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one of greatest Mogul rulers; grandson of Babar; emperor @ 13 yrs old; expanded empire; set up civil service; taxed fairly & spent wisely; tolerant of other religions-sympathetic to Christians
Akbar's grandson; built Taj Mahal; Mogul empire reached its highest point; forced from throne by his son
forced his father (Shah Jahan) from the throne; strict Muslim who was NOT tolerant of other religions (especially Hindus); empire fell apart
from 1500-1000BC; named after prayers and holy songs of Hinduism; women in India had more freedoms than in later time periods;
priestly/highest caste; had many privileges; only people who could read and write; rich and powerful
strict rules about food, dress, social behaviors that was a part of everyday Indian life
math discoveries of ancient India
arabic numerals, Pythagorean theorem, decimals and rotation of the earth
scientific discoveries of India
chemistry and technology: steel, soap making, dyeing of cloth, tanning leather, blowing glass, cement; medicine: circulation of blood in the human body
Mahabharata-ancient heroes/gods; Ramayana-adventure stories/virtues; Panchatantra-fables
once called Siam; settled by people from northern China; kept independence when Europeans colonized others
Indonesia and Malaysia
islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali and parts of Borneo; Hindu important early religion-Islam later became major religion
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