70 terms

ASR Final Vocabulary Assessment 2018 Definitions

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

acclimate
v. become accustomed to a new climate or new conditions
conducive
adj. making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible / tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
consign
v. deliver something to another person's custody / give over to another for care or safekeeping
conspicuous
adj. standing out so as to be clearly visible / attracting notice or attention / without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
despot
n. a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppressive way.
moratorium
n. a temporary prohibition of an activity
motif
n. a distinctive feature or dominant idea; a theme that is repeated or elaborated
presupposition
n. something tacitly assumed beforehand; presumption
recrimination
n. an accusation in response to one from someone else
repudiate
1. v. refuse to accept or be associated with
2. v. deny the truth or validity of
supersede
v. take the place of; supplant
vitriol
n. extremely cruel and bitter criticism
gilded
1. adj. covered thinly with gold leaf or gold paint
2. adj. wealthy and privileged
3. adj. given a specious or false brilliance to
specious
1. adj. superficially plausible, but actually wrong
2. adj. misleading in appearance; especially misleadingly attractive
spurious
adj. not being what it purports to be be; false or fake
assimilation
1. n. take in information, ideas, or culture and understand fully, make them one's own
2. n. absorb and integrate people, ideas, or culture into a wider society or culture
importunate
adj. persistent, sometimes to the point of annoyance
nativism
1. n. policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants
2. n. a return to or emphasis on traditional or local customs, in opposition to outside influences
patronage
1. n. support given by a patron (a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity)

2. n. power to control appointments to office or the right to privileges
prodigious
adj. remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree
supercilious
adj. behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others
derision
n. Contemptuous, disrespectful, or scornful ridicule or mockery.
disapprobation
n. Very strong disapproval, typically on moral grounds.
(to) assuage
1. v. to make an unpleasant feeling less intense
2. v. to satisfy an appetite or desire
(not alleviate)
(to) alleviate
v. to make suffering, deficiency, or a problem less severe
(not assuage)
(to) quell
v. to stop; to put an end to something; to subdue or silence; to suppress
(to) subjugate
v. to bring under domination or control, especially by conquest; to make someone or something subordinate to / to make subservient to or dependent upon)
(to) subvert
v. to undermine the power and authority of (an established system or institution)
adamant
adj. refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind
appropriation
1. n. the action of taking something for one's own use, typically without the owner's permission

2. n. a sum of money or total of assets devoted to a special purpose
comity
1. n. courtesy and considerate behavior toward others

2. n. an association of nations for their mutual benefit or the mutual recognition by nations of the laws and customs of others
peculiar
1. adj. strange or odd; unusual

2. adj. belonging exclusively to, particular to; something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place or people
perennial
adj. lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
taciturn
adj. reserved or uncommunicative; saying very little
vapid
adj. offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging
sojourn
n. a temporary stay
v. to stay somewhere temporarily
dispensation
1. n. exemption from a rule or usual requirement

2. n. the act of distributing or supplying something
erratic
adj. not even or regular in pattern; unpredictable
contentious
adj. causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial
arbitrate
v. to reach an authoritative judgment or settlement; usually an objective third party is involved.
aberration
1. n. an anomaly; something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected; a typically unwelcome change or departure from what is normal, usual, or expected

2. n. a typically unwelcome change or departure from someone's usual moral character or mental ability
apoplectic
adj. overcome with anger; extremely indignant
umbrage
n. offense or annoyance
tirade
n. a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation
elucidate
v. to make something clear; to explain
brevity
n. concise and to-the-point use of words in writing or speech
reclusive
adj. avoiding the company of others; solitary; intensely private and introverted
accolade
n. an award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgement of merit; an expression of praise or admiration
cosmopolitan
n. and adj. familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures
haughty
adj. arrogantly superior and disdainful
lithe
adj. thin, supple, and graceful
parapet
adj. a low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony; a protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench or other place for the concealment of troops
quaver
v. shake or tremble in speaking, typically through nervousness or emotion
n. a shake or tremble in a person's voice
sedition
conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or sovereign
(to) abdicate
1. v. (for a monarch) renounce one's throne
2. v. fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty)
(to) absolve
v. set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility
(to) acquiesce
v. accept something reluctantly but without protest
arbitrary
adj. based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system
(to) ascertain
v. find something out for certain; make sure of
(to) assent
n. expression of approval or agreement
v. express approval or agreement, typically officially
(to) derive
v. to obtain something; to get
(to) disparage
v. regard or represent as being of little worth; belittle
(to) proscribe
v. forbid, especially by law
v. denounce, to condemn
ramification
n. a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome
rectitude
n. morally correct behavior or thinking, righteousness
(to) redress
v. remedy or set right; rectify
(to) relinquish
v. voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up
sovereign
n. king or queen who is the supreme ruler of a country.
adj. possessing supreme power.
transient
adj. lasting only for a short time; impermanent
(to) usurp
v. take a position of power or importance illegally or by force; supplant