5th grade Social Studies

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Terms in this set (...)

Middle Colonies
part agriculture, part industrial
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delware
Southern Colonies
mostly agriculture
Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina,South Carolina, Georgia
Church of England
national religion of England
cash crop
crop grown for profit
indentured servant
a person who agrees to work for free for a certain period of time in return for their freedom
Tobacco
cash crop
House of Burgessess
group of elected officials to help make the laws in Jamestown,beginning of self government for the English colonies
Atantic Slave Trade
the business of forcing Africans to the colonies in North and South America to work
French and Indian War
fought over control of Ohio River Valley
Britain gained more land in North America
Britain go control of land that belong to Native Americans
Britain imposed taxes to pay for the war
Stamp Act
tax on all newspapers, legal documents, playing cards
Patrick Herny
lawyer who made a speech to King George III that said Britain had to right to tax the colonist
Said " give me liberty, or give me death"
Sons of Liberty
Samuel Adams organized a group of men to protest the Stamp Act
repeal
means to cancel
tariff
tax placed on goods that are imported
Boston Massacre
pushed the colonists closer to war, British soldiers shot into a crowd and killed 5 colonists
Tea Act
act said that the only company allowed to sell tea to the colonist would be the East India Company
Boston Tea Party
group of colonists dressed as Indians through all the tea in the harbor
First Continental Congress
important meeting between all the colonies, 12 met in Philadelphia, included George Washington, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Samuel Adams
Intolerable Acts
*no ships were allowed to enter or leave the port of Boston until the colonists paid for the tea they through overboard
Battle of Lexington and Concord
marked the beginning of the Revolution
patriot
colonist who supported the cause of independence
Paul Revere
rode through the towns of Lexington and Concord shouting " the British are coming"
Second Continental Congress
agreed to create a army
representatives from each of the 13 colonies
Led by George Washington
preamble
Thomas Jefferson wrote the beginning of the Declaration Independance
Declaration of Independance
written by Thomas Jefferson
amendent
something that is added to the orginal
Articles of confederation
the United States plan of government that was used from 1781-1789
Battle of Saratoga
often called the turning point in the American Revolution
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution
boycott
to refuse to buy something to express disapproval or create change
California Gold Rush
a period of time between 1849 and 1860 when thousands of people from around the world came to find gold and strike it rich
colony
a settlement far from the country that governs it
conductors
the people who aided the runaway slave on their way north
Continental Army
army made up of soldiers from the thirteen colonies
Declaration of Independence
a document that explained what the colonists believed in and why they wanted to be independent of British rule
delegate
a representative of a state
electoral college
the body that elects the president of the United States
executive branch
part of the United States government that includes the president
fort
a small strong building for soliders
forty-niners
people who came to california in 1849 in search of gold
frontier
the unsettled part of a country
House of Burgess
1619- The Virginia House of Burgess formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
immigrate
a person from one country who goes to live in another country
Indian removal act
the United States government action that forcibly moved indians to lands west
intolerable
unacceptable
Jamestown
first permanent settlement
judicial branch
Decides if a law is constitutional
Manifest Destiny
belief that America was destined to expand to the Pacific, and possibly into Canada and Mexico
legislative branch
part of the government that includes the senate and the House of Representatives. They make laws
Mayflower Compact
written agreement made among the pilgrims on board the Mayflower
mercenaries
paid soldiers from one country who fight for another country
militia
a volunteer army
minutemen
members of the militia who were ready to fight with only a moments notice
neutral
to not take a side in a fight
pioneers
people who are the first to settle in a region
Northwest Territory
Rainy area of land that became Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin. Used cedar bark and totem poles.
puritans
a group of people who disagreed with the Church of England
ratify
to approve
Lost Colony/ Roanoke
the first settlement in north america
separatists
people who wanted to break away from or separate from the Church of England
shot heard around the worls
first gunshot of American Revolution
Battle of Yorktown
ended the Revolutionary War
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
Treaty of Paris
marked the official end of the war
United States Constitution
a government document that tells exactly what each branch of government is allowed to do
Wampanoag
helped the Pilgrims make a peace treaty
Budget
plan for spending money
checks and balances
each branch of government checks on the other, the power is balanced between them
Levee, dam, canal
Manmade features
Wood, water, minerals
Natural resources

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