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Terms in this set (51)
How does a Pathogen enter a new reservoir?
Portal of entry
Diseases that are caused by fungi are called what?
What causes infectious disease?
What is the role of spores?
Make bacteria difficult to eliminate
What are the four main classes of microorganisms?
Bacteria, Fungi, viruses, Protozoa
Protozoa are often found in what kind of environment?
Sandra has the flu, but she goes to work anyway. Within a few days, her co-worker Olivia gets sick with the flu. In the chain of infection what is Olivia?
The susceptible host
Hand washing, routine cleaning and using PPE are examples of what type of practice?
How do viruses reproduce?
By invading living cells
How long must an object soak in disinfectant solution to be properly disinfected?
What is a microorganism?
Living organisms that are not visible to the naked eye
What do you not use to sanitize?
Why is infection control important to health care workers?
It helps the transmission of disease
What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?
Wash your hands
HIV can be spread through which mode of transmission?
Which patients should be considered infectious?
All patients should be considered infectious
When should gloves be donned if you are wearing additional PPE?
After donning gown, masks, and eyewear
When should health care workers wash their hands?
Before providing care in between patients
What should body fluid be considered?
Where should a disposable gown be placed after use?
In biohazardous waste container
When should a gown be worn?
When contact with blood or bodily fluid is likely
What is the outside of a gown considered?
Can face masks be reused?
How can you tell whether a trash container is for regular or biohazardous waste?
Marked with the biohazardous symbol
How is a used sharp disposed of?
Entire sharp in to the sharps container
What is considered a sharp?
Needles, blades, razors
What type of PPE should be available to employees of a nursing home?
Gloves, masks, eyewear, gowns, and CPR shield
How long can a single pair of gloves be used?
During care of one patient
When should hands be washed when you will be wearing gloves?
Both before and after wearing gloves
What agency developed standard precautions?
What should a health care worker do with bed sheets that are soaked with blood?
Place them in a biohazardous linen bag
What are the strings and elastic bands of masks, and eyewear considered?
What is not a standard practice for a patient with tuberculosis?
Maintain room temp of 90
What technique should be used to remove items from isolation room?
Double bagging technique
When should transmission based precautions be used?
With patients who have a highly communicable disease
How many health care workers are required for most procedures in isolation room?
What is a droplet precaution?
Wearing a standard surgical mask
What is an example of indirect contact?
Inhaling air droplets after a sneeze
What should be done with food that is leftover in an isolation room?
It should be disposed of in the patients room
Why should transmission based garments never be removed outside of an isolation room?
It would increase the risk of spreading infection
When should sterile gloves be worn?
When treating an open wound
When wearing sterile gloves, where should hands be kept?
Above waist level
What are sterility indicators?
A strip placed inside the package that changes when exposed to high temp
How does an autoclave kill microorganisms?
What is a sterile field?
An area covered with an sterile towel and containing only sterile supplies
How must an autoclave be loaded?
Leave space between and around each item
Stella is preparing a sterile tray for a dressing change. While preparing the tray, a nurse calls her name, and she turns her back on the tray for a few mins? What should Stella do next?
Create new tray
Patricia needs to put a dressing on an open wound. This procedure requires her to prepare a sterile tray and put on sterile gloves. In what order should these tasks be completed?
Prepare the tray first, and then put on the gloves
In a sterile field you would only replace the items that have been contaminated? (True/False)
False, they all would be replaced
How should a sterile package be handled?
Open with ungloved hands , but be careful no to touch the inside of the package
How much you label an autoclave package?
Items contained, the date of sterilization, and initials
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