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Floral Final Study Guide
Terms in this set (93)
Interesting detail that adds interest or character to a floral design
A design in which the visual weight is equal on both sides of the design, but the weight is not symmetrical; it is placed in different positions.
Asymmetrical floral design
A sense of physical and visual stability.
difference; contrast can be used to create tension or a sense of energy to a
Guideline for organizing floral materials and elements in pleasing ways; the primary design principles include balance, proportion, scale, dominance, contrast, rhythm, harmony, and unity.
An emphasis on one or more of the elements of a design to provide a focus, theme, or overall "feeling" for the design.
Importance; for example, dominance creates emphasis to develop a focal point in a floral design.
The area of dominance or emphasis within a floral design to which the eyes naturally travel.
When the repeated elements in a design slowly increase or decrease in size.
A pleasing interaction or blending among the elements of a floral design.
A planned open area within a design that contains no flowers or foliage, yet is an integral part of the design.
The relative sizes and amounts of elements within a design.
When objects are near each other
When repeated elements spread out from a central point.
When components of a design are repeated to contribute to the harmony of the arrangement
A sense of movement within a floral design that leads the eye to the focal
A guideline for estimating the size for a floral design for a defined space
Rule of thirds
The size relationship between two objects, such as between a floral design and its surroundings or between the various elements within a design.
Not the main focus of attention. The nondominant elements in a floral design are said to be subordinate.
A design in which equal visual weight is placed in similar positions on both sides of the CVA
Symmetrical floral design
The smooth gradual change from one material to another.
The organization of all elements in a work of art so they appear to belong together.
The optical stability of an arrangement.
The perceived lightness or heaviness of a design
guidelines for combining colors and color values in design also called color schemes.
a circular graph that shows primary, secondary and tertiary colors in the order they appear in the visible spectrum.
each of the things that goes into creating a floral design including color, form, fragrance, line, pattern, size, space, and texture.
a flower with an open form inflorescence that is often clustered or branched;used to create a visual connection between line and mass flowers.
the shape of an overall arrangement; also the shapes of the individual materials used in an arrangement.
a flower that has a distinctive or unusual shape and does not necessarily fit into the other categories
a pleasing aroma given off by some species of flowers to attract specific pollinators.
each of the colors of the spectrum
the brightness or dullness of a hue; also called chroma
the visual path that creates the foundation for a floral arrangement style and form.
a flower that has a long stem, a spike or linear form, or both; used to form the framework for a geometric design
an element that is repeated to form a decorative design; also the overall shape or silhouette of a floral design.
any of a group of colors from which all other colors can be obtained by mixing.
color created by mixing two primary colors.
a hue that has been darkened by mixing with black.
the physical dimensions of an arrangement
the three dimensional area that is occupied by a floral design; may also include the area immediately surrounding the design.
floral paint that can be used to change a flower's color to match popular trends or to highlight the tips of the petals with a color
a method of adding color to a white flower by placing the stem in a dye solution and allowing the flower to take up the dye;also called stem dyeing.
a color created by mixing a primary color and a secondary color.
the surface characteristics of a material
a hue that has been lightened by mixing it with white
a hue that has been mixed with gray.
the degree of lightness or darkness of a color.
the colors produced by the wavelengths of light energy that make up white light, which is visible to the human eye.
A floral design that is completely non-natural or unrealistic, in which common materials are used in uncommon ways, and lines are used to form unusual shapes unlike the usual geometric shapes; often contains more than one focal point
A conical floral design that has concentric rings of flowers placed to create a definite pattern with no negative space; named after the Biedermeier period in the German Classical Revival of the early 1800s.
A line design that includes a slightly curvilinear line that falls or hangs from a container
A formal, symmetrical mass design that features large flowers in many different colors in a radial or triangular shape; often includes foliage and woody branches.
english garden design
A floral object that contains both natural and artificial materials presented in unnatural ways; a key element in abstract design
A floral design in which a small amount of plant materials are arranged in groups separated by negative space so that individual flowers and plant materials can be easily seen
A design style attributed to the Sogetsu school of ikebana; allows more freedom for interpreting the rules of traditional ikebana.
A floral arrangement based on a geometric form such as the circle, triangle, and square.
A floral design that is patterned after a garden hedgerow.
An S-shaped curve created by placing two crescents end-to-end so that they curve in opposite directions.
A floral arrangement that emphasizes lines rather than the plant material grouping as an entire form
A floral arrangement in which form and mass are more important than the individual elements or lines
Gathering and placing quantities of flowers together in close proximity.
A variation of the parallel systems design style in which horizontal placements extend from the sides of the container, at 90° to the vertical placements.
New Convention Design
A European design style in which stems or groups of stems are placed parallel to one another at equal distances.
Parallel systems design
A floral design style that was developed prior to 1900.
A floral design in which part or all of the arrangement is placed underwater in a clear container.
A floral design in which flowers and foliage appear as they would in nature; all plant material is naturally compatible and is from a similar climate and region.
A cascade design with the addition of elements that suggest the flow of water
Positioning- like flowers and foliage together, as if they have grown there naturally.
a flowers to carry arrangement that is designed to look like a sheaf of flowers and is carried cradled in the person's arm
a floral arrangement worn by a man, usually in the left lapel of a suit jacket.
a bouquet design style that is elongated in an oval or egg shape; often used in formal weddings when the bride wears a long train or veil.
a large flower that is made up of the individual petals from several flowers glued or wired in place.
a composite flower shape made with rose petals from several flowers
necklaces, scarves, bracelets, anklets, or rings made of flowers or that includes flowers
a bouquet that incorporates flowers on their natural stems; the stems are sometimes embellished or wrapped but are not wired
Hand tied bouquet
a hand tied bouquet in which the natural stems have been replaced with floral wire wrapped in floral tape
Hand wired bouquet
a floral design that is worn on a person's head
a garland of flowers with or without greenery, that is woven together or tied using string or other binding material
a bouquet design that rounded on top
a spherical floral design; often carried by flower girls
a corsage that consists of a single main flower and appropriate greenery; quick and easy to assemble, and often used when multiple corsages are required
Single flower corsage
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