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ruler of a small state in India


kingdom in India


Mongol warrier from Russia; destroyed Delhi killing thousands (both Hindu and Muslim)


first in a line of Mogul/Mongol rulers-established Mogul dynasty


one of greatest Mogul rulers; grandson of Babar; emperor @ 13 yrs old; expanded empire; set up civil service; taxed fairly & spent wisely; tolerant of other religions-sympathetic to Christians

civil service

employees trained in gov't administration

Shah Jahan

Akbar's grandson; built Taj Mahal; Mogul empire reached its highest point; forced from throne by his son

Taj Mahal

beautiful building constructed by Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife


forced his father (Shah Jahan) from the throne; strict Muslim who was NOT tolerant of other religions (especially Hindus); empire fell apart

Code of Manu

book in Sanskrit that was a guide to the proper behavior of each caste


wife was expected to die in her husband's funeral fire

Vedic Age

from 1500-1000BC; named after prayers and holy songs of Hinduism; women in India had more freedoms than in later time periods;


practice of having more than one wife


practice of having more than one husband


wearing of heavy veils by women


lowest level of people; "dirtiest" jobs


priestly/highest caste; had many privileges; only people who could read and write; rich and powerful

caste system

strict rules about food, dress, social behaviors that was a part of everyday Indian life

factors that influenced every day life in India

family (#1); the caste system; the village

job/career of most Indians

farming (and trade)

math discoveries of ancient India

arabic numerals, Pythagorean theorem, decimals and rotation of the earth

scientific discoveries of India

chemistry and technology: steel, soap making, dyeing of cloth, tanning leather, blowing glass, cement; medicine: circulation of blood in the human body

major religions that began in ancient India

Hinduism and Buddism


religious songs and poems memorized by priests and passed down


long poem that descibes the deeds of a hero

Indian epics

Mahabharata-ancient heroes/gods; Ramayana-adventure stories/virtues; Panchatantra-fables


short tale that tries to teach a lesson


long chain of islands


heavy seasonal rains of a tropical climate


country closest to India in which people migrated to SE Asia; first to accept Buddhism


once called Siam; settled by people from northern China; kept independence when Europeans colonized others

The King and I

book written by an Englishwoman who taught King Monghut's children


Laos, Vietnam, Kampuchea

Indonesia and Malaysia

islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali and parts of Borneo; Hindu important early religion-Islam later became major religion


settled later by people from mainland China; Islam was always major religion

Mahmud of Ghazni

Muslims leader who invaded India, became sultan and terrorized the people


capital city of India, set up by Muslim invaders

Duties of Indian women

prepare food, take care of children, run household

duties of Indian men

work in fields or trade

duties of children

work in fields with adults; pray for parents


underneath Brahmins in the caste system


underneath rulers/warriors in the caste system


underneath merchants/herders in the caste system

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