band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally. May form in muscles & internal organs as the result of injury or surgery
weakness & wastin away of muscle tissue; may be caused by pathology or disuse of the muscle over a long period of time
muscle tenderness or pain
degeneration (breaking down) of muscle tissue
inflammation of a muscle tissue, especially skeletal muscles
chronic, progressive disease affecting the skeletal muscles that is characterizd by muscle weakness & atrophy
abnormal softening of muscle tissue
rupture of a muscle
abnormal hardening of the muscle
protrusion of a part or structure trough the tissues normally containing it
protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia
lack of normal muscle tone
condition of abnormal muscle tone
condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles w/ an increased resistance of muscle to passive stretching
condition of diminished tone of the skeletal muscles w/ decreased resistance of muscle to passive stretching
delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction (similar to a cramp)
inability to coordinate the muscles in the execution of voluntary movement
aka-partial ataxial; difficulty in controlling voluntary movement
abnormal shortening of muscle tissues, making the muscle resistant to stretching
complex of symptoms including cramp-like pain of the leg muscles caused by poor circulation. It may indicate a larger CV problem
aka cramp; sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles
aka wryneck; stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head towards the affected side
extreme slowness of movement
distortion or impairment of voluntary movement as in a tic or spasm
aka hyperactivity; abnormally increased motor function or activity
abnormally decreased motor function or activity
late appearance of dyskinesia as a side effect of long-term treatment with certain antipsychotic drugs
spasm or twitching of a muscle or a group of muscles
jerking of the limbs that may occur normally as a person is falling asleep
aka hiccups; myoclonus of the diaphragm that causes the hiccup sound w/ each spasm;
muscle weakness from any cause
aka MG; chronic autoimmune disease in which there is an abnormality in the neuromuscular function causing episodes of muscle weakness; affect muscles that control eye movement, eyelids, chewing, swallowing, coughing & facial expression
group of inherited muscle disorders that cuase muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
appears from two to six years of age & progresses slowly. Survival rare beyond the late twenties
Becker's Muscular Dystrophy
less severe illness and doe snot appear until early adolescence or adulthood; survival middle to late adulthood
chronic disorder of unknown cause, characterized by widespread aching pain, tender points and fatigae; aka FMS; is not progressive & is not crippling
abnormal localized areas of soreness; are important diagnostic indicators of FMS; these points occur @ predictable locations @ the base of the neck, along th backgbone, in front of the hip & elbow & @ the rear of the knee and shoulder.
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