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Veterinary Medical Applications Exam Review
Terms in this set (256)
In order to determine which organisms are most likely the source of a bacterial infection and to determine the most appropriate method of treatment, a veterinarian might perform which of the following tests?
In order to simulate the conditions of the body, how long must a culture plate be placed in a heated incubator?
An IV catheter is placed in which of the following veins before surgery?
Which of the following terms is defined as any process which eliminates or kills bacteria and other living microorganism?
Which of the following processes involves collecting sperm cells from a male animal and manually depositing them into the reproductive tract of a female?
Where are the popliteal lymph nodes located?
Behind the hind legs
What is it called when the drug concentration in the body produces the desired effect in the animal with no signs of toxicity?
Which of the following has the major role of defending the body from organisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi?
White blood cells
Which process is also known as drug metabolism?
What does a fecal flotation help veterinarians determine?
Whether or not the animal has intestinal parasites
The capillary refill time on a healthy animal should be which of the following?
2 seconds or less
Which of the following is NOT a sign of a healthy animal?
Which of the following tests is used to determine the percentage of red blood cells within a volume of blood?
Packed Cell Volume (PCV)
The liquid portion of blood which plays an important role in transportation throughout the body is known as which of the following?
According to the presentation, managing bank deposits, income reports and equipment care are performed by which type of management?
Where is a tattoo placed on cattle?
What is the average heart rate or pulse for horses?
Which of the following is defined as labored breathing?
Which of the following is defined as the expansion of the chest or thorax?
Which of the following control mechanisms is placed on a horse's nose and is used as a distraction for the animal?
Which of the following animal behavior categories may result in an animal growling, showing the teeth and pinning the ears?
Which of the following is NOT an indicator for elevated vital signs?
What is the average heart rate or pulse for a cat?
Which of the following refers to the intensity or indication of strain during respiration?
What does the abbreviation VCPR stand for?
Veterinary Client Patient Relationship
Budgeting and managing cash flow are performed by which type of management?
Which of the following is defined as putting an animal to death, generally to avoid pain and suffering?
Guppies include how many varieties of fish?
Which of the following is a mostly-hairless guinea pig?
What is the desired color for Spot swine?
50 percent black and 50 percent white
Which of the following diseases occurs when an infected mosquito bites a cat and the larvae migrate through the tissues and eventually into a cat's heart?
Which of the following guinea pig diseases is caused by a vitamin C deficiency?
Which of the following is an indication a disease is present?
Which of the following is NOT a zoonotic disease?
Which of the following is NOT a feline respiratory disease?
Which of the following common bird diseases attacks a bird's liver?
Which of the following diseases causes dogs to have a chronic cough?
Which of the following diseases is one of the biggest threats to caged birds?
In hamsters, what part of the body is attacked by wet tail?
Which of the following diseases is primarily spread by ticks and may have symptoms lasting months after the animal has been treated?
Which of the following parasites can grow more than 20 inches in length?
Which of the following parasites is also known as ascarids?
Which of the following body systems provides the body with the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide?
Which of the following parasites is rod shaped?
Which of the following parasites found in adults is usually a sign of another disease compromising the immune system?
Which of the following parasites are small parasitic arachnids which feed on the blood of mammals, birds and reptiles?
Which of the following parasites are blood sucking parasites residing in the small intestine?
Which of the following transmits signals to different parts of the animal's body and operates basic body functions like breathing and digestion?
Which of the following parasites is also known as scabies?
Which of the following parasites are small, wingless, bloodsucking insects which can lay hundreds of eggs?
About how much will a Hereford cow weight?
The Murray Grey originated on which continent?
Which of the following breeds is a foundation breed for the Braford?
What is the location of the Charolais' origin?
Which breed originated in South Africa?
Which breed originated in Spicewood, Texas?
Which breed is 5/8 Angus and 3/8 Beef Friesian?
Which of the following is the second largest cattle breed in the world?
Which breed shows the characteristics of an abundance of loose skin, droopy ears, pendulous sheath and a pronounced hump?
Which breed shows the droopy ear characteristics of the Brahman?
In 1940, one bull and five cows were brought to the United States in case of a Nazi invasion. These six animals became the basis of which breed in the United States?
Which of the following is a foundation breed for the Brangus, Ankina and Amerifax?
Which breed protects itself by sleeping in a circular formation with calves in the center?
Which of the following cattle breeds is double muscled?
Which breed originated in the Chianina Valley in the province of Tuscany, Italy?
Which of the following breeds is 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Angus?
What percentage is required for the RX3 to be registered purebred?
1/2 Red Angus x 1/4 Hereford x 1/4 Red and White Holstein
In what U.S. state did the Barzona originate?
The Pinzgauer has been developed by Alpine herdsmen dating back to what year?
