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59 terms

Chapter 8

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an/o
anus
chol/e
bile, gall
col/o
large intestine
-phagia
swallowing
enter/o
small intestine
gastr/o
stomach
hepat/o
liver
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
esophag/o
esophagus
-lithiasis
presence of stones
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
proct/o
anus and rectum
-pepsia
digestion
-emesis
vomiting
rect/o
rectum
anoscopy
visual exam of anal canal and lower rectum
stomatyomycosis
any disease of the mouth due to a fungus
ileum
last and longest part of small intestine
glucose
liver removes excess ______ from the bloodstream
bile
the liver secretes _______, which is stored in the gallbladder for later use
ascending colon
travels upward from the cecum to the under surface of the liver
anabolism
process of building up body cells and substances from nutrients
tongue
receptors of taste are located on the dorsum of the _______
periodontium
bone & soft tissues that surround and support the teeth
intussusception
condition characterizzed by telescoping of one part of the intesting into another
cecum
connects small and large intestine
sigmoid colon
S-shaped structure of large intestine
rectum
widest division of the large intestine
jejunum
middle portion of small intestine
duodenum
first portion of small intestine
hematemesis
vomiting blood
botulism
food poisoning, often fatal
enteritis
inflammation of small intestine
uvula
hangs from the free edge of the soft palate
gastrectomy
removal of all or part of the stomach
dysphagia
difficulty in swallowing
Amebic Dysentery
The infectious intestinal disease known as is caused by the one celled parasite entamoeba histolytica
cirrhosis
degeneration of the liver in which scar tissue replaces normal tissue
bilirubin
pigment produced by destruction of hemoglobin in the liver
aerophagia
Excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking
regurgitation
Return of swallowed food to the mouth
jaundice
yellow discoloration of the skin caused by greater than
normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood
feces
medical term for the solid body waste that are expelled through the rectum
cholangitis
acute infection of the bile duct
cholangiography
radiographic exam of bile ducts
choledocholithotomy
Incision of the common bile duct for the extraction of an impacted gallstone
gastroparesis
partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine
Ascites
collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
edentulous
without natural teeth
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
colostomy
Artificial excretory opening between colon and body surface
pyrosis
heartburn
melena
Presence of digested blood in the stool
diverculitis
Inflammation of one or more diverticula
herpes labialis
cold sores
hemoccult test
detects hidden blood in stools
Anastomosis
Surgical Connection between two hollow or tubular structures
dental calculus
Hardened deposit that forms on the teeth and irritate
the surrounding tissues
proctoplasty
surgical repair of rectum