Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads


band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally. May form in muscles & internal organs as the result of injury or surgery

muscle atrophy

weakness & wastin away of muscle tissue; may be caused by pathology or disuse of the muscle over a long period of time


muscle tenderness or pain


degeneration (breaking down) of muscle tissue


inflammation of a muscle tissue, especially skeletal muscles


chronic, progressive disease affecting the skeletal muscles that is characterizd by muscle weakness & atrophy


abnormal softening of muscle tissue


rupture of a muscle


abnormal hardening of the muscle


protrusion of a part or structure trough the tissues normally containing it


protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia


lack of normal muscle tone


condition of abnormal muscle tone


condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles w/ an increased resistance of muscle to passive stretching


condition of diminished tone of the skeletal muscles w/ decreased resistance of muscle to passive stretching


delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction (similar to a cramp)


inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement


aka-partial ataxial; difficulty in controlling voluntary movement


abnormal shortening of muscle tissues, making the muscle resistant to stretching

intermittent claudication

complex of symptoms including cramp-like pain of the leg muscles caused by poor circulation. It may indicate a larger CV problem


aka cramp; sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles

spasmodic torticollis

aka wryneck; stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head towards the affected side


extreme slowness of movement


distortion or impairment of voluntary movement as in a tic or spasm


aka hyperactivity; abnormally increased motor function or activity


abnormally decreased motor function or activity

tardive dyskinesia

late appearance of dyskinesia as a side effect of long-term treatment with certain antipsychotic drugs


spasm or twitching of a muscle or a group of muscles

nocturnal myoclonus

jerking of the limbs that may occur normally as a person is falling asleep


aka hiccups; myoclonus of the diaphragm that causes the hiccup sound w/ each spasm;


muscle weakness from any cause

Myasthenia Gravis

aka MG; chronic autoimmune disease in which there is an abnormality in the neuromuscular function causing episodes of muscle weakness; affect muscles that control eye movement, eyelids, chewing, swallowing, coughing & facial expression

Muscular Dystrophy

group of inherited muscle disorders that cuase muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system

Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy

appears from two to six years of age & progresses slowly. Survival rare beyond the late twenties

Becker's Muscular Dystrophy

less severe illness and doe snot appear until early adolescence or adulthood; survival middle to late adulthood

Fibromyalgia Syndrome

chronic disorder of unknown cause, characterized by widespread aching pain, tender points and fatigae; aka FMS; is not progressive & is not crippling

Tender Points

abnormal localized areas of soreness; are important diagnostic indicators of FMS; these points occur @ predictable locations @ the base of the neck, along th backgbone, in front of the hip & elbow & @ the rear of the knee and shoulder.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording