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Anatomical Planes and Directional Terms

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Horizontal plane dividing the body or any of its parts into upper and lower parts. top/bottom
Transverse Plane
Vertical plane running from front to back, divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sides
Midsagittal (sagittal) Plane
a vertical plane running from side to side, Divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions. Front/Back
Frontal Plane
toward the mid-line of the body
Medial
Away from the mid-line of the body
Lateral
Nearest to a reference point or attachment
Proximal
Farthest away from a reference point or attachment
Distal
Below
Inferior
Above
Superior
Toward the head
Cephalad or Cranial
Toward the tailbone
Caudal or Caudad
Toward the front
Anterior or Ventral
Toward the back
Posterior or Dorsal
Prone
Lying face down
Supine
Lying face up
Anatomical Position
Standing erect with palms faced forward