Essentials Exam Review
Terms in this set (70)
outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
muscular middle layer of the uterus
inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
finger-like projection at the free end of the uterine tube
The opening to the uterus
External sac that contains the testes
Stores sperm cells
adds an alkaline fluid to the semen
two small glands that secrete testosterone and produce sperm
produces preejaculatory fluid
abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
swelling of the skin caused by deposits under the skin
abnormally low level of sugar in the blood
A hormone secreted by the pancreatic alpha cells that increases blood glucose concentration
Female sex hormone
Male sex hormone
Increases the contractions of the uterus during birth and promotes the release of breast milk
secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation
A hormone produced by the ovaries which acts with estrogen to bring about the menstral cycle.
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland which aids in water reabsorption by the kidney
Minerals that help maintain the body's fluid balance
overdevelopment of breast tissue in males
Hypersecretion of growth hormone causes
a complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria
an abnormal discharge, such as mucus or pus, from the uterus
a female's first menstrual cycle.
painful menstrual flow
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe.
Shortness of breath, wheezy and coughing
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
It is the tiny sac like structure present in the lungs which the gaseous exchange takes place.
hyperthyroidism with toxic goiter
caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of cortisol
stimulates the maturation of lymphocytes into T cells of the immune system
chronic autoimmune form of thyroiditis, results in hyposecretion of thyroid hormones
Cabergoline/bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)
insulin is not secreted adequately or tissues are resistant to its effects
antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or the kidney is resistant to its effect
follicle stimulating hormone
stimulates production of ova and sperm
enlargement of the extremities
occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive information.
Carry impulses away from the cell body
A neurotransmitter that enables learning and memory and also triggers muscle contraction
a simple, automatic response to a sensory stimulus, such as the knee-jerk response
A layer of electrical insulation that surrounds the axon.
CNS (central nervous system)
brain and spinal cord
PNS (peripheral nervous system)
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the CNS to the rest of the body
ANS (autonomic nervous system)
a division of the PNS that controls involuntary body functions
sympathetic nervous system
fight or flight
parasympathetic nervous system
the division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body, conserving its energy
Area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body
A large structure of the hindbrain that controls fine motor skills.
brain region controlling the pituitary gland
structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; includes the medulla oblongata and the pons
relays messages between lower brain centers and cerebral cortex
A disorder of the central nervous system that affects movement, often including tremors.
Progressive degeneration of the brain that ultimately results in dementia.
An abnormal condition marked by multiple cognitive defects that include memory impairment.
Costo-vertebral Angle tenderness; tenderness over the kidney's
inability to speak
chronic brain disorder due to paroxysmal excessive neuronal discharges
sudden disturbance in brain function sometimes producing a convulsion