What is the dominate hair color of the Beefmaster?
What is the primary usage of the Cashmere breed?
It produces cashmere, one of the world's finest fibers
Which breed was developed using bucks of African and Indian origin and crossing them with British does?
What is the primary usage of the Pygmy Goat?
It is a pet or show goat
Where did the Nigerian Dwarf originate?
Which breed became prolific when flocks were abandoned due to drought or lack of profit and slowly built up from escapees of shepherd flocks?
What does the Wooden Leg Goat do as a response to becoming frightened or excited?
It 'locks up' and faints
Which breed is known for its multiple births with triplets and quads being routine, but quintuplets and sextuplets also being common?
Which of the following breeds is used for the production of Mohair?
Which goat is a true meat goat?
Where did the Boer Goat originate?
The boer goats origin is unknown
The Polypay gene pool was developed from which four existing breeds?
Finnsheep, Rambouillet, Targhee and Dorset
Show lambs known as the black-face cross come from which two breeds?
Suffolk and Hampshire
The Corriedale was developed through a cross between which of the following?
A Lincoln ram and a Merino ewe
What is the original "down" breed?
Where did the Finnsheep originate?
Why is the Dorset a popular breed in the U.S. for show lamb production?
Its carcass qualities, docile nature and showy appearance
The Merino breed can be classified into what four distinct types?
Superfine, fine, medium and strong wool
Is the Shropshire breed polled?
Yes, both rams and ewes are polled
In what type of climate does the Lincoln do well?
Areas with cold temperatures and high rainfall
Of the fine wool breeds, which breed below is the largest?
Which U.S. state played a large role in the origination of the Chester White?
What color is the Yorkshire?
Hampshires are often used as sires in what kinds of operations?
In order to be registered, Hampshire hogs should have what color characteristics?
Black with a white band encircling the shoulders, including the front legs and feet
Which breed is exceptionally long bodied with large, drooping ears?
The Duroc originated in what part of the United States?
Which breed is thought to have originated the crossed of the old English hog and hogs of Chinese and Siamese origin?
What is the former breed name of the Spot?
Spotted Poland China
Which breed is generally regarded as one which does NOT produce carcasses with enough muscling to satisfy U.S. standards when bred straight?
Which of the following is NOT a breed of cat?
Which of the following accurately describes the hair of the American Shorthair?
Short and thick
Which of the following breeds are known as independent and stubborn? Turkish Angora
Which of the following is the largest cat breed?
Which of the following breeds is a close relative of the Abyssinian?
Which of the following is the result of crossbreeding Siamese and Persian cats?
Which of the following does NOT accurately represent Tonkinese behavior?
Which of the following accurately describes Burmese eye color?
Which of the following is the most popular cat breed?
Which of the following accurately describes the shape of the Siamese cat's eye?
Which of the following does NOT accurately describe Siberian behavior?
Which of the following does NOT accurately describe the behavior of the Maine Coon?
Which of the following accurately describes Tonkinese fur?
Soft and silky
Which of the following accurately describes Russian Blue hair?
Short and thick
Which of the following breeds is hairless?
Which of the following is NOT a breed of Dachshund?
Which of the following is the weight range of the Bulldog?
Which of the following is the weight range of the Old English Sheepdog?
Which of the following breeds grows a thick and puffy white coat?
Which of the following is NOT indicative of most Beagles?
Which of the following does NOT describe German Shepherd behavior?
Which of the following hound dogs is unable to bark?
Which of the following is the accurate weight range for Australian Cattle Dogs?
Rhodesian Ridgebacks grow a short and dense coat in which of the following colors?
Light or Red Wheaten
Which of the following is NOT a herding dog?
Tetras are known for which of the following body colors?
Which of the following best describes the color of lops?
American Green Tree Frog color was compared to which of the following?
Which of the following is the largest breed of rabbit?
Which of the following accurately describes cockatiel feathers?
Which of the following accurately describes the hair of the Teddy Guinea Pig?
Wiry and Thick
Which of the following accurately represents the body color of the African Clawed Frog?
Gray or Brown
Which of the following is NOT a breed of rabbit? Maine
Which of the following is NOT a guinea pig breed?
Which of the following accurately describes the lifespan of the cockatoo?
More than 40 years
Which of the following is required for the Angora?
Which of the following is the most common breed of guinea pig?
Which of the following reptiles are known to grow as large as dogs?
Medical record keeping standards were created by which of the following associations?
American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA)
Which of the following is the code of ethical conduct developed by the AVMA?
Principles of Veterinary Medical Ethics
"I solemnly swear to use my scientific knowledge and skills for the benefit of society," is a part of which of the following?
Exposure to which of the following can cause nausea, dizziness and even miscarriages or birth defects in pregnant women?
