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Judiscak Civics Final
Terms in this set (122)
an official representative of a country's government
A non-citizen living in a country temporarily for work, school, etc.
To change something, such as the articles of confederation
a bill that gives a certain amount of money to government programs to send
the part of the Constitution that explains how the government is set up
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
a written document allowing for the establishment of a colonial government
a community member that owes their loyalty to the government
the study of the rights and duties of a citizen
a group of people living in one place, but are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
an opinion written by a justice in the majority, but for different reasons
a written document and plan for governing people
an opinion written by a justice disagreeing with the majority
established legal procedures that must be followed in trials or arrests
something that a citizen is requires to do by law
a person appointed to vote in the Electoral College
authority of only one level of courts to hear and decide certain cases
includes cabinet departments, independent agencies and their workers
government system where power is shared between the national and state levels
any type of crime in which the maximum punishment is over 1 year in jail
the act of talking a bill to death
the ruling authority of a community or society which provides protection
a group of people that examine evidence and decide if a trial should take place
a person who permanently moves to a new country
accusing a government official of misconduct
a formal charge brought against a person in a serious crime by a grand jury
power to say whether laws or actions are unconstitutional
a law-making group of people
the legal process by which a person becomes a U.S. citizen
authority of a court to hear a case for the first time
a person hired by the president to a federal position
a group of voters with common interests who want to control the government
the part of the Constitution that explains the purposes of the new government
election in which candidates are chosen to run in the presidential election
the redistribution of representatives amounts the states following a census
to send a case back to a lower court to be tried again
the postponement of a person's punishment by the president
the act of refusing to sign a bill
the right to choose who will run the government
What is the 2nd step of the naturalization process?
live in the U.S. for 5 years
What is the 5th step of the naturalization process
pass a citizenship exam
countries south of the U.S. that speak a Romance language
Latin American Countries
What are duties of American citizens?
-serving on a jury
-obeying the laws
What is a Constitutional Federal Republic mean?
that we follow a constitution, divide power between national and state levels, and the people decide who rules them
What are todays Democrats for and against?
for - same-sex marriage and allowing abortion
against - carrying concealed weapons
What are todays Republicans for and against?
for - carrying a concealed weapon
against - abortions and same-sex marriage
What are the requirements for Illinois voters?
- U.S. citizen
- 18 years old by election day
- registered voter
What have been the 5 major political parties throughout our countries history?
Which president came from the Federalist party?
Which presidents came from the Democratic-Republican party? (that we talked about)
-John Quincy Adams
Which presidents came from the Democrat party? (that we talked about)
-John F. Kennedy
Which presidents came from the Whig party? (that we talked about)
Which president came from the Republican party? (that we talked about)
What were the ideas of Federalists?
that the national government should have the majority of the power
What were ideas of the Democratic-Republicans?
that states should have individual power
What were ideas of the past Democrat party?
farming, no industrialization, pro-slavery
What were ideas of the Whig party?
What were ideas of the past Republican party?
How many people live in the U.S.?
over 300 million
What is the largest Christian group in the U.S.?
Which gender is the most populous in the U.S.?
What are legal aliens allowed to do?
What are legal aliens not allowed to do?
can't run for political office
What are legal aliens required to do?
What documents were made at the Second Continental Congress?
-Olive Branch Petition
-Declaration of Independence
-Articles of Confederation
What helped to persuade people to ratify the Constitution?
the Federalist Papers
How many states needed to ratify the Constitution?
What are the 3 colony groups?
Which colonies are in the New England region?
Which colonies are in the Mid-Atlantic region?
Which colonies are in the Southern region?
What is the Great Compromise?
a solution that called for a bicameral legislature and satisfied both large and small states
What was the Constitutional Convention?
a meeting to discuss changes to the Articles of Confederation that resulted in the Constitution
What powers were given to the national government in the Articles of Confederation?
power to borrow money
What powers were not given to the national government in the Articles of Confederation?
power to collect taxes
1st permanent English settlement
Used to prevent each part of the government from abusing their power
Checks and balances
What are the purposes said in the Preamble?
