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43 terms

Beach-World History chapter 10

STUDY
PLAY
sultan
ruler of a small state in India
sultanate
kingdom in India
Tamerlane
Mongol warrier from Russia; destroyed Delhi killing thousands (both Hindu and Muslim)
Babur
first in a line of Mogul/Mongol rulers-established Mogul dynasty
Akbar
one of greatest Mogul rulers; grandson of Babar; emperor @ 13 yrs old; expanded empire; set up civil service; taxed fairly & spent wisely; tolerant of other religions-sympathetic to Christians
civil service
employees trained in gov't administration
Shah Jahan
Akbar's grandson; built Taj Mahal; Mogul empire reached its highest point; forced from throne by his son
Taj Mahal
beautiful building constructed by Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife
Aurangzeb
forced his father (Shah Jahan) from the throne; strict Muslim who was NOT tolerant of other religions (especially Hindus); empire fell apart
Code of Manu
book in Sanskrit that was a guide to the proper behavior of each caste
suttee
wife was expected to die in her husband's funeral fire
Vedic Age
from 1500-1000BC; named after prayers and holy songs of Hinduism; women in India had more freedoms than in later time periods;
polygamy
practice of having more than one wife
polyandry
practice of having more than one husband
purdah
wearing of heavy veils by women
untouchables
lowest level of people; "dirtiest" jobs
Brahmins
priestly/highest caste; had many privileges; only people who could read and write; rich and powerful
caste system
strict rules about food, dress, social behaviors that was a part of everyday Indian life
factors that influenced every day life in India
family (#1); the caste system; the village
job/career of most Indians
farming (and trade)
math discoveries of ancient India
arabic numerals, Pythagorean theorem, decimals and rotation of the earth
scientific discoveries of India
chemistry and technology: steel, soap making, dyeing of cloth, tanning leather, blowing glass, cement; medicine: circulation of blood in the human body
major religions that began in ancient India
Hinduism and Buddism
Vedas
religious songs and poems memorized by priests and passed down
epic
long poem that descibes the deeds of a hero
Indian epics
Mahabharata-ancient heroes/gods; Ramayana-adventure stories/virtues; Panchatantra-fables
fable
short tale that tries to teach a lesson
archipelego
long chain of islands
monsoons
heavy seasonal rains of a tropical climate
Burma
country closest to India in which people migrated to SE Asia; first to accept Buddhism
Thailand
once called Siam; settled by people from northern China; kept independence when Europeans colonized others
The King and I
book written by an Englishwoman who taught King Monghut's children
Indochina
Laos, Vietnam, Kampuchea
Indonesia and Malaysia
islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali and parts of Borneo; Hindu important early religion-Islam later became major religion
Philippines
settled later by people from mainland China; Islam was always major religion
Mahmud of Ghazni
Muslims leader who invaded India, became sultan and terrorized the people
Delhi
capital city of India, set up by Muslim invaders
Duties of Indian women
prepare food, take care of children, run household
duties of Indian men
work in fields or trade
duties of children
work in fields with adults; pray for parents
rulers/warriors
underneath Brahmins in the caste system
merchants/herders
underneath rulers/warriors in the caste system
servants
underneath merchants/herders in the caste system