Which of the following is NOT a category of veterinary workplace safety?
Some veterinary programs do not require students to have a four year undergraduate degree. However, students must have at least how many undergraduate hours completed?
Which of the following is utilized to introduce and promote a product or service to potential customers or clients?
Problem oriented medical records are organized by problem number with notes kept in the SOAP format, what does the 'P" stand for in SOAP?
Which of the following is defined as a mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship between people and animals which is influenced by behaviors that are essential to the health and well being of both?
Human animal blood
According to the presentation, managing current employment legislation and personnel training are performed by which type of management?
Which of the following is NOT a fundamental of marketing?
Creating a Budget
Which of the following is the most common method used for identification in swine?
For horses, which of the following is NOT used as a form of identification?
Which of the following restraints is used for fractious cats or wild animals?
According to the presentation, what does the orange USDA metal tag indicate on cattle?
The animal has been vaccinated for brucellosis
Horses should always be approached in which of the following ways?
On their left side
For sheep and goats, which of the following is the most common method used for identification?
For dogs, where is a microchip inserted?
Between the shoulder blades
Which of the following small animal restraints requires extensive experience to correctly handle aggressive dogs?
How should a small animal be handled while performing a physical exam or other procedures?
Apply firm, gentle pressure around the animal's body while controlling the head
Which of the following is used on small animals to decrease anxiety on a slippery table and help restrain an animal's legs?
In swine, what does ear notching help identify?
Litter and individual number
Which of the following is used to keep cattle contained while performing physical exams or other procedures?
What is it called when an animal's temperature is below normal?
Where is the most accurate place to read an animal's temperature?
What is the average heart rate or pulse for cattle?
What must a veterinarian do in order to correctly identify a pulse rate?
Count the number of beats in 15 seconds and then multiply by four
Which of the following is a true statement about a smaller dog's resting pulse rate?
It is usually always higher than a large dog
Which of the following is defined as the number of inspirations per minute?
What is the average temperature for both cats and dogs?
99 to 102°F (37.2 to 38.9°C)
Which of the following is defined as the expulsion of air from the lungs?
Which of the following is also referred to as leukocytes?
White blood cells
Which of the following is NOT an indicator for lowered vital signs?
Which of the following types of white blood cells are NOT formed in bone marrow?
In cattle, which of the following is the best location to obtain a small blood sample?
Caudal tail vein
Where is the best location to obtain a large blood sample from a horse?
If an animal has been diagnosed with polycythemia, which of the following symptoms typically occurs?
Which of the following is also referred to as erythrocytes?
Red blood cells
What is the normal packed cell volume (PCV) percentage for dogs?
How long does the average red blood cell live?
According to Jenna Barber, DVM, which vein can be utilized when drawing blood from a cat but NOT from a dog?
After an injury, what happens to platelets?
Which of the following carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body using a special protein called hemoglobin?
Red blood cells
What part of the body produces platelets?
A very strong ammonia smell to an animal's urine could indicate which of the following?
Bacterial infection in the urinary tract
Where are the submandibular lymph nodes located?
Beneath the jaw
Your veterinarian prescribes a dose of medication which is 10 mL for every 100 lbs. This means a 100 lb. animal will receive 10 mL. What would the correct dosage be for an animal weighing 150 lbs.?
If your veterinarian knows the weight of the animal and you are told to give 100 mg of a medication. The concentration on the bottle is 200 mg for every 10 mL. How many mL should you give?
According to Jenna Barber, DVM, the Swann Animal Clinic uses which of the following to scrub an animal before surgery?
Chlorhexidine and alcohol
There are many injectable routes for medication, an intra-articular route is injected into what part of an animal?
Which is NOT an example of a type of drug?
The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 categorizes drugs into how many different schedules or classifications?
Which type of drug administration is the slowest at absorbing?
What is the process called when an active drug turns into an inactive metabolite?
Who regulates prescription drugs? FDA
Which process is known as "cell eating"?
Pharmacology is a part of medicine which does NOT focus on which of the following?
What anatomical parts are removed from a female dog or cat during a spay surgery?
Uterus & ovaries
What is an induction agent?
When should the IV catheter be removed after surgery?
Once the patient is able to sit up in the recovery cage
During a spay surgery, the female is placed in which of the following positions?
Which of the following terms is defined as tying up or closing off, sometimes with a suture?
Once instruments are scrubbed, rinsed, dried and wrapped, the surgery pack is placed in which of the following to complete the sterilization process?
According to the presentation, which of the following is the first step to pre-surgical care?
According to Jenna Barber, DVM, how long does Swann Animal Clinic leave their patients attached to the oxygen machine after a surgical procedure?
How long does it take for a bull to be castrated using the banding method?
