Terms in this set (93)
A planned open area within a design that contains no flowers or foliage, yet is an integral part of the design.negative spaceThe relative sizes and amounts of elements within a design.proportionWhen objects are near each otherproximityWhen repeated elements spread out from a central point.radiationWhen components of a design are repeated to contribute to the harmony of the arrangementrepetitionA sense of movement within a floral design that leads the eye to the focal Point.rhythmA guideline for estimating the size for a floral design for a defined spaceRule of thirdsThe size relationship between two objects, such as between a floral design and its surroundings or between the various elements within a design.scaleNot the main focus of attention. The nondominant elements in a floral design are said to be subordinate.subordinateA design in which equal visual weight is placed in similar positions on both sides of the CVASymmetrical floral designThe smooth gradual change from one material to another.TransitionThe organization of all elements in a work of art so they appear to belong together.unityThe optical stability of an arrangement.Visual balanceThe perceived lightness or heaviness of a designvisual weightwithout colorachromaticguidelines for combining colors and color values in design also called color schemes.color harmonya circular graph that shows primary, secondary and tertiary colors in the order they appear in the visible spectrum.color wheeleach of the things that goes into creating a floral design including color, form, fragrance, line, pattern, size, space, and texture.design elementa flower with an open form inflorescence that is often clustered or branched;used to create a visual connection between line and mass flowers.filler flowerthe shape of an overall arrangement; also the shapes of the individual materials used in an arrangement.Forma flower that has a distinctive or unusual shape and does not necessarily fit into the other categoriesform flowera pleasing aroma given off by some species of flowers to attract specific pollinators.frangranceeach of the colors of the spectrumhuethe brightness or dullness of a hue; also called chromaintensitythe visual path that creates the foundation for a floral arrangement style and form.linea flower that has a long stem, a spike or linear form, or both; used to form the framework for a geometric designline floweran element that is repeated to form a decorative design; also the overall shape or silhouette of a floral design.patternany of a group of colors from which all other colors can be obtained by mixing.primary colorcolor created by mixing two primary colors.secondary colora hue that has been darkened by mixing with black.shadethe physical dimensions of an arrangementsizethe three dimensional area that is occupied by a floral design; may also include the area immediately surrounding the design.spacefloral paint that can be used to change a flower's color to match popular trends or to highlight the tips of the petals with a colorspray tinta method of adding color to a white flower by placing the stem in a dye solution and allowing the flower to take up the dye;also called stem dyeing.Systematic dyeinga color created by mixing a primary color and a secondary color.tertiary colorthe surface characteristics of a materialtexturea hue that has been lightened by mixing it with whitetinta hue that has been mixed with gray.tonethe degree of lightness or darkness of a color.valuethe colors produced by the wavelengths of light energy that make up white light, which is visible to the human eye.Visible spectrumA floral design that is completely non-natural or unrealistic, in which common materials are used in uncommon ways, and lines are used to form unusual shapes unlike the usual geometric shapes; often contains more than one focal pointabstract designA conical floral design that has concentric rings of flowers placed to create a definite pattern with no negative space; named after the Biedermeier period in the German Classical Revival of the early 1800s.Biedermeier DesignA line design that includes a slightly curvilinear line that falls or hangs from a containerCascade DesignA formal, symmetrical mass design that features large flowers in many different colors in a radial or triangular shape; often includes foliage and woody branches.english garden designA floral object that contains both natural and artificial materials presented in unnatural ways; a key element in abstract designflobA floral design in which a small amount of plant materials are arranged in groups separated by negative space so that individual flowers and plant materials can be easily seenformalinear designA design style attributed to the Sogetsu school of ikebana; allows more freedom for interpreting the rules of traditional ikebana.Freestyle designA floral arrangement based on a geometric form such as the circle, triangle, and square.geometric designA floral design that is patterned after a garden hedgerow.hedgerow designAn S-shaped curve created by placing two crescents end-to-end so that they curve in opposite directions.hogarth curveA floral arrangement that emphasizes lines rather than the plant material grouping as an entire formline designA floral arrangement in which form and mass are more important than the individual elements or linesmass designGathering and placing quantities of flowers together in close proximity.massingA variation of the parallel systems design style in which horizontal placements extend from the sides of the container, at 90° to the vertical placements.New Convention DesignA European design style in which stems or groups of stems are placed parallel to one another at equal distances.Parallel systems designA floral design style that was developed prior to 1900.traditional designA floral design in which part or all of the arrangement is placed underwater in a clear container.underwater designA floral design in which flowers and foliage appear as they would in nature; all plant material is naturally compatible and is from a similar climate and region.vegetative designA cascade design with the addition of elements that suggest the flow of waterwaterfall designPositioning- like flowers and foliage together, as if they have grown there naturally.zoinga flowers to carry arrangement that is designed to look like a sheaf of flowers and is carried cradled in the person's armarm bouqueta floral arrangement worn by a man, usually in the left lapel of a suit jacket.boutonnierea bouquet design style that is elongated in an oval or egg shape; often used in formal weddings when the bride wears a long train or veil.cascade designa large flower that is made up of the individual petals from several flowers glued or wired in place.Composite flowera composite flower shape made with rose petals from several flowersduchess rosenecklaces, scarves, bracelets, anklets, or rings made of flowers or that includes flowersfloral jewelrya bouquet that incorporates flowers on their natural stems; the stems are sometimes embellished or wrapped but are not wiredHand tied bouqueta hand tied bouquet in which the natural stems have been replaced with floral wire wrapped in floral tapeHand wired bouqueta floral design that is worn on a person's headheadpiecea garland of flowers with or without greenery, that is woven together or tied using string or other binding materialleia bouquet design that rounded on topHemispherical designa spherical floral design; often carried by flower girlsPomandera corsage that consists of a single main flower and appropriate greenery; quick and easy to assemble, and often used when multiple corsages are requiredSingle flower corsageWhat are the 8 principles of design?unity variety emphasis rhythm movement balance pattern proportionWhat are the 8 elements of design?color line shape texture space form unity/harmony balanceprimaryprimaryprimarysecondarysecondarysecondaryteritaryteritary