Upgrade to remove ads
Unit 7 Grade 5 History test
Terms in this set (55)
Between 1801 and 1861 - was encouraged as America underwent vast territorial _______________ and _________________.
Jefferson bought land from France, which doubled the size of the United States
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Merriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase and the Oregon Territory from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean
Spain gave this territory to the United States through a treaty
Added to the United States after it became an independent republic.
This territory was divided by the United States and Great Britain
War with Mexico resulted in _________________ and the southwest territory becoming part of the United States
This was often influenced by geography and economic opportunity
person who settles a new part of the country.
a journey made for a special purpose
to not take sides
machine that separates cotton from its seeds
an engine that is powered by the energy produced by steam
a state that did not allow slavery
belief that the United States had a right to expand its borders and claim new lands
a covered wagon that pioneers used to transport their belongings to the West
new group elected to Congress who wanted to go to war with Great Britain
a machine with sharp blades to cut grain
a person who changes words from one language to another
the British practice of capturing American sailors and forcing them to serve on British ships
he found and cleared the Cumberland Gap
Francis Scott Key
he wrote the Star Spangled Banner
he became a war hero in the Battle of New Orleans
this woman was hired as a translator and guide on an expedition to the west
this president bought the Louisiana Territory
he led the Corps of Discovery with William Clark
he explored the Rocky Mountains and has a mountain named after him
added more land to the United States in the area that is now the Midwest
Corps of Discovery
was formed to explore land and people in the Louisiana Territory
How did Florida become part of the United States?
Spain sold Florida to the United States
Why was the Embargo Act Passed?
The United States wanted to hurt France and Great Britain.
Why did the United States try to remain neutral in the war between Britain and France?
the United States wanted to trade goods with both countries
When Americans won the war of 1812.....
other countries realized that the United States was strong enough
How did the cotton gin affect the South?
More cotton could be grown and processed than before.
Why did people move from rural (country) areas to urban (city) areas during the 1800's?
Many people moved into the cities looking for work.
How did the National Road make it easier for people to move west?
It connected the East Coast with the West.
How did the Erie Canal affect trade?
The canal connected the West with the East Coast?
Why were railroads located near waterways such as rivers or large ports?
Railroads were often used to ship goods that arrived by boat.
How did the Missouri Compromise settle the problem of adding new states to the United States?
Two states were admitted to the union instead of just one.
How did the Supreme Court rule on the Indian Removal Act?
The court agreed with the Native Americans and declared the act illegal.
Why did the Cherokees call leaving their homeland the Trail of Tears?
Many Cherokees died while moving to Indian Territory.
How did manifest destiny influence pioneers?
American believed it was their right to move west and claim new lands.
Why did Texas become an independent country?
The United States was afraid to admit Texas to the union
How did the Industrial Revolution affect the U.S.?
--The Industrial Revolution affected work and transportation.
--It affected how goods were made
--It made more goods available, so prices went down
--Not as many workers were needed because machines did the work
--People moved from farms to cities to work in factories.
How did agriculture (farming) change during the beginning of the 19th century (the 1800's)?
The mechanical plow and John Deere's plow made it easier to plow the soil and plant the seeds. The reaper could harvest grain more quickly than it could be by hand.
How did lifestyle and culture influence people's attitudes toward slavery in the 1800's?
Many people moved to North to work in factories in factories built there, so businesses didn't need slaves. Plantation owners in the South still needed slaves to pick cotton, so life didn't change much there, since the owners had power.
Describe a pioneer's life on the trail West.
--trails were rough and guidebooks were unreliable
--weather could change quickly and have bad storms
--men drove oxen, repaired wagons, protected the family
--women cooked, set up camp, managed supplies, and educated and cared for children
--children helped around the camp and gathered buffalo chips
a line of wagon trains led west by an experienced guide
a way in which something is used
a person who lives in a country in which he or she was not born
people who moved to California in search of gold
a state where slavery was allowed
a large carriage pulled by horses that was used to carry passengers
pieces that could fit any specific tool or machine
a group of states that are ruled by one government
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Assessment: Manifest Destiny and Settling the West.
Social Studies Alive Manifest Destiny Test
Chapter 15 & 16 Study Guide
Unit 07 Study Guide: Westward Expansion…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Science Vocabulary Unit 1-8th Grade
Word Wisdom Unit 4 Lesson 2-8th Grade
Word Wisdom Unit 4 Lesson 1-8th Grade
Word Wisdom Units 1-3 8th Grade