47 terms

ELL History Ch 19-Industrial Revolution

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economics
having to do with business and money
factory
a place where people work with machines to produce goods
produce
to make something
industry
producing things with machines
capital
money used to make more money; money used to start a business
natural resources
things such as coal, ore, and water that come from nature
ore
a rock that contains metal
Industrial Revolution
the important changes that took place in the way work was done during the 18th and 19th century
England
place where the Industrial Revolution began
revolution
big change
power
strength
invention
new thing that has been created for the first time
textile
cloth that workers weave from cotton, silk or wool
shuttle
part of a weaving machine that carries the thread from one side to the other
spindle
twists thread into yarn
spinning jenny
spinning wheel with eight spindles
manufacturer
a person who hires people to work with machines to make something to sell
cotton gin
machine that allowed workers to separate seed from cotton very fast
export
to send a product out of one country and into another to sell
thread
a small string of cloth
fiber
a thread of cotton, silk, wool or other material
mass production
a way of making large amounts of the same thing in a factory
assemble
to put the parts of something together
identical
exactly the same
impurities
things in iron that cause it to break down easily
coke
very pure coal
steel
a very strong type of iron
transportation
the movement of people, natural resources and things from one place to another
locomotive
a self-propelled vehicle that runs on rails
canal
man-made waterway
efficient
not wasting time or energy
mine
hole in the ground where people take out coal
boiler
tank that heats water
pressure
a force produced by pressing on something
raw materials
materials such as cotton, wood, iron, and oil that workers use to make things
village
small town
workshop
another name for a factory
merchant
a person who sells things
skill
a talent
mill
another name for a factory
injure
to hurt someone or to hurt oneself
labor union
an organized group of workers who try to improve the working conditions in a factory
sanitation
the process of dealing with human waste
improve
make something better
property
something that is owned, usually land
internal combustion engine
an engine that burns gasoline to produce power
vote
to choose, usually a political leader