistic
Who are instruction genre writings often addressed to (ex. many Proverbs)?
Hubbard on Setting of Proverbs
Prepare men for places of government service in Israel, borrows from Egypt for youth
Why does it seem that Proverbs were written specifically to young men?
Proverbs focuses on how to avoid bad women and get a good wife
A brief, pungent maxim crystallizing experience
Frequent in Egypt, longer poem advocating course of action and giving motivations/reasons for taking advice
How many sections are there in Proverbs 1:8-9:18
4 Types of Fools Proverbs 1:22-23
Peti-naive, simple, open; kusil-dull, fool, insensitive to wisdom; 'ewil-hates wisdom, thick brained; ?-scoffer, arrogant, looks down on wisdom
There is an underlying assumption in Proverbs that wisdom is _______something we have naturally; we have to go and get it
Format of Proverbs 3
Flips back and forth between imperatives and motivations
In Proverbs 3, the root word of "aman" (trust or lean) comes from word for______________
In Proverbs 3 the "straight path" is better translated as ________________ path
Many wisdom sentences are _________________________
Evidence of Compilation of Proverbs
Authorship headers, ANE teachers were collectors as well as authors, some duplicate proverbs
Proverbs 10-15 may have all come together at once because...
They are all antithetic
Where is the refrain "My son" found in Proverbs?
Proverbs 10-31 are divided by _____________
Some of the attributes of lady wisdom in chapter 9 are repeated in what chapter of Proverbs?
31; they are applied to the ideal wife
Hermeneutic Principle of Proverbs
Must read multiple concerning same topic together; they are not meant to stand alone
Proverbs on God's Plans
19:21-they are certain; man's are not, God has one plan: 16:9 God's plan is carried out through the plans of man; 21:30- God's plan is certain despite man's opposition; 21:1 God controls Kings; 21: 31 God gives the victory; 16:33 God decides chance events
Proverbs on Child Discipline
22:15-discipline necessary; 22:6 train up child and they will not depart from it
Explanation of Proverbs 22:6
Big problem seems to be that experience contradicts it. Options for interpretation: could be tongue in cheek, could be not a promise but a solemn warning (this interpretation dates back to medieval times)
Proverbs on Benefits of Money
Benefits: 10:22- wealth alleviates, the blessing of the Lord brings it; 14:20-improves social life; 10:35 defense against calamity; 30:8b and 9b defense against temptation to steal
Proverbs on Limitations of Money
15:16 cannot satisfy spiritual needs, is fleeting; 3:14 not as good as money; 22:1 not as good as a good name; 11:4 cannot deliver from death; 11:24 will not cause you to flourish; and debt can enslave you and keep you from God
2 Things to Avoid (money)
Trusting in riches, debt
Proverbs on Obtaining Money
Not by unrighteous means 10:2, 1:13; not by laziness but by diligence, not by miserliness, not by indulging our appetites, not by hoping for easy money but by saving money
Proverbs on Marriage
Wife is valuable blessing from Lord; warns against quarrelsome, contentious life; warns against adulterous wife
When was acrostic about the valiant wife read?
At home on Sabbath
Options for wife of noble character
Real woman or allegorical for wisdom (does she exist or is she the ideal?)
Vs. 13-27 of acrostic about wife of noble character
Describes her activities
Reward prescribed for wife of noble character
Praise from children/husband/and others
Theme of Job
Universal theme: why do the righteous suffer?
Possible name meaning of Job, Hebrew yb means "enemy", may mean Job is God's enemy or God is Job's enemy
Means "return, repent"-possible name meaning for Job
Job's name according to Albright
Akkadian name from 2nd millennium that means "where is my father?"
Significance of fact that LXX version of Job is 400 lines shorter than older versions
It was abridged or translated before final Hebrew ed.
Was Job set in Israel?
Not necessarily, akkadian name seems to make the most sense; many rare words and unique grammar; Job from Uz
Possible author for Job
Hard to know for sure, possible date ranges 2000 years, some people say Moses
Traditional date for Job
Patriarchal time prd.
