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14 terms

intro to bacic computer skills

STUDY
PLAY
hardware
(computer science) the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system
imput device
used to enter information into the computer. Examples are keyboard, joystick, modem, mouse, scanner, voice recognition, touch screen, microphone, light pen, and stlus.
output device
displays or prints information produced by a computer. Printers and monitors are examples of output devices. A printer produces a hard copy output while a monitor produces a soft copy output.
ROM
(computer science) memory whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed
CPU
(computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing
super computer
the largest and fastest computers
software
(computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory
computer
a machine for performing calculations automatically
mainframe
(computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing
operating system
(computer science) software that controls the execution of computer programs and may provide various services
storage device
a device that preserves information for retrieval
minicomputer
a digital computer of medium size
application program
a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task
RAM
the most common computer memory which can be used by programs to perform necessary tasks while the computer is on