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Horizontal plane dividing the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts. top/bottom

Transverse Plane

Vertical plane running from front to back, divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sides

Midsagittal (sagittal) Plane

a vertical plane running from side to side, Divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions. Front/Back

Frontal Plane

toward the mid-line of the body


Away from the mid-line of the body


Nearest to a reference point or attachment


Farthest away from a reference point or attachment






Toward the head

Cephalad or Cranial

Toward the tailbone

Caudal or Caudad

Toward the front

Anterior or Ventral

Toward the back

Posterior or Dorsal


Lying face down


Lying face up

Anatomical Position

Standing erect with palms faced forward

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