Arguments for early date of Job
Riches measured in things instead of in silver and gold; word for money used in Genesis and Joshua; Job has long age (140); priestly function; Paleo-Hebrew used
The book of Job is framed by passages that deal with ______________
Arguments for late date of Job
Use of the word Yahweh; priests are mentioned in 12:19; advanced legal procedures; term "the satan" only found in 1 Chron and Zech; aramaic words
Some people think that this feature of Job was added later to give the story a themed framework
Because he is the richest, most righteous man his character ______________ everyone
Wisdom Features of Job
Suffering theme, lament, rhetorical questions
Job counterbalances the _______________________
Theme of prologue Job
Is there such a thing as disinterested righteousness?
Job chapters 1-2 alternate between...
Earth and Heaven
In Ezek 14:14 Job seems to be historical because he is listed as an ancient...
Man of faith
Uz may have been near ____________ in the South or ______________ in the North
What title does the Lxx give Job?
What is unusual about Jobs character description at the beginning of the book?
It tells instead of showing
Euphemism for cursing God
What does Job lose first?
Oxes and donkey
When Job loses his things there is an alternating pattern between _______________ and _________________ attacks
How long do Jobs friends grieve with him?
The voice of Jobs wife
What does Job immediately curse in response to his situation?
The day he was born
How many speeches in Job
Who makes the fewest speeches in Job?
Length of speeches
Shorter in every cycle
Jobs 3 friends
Eliphaz, Bildad, Zaphar
Eliphaz is the most _________________________ of Jobs friends
Eliphaz source of truth
Bildads attitude towards Job
Zaphars reaction to Job
zealous, no compassion at all
Jobs friends speeches seem to be order by...
This was not presented as a solution to the suffering on Earth in Job
Life after death
Human searching can't find wisdom
In Jobs speeches in 29-31 he references this Egyptian motif from the book of the dead
Scale of justice
Job 31 emplos this ancient judicial practice
Where does Elihu enter the scene in Job
Elihus primary thesis
God is just so Job is at fault in some way
Youngest speaker in Job
High view of God has created one sided view...misses the personality of God
Job 38 Yahweh first speech
Tour of world and ways
Job's response to Yahweh's first speech
What mysterious creatures are mentioned in Yahweh's second speech?
Leviathan and Behemoth
Hebrew poetic feature of Yahweh's 1st speech
Yahweh tells Job to ________________ to him in 38
Job's response to Yahweh's second speech 42
Afforms God's sovereignty, confesses ignorance, admits new knowledge of God, retracts attitude
Solution to problem of suffering
You may not know exact reason but if you are angry with God/blame God you need new vision of God: God's actions can be mysterious but his character is consistent
Meaning of Qoheleth
One who gathers an assembly
Authorship of Ecclesiastes
Son of David and King of Jerusalem (probs Solomon), sometimes Hezekiah suggested
2 possible dates of Ecclesiastes
Kingdom period, post-exilic
Why was the canonicity of Ecclesiastes challenged at Jamnia?
Apparent contradictions of book
Hebel (36 out of 73x used in Ecclesiastes)
Vapor, empty, rain, useless, meaningless, absurd
Theme of Ecclesiastes
God's permanent but inscrutable plan, human limitations, enjoy what you have but don't go too far because God will judge
In the prologue of Ecclesiastes the idea of endless __________________ is introduced and illustrated by wind and water
The word "gain" is found ___________________ x in Ecclesiastes
Does Ecclesiastes have a high view of wisdom
No, wisdom is good but it ultimately fails
Prescription for dealing with failure of things to satisfy in Ecclesiastes
Eat, drink, and work
Ecclasties on after life
No one knows what happens after death...focus on life
Amal (30 x in Ecclesiastes)
Which wisdom book has seize the day perspective?
According to Ecclesiastes, what does death teach us?
Ponder our finitude/values/priorities, enjoy life, trust God, remember God, perceive sinful condition
Ecclesiastes 2 ways wisdom is thwarted
By being ignored, with a little folly
According to Ecclesiastes, how do you get wisdom?
Fear the Lord
Ecclesiastes concluding advice to youth
Enjoy life but remember presence of God; youth and vigor are fleeting
Ecclesiastes on old age
Depicts as storm moving in, compares old person to old house
Ecclesiastes final conclusion
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