-provide for the common defense
-promote the General Welfare
What does Article 4 talk about?
-process of creating new states
-says states must respect each others laws
What does Article 5 talk about?
how the Constitution can be amended
What did amendment 16 do?
Ability to collect income taxes
What did Amendment 19 do?
said people cannot be denied the right to vote based on gender; women could vote
What did amendment 22 do?
Limited the presidential terms to 2 terms or 10 yrs
What did Amendment 23 do?
gave citizens of Washington D.C. 3 electoral votes
What did Amendment 26 do?
lowered voting age from 21 to 18 year old
What does Amendment 6 do?
-right to a lawyer
-right to know charges being brought against you
-right to trial by jury
-right to call and question witnesses
-right to a speedy and public trial
What court cases discussed freedom of speech?
-Tinker vs Des Moines
-Texas vs Johnson
What court cases discussed freedom of religion?
-Wisconsin vs Yoder
-Engel vs Vitale
Which court cases discussed freedom of assembly?
Cox vs New Hampshire
Which court cases discussed freedom of press?
Hazelwood School District vs Kuhlmeier
What did Amendment 10 do?
gave stated reserved powers, the national government expressed powers, and both state and national governments concurrent powers
What did Amendment 5 do?
-right to due process of law
-protection from double jeopardy
-right to remain silent
-right to indictment by grand jury
-limits eminent domain
What did the Free Exercise Clause do?
said citizens can practice their religious faith as they choose
Reasons for the Bill of Rights (2)
-compromise between federalists and anti federalists
-to protect the people's civil liberties
What are the powers of the House of Representatives?
-elects the presidents if no candidate has a majority of electoral votes
What are the characteristics of the House of Representatives?
Total number doesn't change, elected by the people, number of representatives is based on state population
What do Committees do?
enables ideas to be researched by specialized Congress members
What are committee assignments based on?
-loyalty to political party
Who is our Representative in Congress?
Who are our Senators in Congress?
How much of Congress needs to vote for a cloture?
How much of Congress needs to vote to override a veto?
Who is the Speaker of the House?
Who is the President Pro Tempore?
How many electoral votes are there?
How is the electoral votes determined for each states?
based on that states population and members in Congress
What are the jobs of the Chief Executive?
-choose cabinet members
-has the ability to pardon and reprieve
What is the job of the Economic leader?
Plans budget for the country
What is the job of the Head of State?
-host foreign leaders
What is the presidential Line of Succession (position and names)
1. Vice President - Mike Pence
2. Speaker of the House - Paul Ryan
3. President Pro Tempore - Orrin Hatch
4. Secretary of State - Rex Tillerson
5. Secretary of Treasury - Steven Mnuchin
What happens in November, December, and January during the year of the presidential election?
November - presidential election
December - members of the Electoral College meet and cast their votes
January - members of Congress count the electoral votes
What the the Department of the Interior do?
manages and protects public lands and natural resources
What does the Department of Homeland Security do?
provides protection from terrorism
What does Article 3 do?
-gave one highest court in the nation called the Supreme Court
-lower courts to be set up by Congress
-determined jurisdiction of the courts
Which Supreme Court Court Cases had a unanimous vote?
-Marbury vs Madison
-Brown vs Board of Education
-Gideon vs Wainwright
-United States vs Nixon
What Supreme Court Case established judicial review
Marbury vs Madison
What are the 3 jobs of the Supreme Court judges?
-choose the cases to hear
-write opinions on each case
Which Supreme Court justice is African American?
Which Supreme Court justice is the youngest?
Which Supreme Court justice in the Chief Justice?
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 do?
-established the original number of Supreme Court Justices
-established U.S. Marshal position
-created 13 District Courts
-created writs of mandamus
What part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was ruled unconstitutional?
writs of mandamus
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