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final exam | religion review
Terms in this set (62)
a sacramental, holy bond, binding until death, between a man and a woman and God in which a couple becomes a sign of Christ and the Church.
the process of listening to God in order to understand His call for your life
the universal call to holiness that we all received at our baptism
What is sainthood?
Sainthood is when your individuality reaches perfection.
Why does a nun wear a veil?
to symbolize that she is the "bride" of Christ himself rather than the bride of an earthly husband
What are the sacraments?
The sacraments are the visible ways that God expresses the invisible reality of his life in our lives.
What is the most often-repeated idea in the New Testament?
"Be not afraid"
Why is that you can always trust Jesus?
Jesus will always keep his promises and exceed your hopes and dreams. You can trust someone who has died for you.
the spiritual principle of a human person that is individual, created by God, and will exist forever
the God-given ability which makes it possible for humans to think, reason, and judge
the God-given freedom and ability to make choices on your own without being forced to choose or act in a certain way
the God-given ability that helps individuals judge whether actions are right or wrong; like an inner-voice. this is what moves you to know and follow the moral law, to do good, and avoid evil
any deliberate thought, word, deed, or omission that goes against moral law and offends God
a sin that weakens, but does not destroy a person's relationship with God. this sin lessens the love of God in your heart ad makes it more difficult to resist God
What is mortal sin?
a grave (very serious) sin by which someone turns completely away from God and breaks his/her relationship with God
What are the three conditions that must be met in order for a sin to be mortal?
-the matter involved must be very serious
-the person must know the action is serious and sinful (called sufficient reflection)
-the person freely chooses to commit the sin knowing it's wrong
What does a morally good act require?
"A morally good act requires the goodness of the object, the intention, and the circumstances together... One may not do evil so that good may result from it." If any of these things are not good, the whole decision is morally wrong.
Why are some acts always morally wrong?
Some acts, such as murder, are always wrong no matter what the intention or the circumstances because they go against the natural moral law.
the worth each person has because he/she is made in the image of God
the deliberate killing of another innocent person when the killing is not in self defense, it's always a mortal sin.
This is different that self-defense, which is the killing of an unjust aggressor in order to protect and defend your/others lives. It shows the contempt that the murderer has for human dignity as well as holiness and goodness of God
the deliberate killing of an unborn child. This is a mortal sin and the Church calls this "non-negotiable" ALWAYS AND IN EVERY CIRCUMSTANCE
comes from Greek and means "good death." the deliberate action or inaction which causes the death of someone who is sick, dying, or suffering for the purpose of alleviating suffering. this is a mortal sin and "non-negotiable" ALWAYS AND IN EVERY CIRCUMSTANCE
the sinful and destructive behavior by which a person deliberately leads, through his/her own action or inaction, another person to sin
What would you say to someone who thinks that a life is not worth living because that person is suffering or is dying?
All persons have dignity because they are created by God; therefore, all lives have value. It is NOT about what the person can do, it's about who they are.
Be able to explain what the Church's position known as right to life means.
The Church calls governments to protect the right to life of all persons, including the unborn as well as the terminally ill and aged. The Church also protects those who are sick or have serious disabilities. The Church has always been clear about protecting life from conception to natural death.
God created us with both a body and a soul. We are the only creatures God made in his image and likeness, made to love and be loved. Every human person is unique and unrepeatable.
the reality that Jesus, who is fully God, became fully man, saving humanity from the destruction caused by sin and death so that we can possess eternal life
someone who has lived a holy life, practiced virtue to a heroic degree, and a chosen to love God above all things
Who developed TOB and when?
St. John Paul II developed TOB in 1979-1984.
God created us with the ability to choose. This ability is necessary in order to be able to love
the loss of the four relationships and a wound to our humanity. It hurts our ability to know what is right, choose what is good, and to love
what is the meaning of God creating man and woman in His likeness?
This meant that when Adam and Eve loved one another, they would be like a model of the Trinity's love.
Why did God give Adam and Eve free will?
Love is not possible otherwise. Love is not love at all unless it is freely given.
Death came to four different relationships that had been perfect before sin. What were they?
-Man's relationship to nature
-a spiritual death, their relationship to their own souls
-Adam and eve's relationship to each other
-their relationship with God
he major teaching that the visible human body can reveal truths about the invisible human soul
The Language of the Body
How do you know when someone loves you?
It's because of what they do with their bodies. The language of their body tells what someone's inner feelings and ideas are.
Why is the fact that God became man such a big deal?
First, God was able to make visible His divine love through the actions of His visible human body. Second, the Incarnation also shows us what our humanity is supposed to look like.
Why did Jesus have to die for us?
If sin is total selfishness, the only way to destroy sin is to be totally unselfish. Love was the only thing that could stop the cycle of sin. By doing the opposite of what Jesus deserved, Jesus caused the opposite effect of what we deserve.
an act repeated so frequently that it becomes a natural part of one's character
a good habit that empowers human persons to love God and others freely
a bad habit that enslaves us to selfishness and sin; it robs us the power of love
God's free gift of divine life given to us through Jesus Christ, especially through the sacraments
the greatest of all sacraments; It is the "source and summit of our faith" When the priest says the prayers of consecration, the accidents of bread and wine remains, but the bread and wine truly become Jesus' Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity.
Why is practicing virtue so important?
It makes us free and happy because it fulfills who we are. You will never be freer or happier than when you do what is good because that is what you were made for.
Why is being comfortable with your vices so dangerous?
All vices are dangerous because they ensnare us in sin. The more evil increases, the less room in your soul there is for good.
What does CCC 1324 say about the Eucharist?
The Eucharist is the "source and summit of the Church's life."
Why is Reconciliation so important?
It helps us remain aware of the sins that have turned us away from Jesus and gives us the grace to move toward Him again.
the virtue that helps us use our bodies to express love in purity and truthfulness. It requires learning to love as God loves us. It helps us remember who we are
a vice that causes people to view others as objects for sexual use
presenting oneself in a way that expresses the virtue of chastity
the tendency to sin that we inherited from Original Sin
What is complementary?
The teaching that men and women are different and that each gender's unique, special characteristics bring about the best in each other.
What does the sacred bond of marriage actually reveal?
The marriage bond is so sacred that, it reveals how Christ has a special bond with us, the Church.
What did St. John Paul II say was the opposite of love?
he said it is not hatred, but use of another person
seeks nothing in return; it is pure charity and selflessness
the part of love that makes desire to be united with your loved one
sexual activity between a married person and someone who is not his/her spouse
sexual activity between people who are not married
photos, books, videos, websites, and magazines that display sexual poses, acts, and body parts for the purpose of arousing lust
What happens to a person biologically when one looks at pornographic images?
The human brain is changed when viewing pornographic images, It impairs your ability to bond and alters the way you view the opposite sex.
What is the purpose of dating?
to find a spouse
What do we have to remember about sex and boundaries?
Boundaries are given because sex is incredibly good and that goodness should be protected.
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