Approximately 2 weeks
After an animal is anesthetized, which of the following is attached to the animal to measure his heart rate and respiration?
When should the endotracheal tube be removed after surgery?
Once the patient is stimulated and able to completely swallow
After surgery, a patient's temperature may lower. Which of the following terms is used to define low temperature?
Which of the following is administered to animals during surgery to help maintain blood pressure and compensate for blood loss?
Which of the following is an everyday practice in all aspects of veterinary medicine and is used to help determine how a patient feels?
Which of the following is defined as the first milk produced by the mother after giving birth?
Which of the following is caused by the body losing a severe amount of blood or fluids?
Which of the following is a condition caused by the excessive loss of water from the body?
Which of the following is a procedure used by veterinarians to administer certain medications or to remove toxins by flushing the lower intestinal tract?
Which of the following is defined as the removal of dead tissue?
Which of the following is a procedure routinely used to provide valuable information about an animal's bones, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, heart and genitourinary system?
Which of the following is determined by the percentage of sperm which are normal in shape and size?
Which of the following is used to help determine pregnancy in an animal?
In order for the veterinarian to perform chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a dog should be positioned in which of the following positions?
Which of the following is defined as the physical blockage of the respiratory tract?
Which of the following is defined as the percentage of sperm which are progressively motile?
Which of the following is defined as a disease which can be transmitted to humans from animals?
Which of the following was NOT included in the core vaccines given to cats?
Needle length is based on the type of injection being administered. Generally, shorter needles are used for which type of injection?
Which of the following was NOT included in the core vaccines given to horses?
Which of the following methods is used to inject a drug into the tissue layer between the skin and the muscle?
Which of the following is the part of the syringe which allows the applicator to push the medication through the syringe?
According to Jenna Barber, DVM, after receiving a vaccination, what may develop on a cat's body?
Which of the following was NOT included in the core vaccines given to dogs?
If the dosage for a certain vaccination calls for 5 cc per animal and you are vaccinating 10 animals, how many milliliters of the vaccine will you use?
Which of the following statements is true when referring to the diameter of a needle?
The lower the gauge of needle, the larger the diameter of the needle
Which of the following is the part of the syringe which holds the medicine?
Which of the following methods is used to inject a drug directly into the vein of an animal?
According to Jenna Barber, DVM, where should feline vaccines be injected?
Injections are most commonly given with a syringe, which of the following is NOT one of the three main parts of a syringe?
According to Steve Kennedy, DVM, where are subcutaneous injections performed on cattle?
According to Steve Kennedy, DVM, where is the most common location for an intramuscular injection (IM) on horses and cattle?
Triangle area in the neck muscle
Which of the following is the most common method used to examine a fecal sample?
Which of the following statements is true when the results show three or more dots in the window of the 4Dx SNAP® reader?
The dog has tested positive for more than one disease or parasite
Which of the following tests might be used to gain more information as to the severity of an infection within the animal?
What test should be used to specifically identify the strain of bacteria or pathogen affecting the animal?
Antibiotics are used to treat which of the following?
What does the dark blue-green dot, which appears in the upper-left corner of the 4Dx SNAP® test window, confirm?
The test was run correctly
Which of the following is NOT a common parasite found when performing a fecal flotation on a small animal?
According to Katie Salas, CVT, how long should you leave the microscope cover slip on top of the fecal flotation before examining it under the microscope?
Which of the following is true about a dog's packed cell volume (PCV) when he is dehydrated?
PCV is high
Which of the following diseases is NOT detected by the 4Dx SNAP® test?
According to Jenna Barber, DVM, how often should dogs be tested for heartworm disease? a year
What is the most common anatomical order when performing a physical exam on any type of animal?
Head to tail
Where is the femoral pulse located?
Inside the hind legs
What is the average respiration rate, in breaths per minute, for cattle?
When performing a physical exam on a horse, how does the veterinarian check for dehydration?
Making a skin tent
What should be the normal color of an animal's gums and mucous membranes?
Listening for gut motility and function is extremely important when examining a horse. How many quadrants must the veterinarian listen to in order to examine both high and low portions of the gut?
What is the most common reason for tartar on a small animal's teeth?
Where is the temperature taken in cattle?
During a small animal examination, how does the veterinarian feel for enlargement of the internal organs and/or masses and fluid within the animal?
Palpating the belly
Where are fleas and ticks most commonly found on a small animal?
Rump and neck
What could be the cause for swollen lymph nodes on an animal?
Infection or systemic disease
what is a device used to spin and separate specimens to prepare them for viewing under a microscope?
What is true about discharges regarding the penis?
what are the toxicity signs for abamectin?
How does a Jersey differ from a Holstein-Friesian in terms of its production?
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