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Terms in this set (73)
Ahmed Ben Bella
As independent Algeria's first prime minister and first president, he began needed reforms but was overthrown after only two years
responsible for all, leader was Isama Bin Laden, US bombed their training camps
Pakistani prime minister, father of Benazir Bhutto. Founder of the Pakistani people's party. Executed in 1979
mother of Aung San Sukkyi, leader of the Bermese nationalists', army killed by political rivals
Burmese nationalists army leader was asssasinated by Burmese political rivals just as Burma was about to achieve independence
Aung San Sukkyi
Aung San Suu Kyi, is a Burmese social democratic politician who is the State Counsellor of Myanmar and leader of the National League for Democracy.
Burmese pro-democratic leader who won the Novel Peace Prize in 1991 while under house arrest
sir arthur balfour, british former secretary, promoted the idea of creating a jewish home land in palestine, FAILED. This is the name given to a 1917 letter from a British foreign secretary who seemed to make promises to both Zionists and Palestinians
This nation was formerly known as East Pakistan.This Muslim country to the northeast of India was once know as East Pakistan, until it earned independence in the civil war of1970.
The first woman Prime Minister of a Muslim nation, she was twice elected to govern Pakistan but was removed from power by a military coup in 1996.
Camp David Accords
were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. The two framework agreements were signed at the White House, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter.
was a Filipino politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines
left office after overseeing the ratification of a constitution and a shortening of military base leases
was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat, who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He ruled as dictator under martial law from 1972 until 1981
imposed an authoritarian regime in the Philippines and stole millions of dollars from the treasury before being forced into exile
was an Israeli teacher, stateswoman and politician and the fourth Prime Minister of Israel. Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister. in 1973 Arab- Israeli war, launched a counter attack to regain lost territory. former wisconsin resident
Ho Chi Minh
1941 founded the Viet Minh, an organization for an Independent Vietnam, and began using the name Ho Chi Minh meaning "Bringer of Light"
Hutus + Tutsis
main ethnic groups of africa, in spring of 1994, the Rwanden president, a Hutu, died in a suspicious plane crash. Hutus slaughtered about 1 million Tutsis before Tutsi rebels but an end to the killings. One of the worst acts of genocide
daughter of Jawaharlal Gandhi.
This prime minister of India was assassinated by Sikh extremists in retaliation for ordering the attack on the Golden Temple. Both the father and a son of this prime minister (who was assassinated in 1984) were also prime ministers.
The First Intifada or First Palestinian Intifada was a Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza, which lasted from December 1987 until the Madrid Conference in 1991
In the late 1980's Palestinians began this "uprising", a campaign of civil disobedience that succeeded in putting international pressure on Israel.
the first prime minister of India after independence
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
This Muslim League leader died shortly after becoming the first governor-general of independent Pakistan. An early ally of Gandhi's in India's fight for independence, he worried about the fate of Muslims in a free India dominated by Hindus, so he founded the Muslim League to protect Muslim interests.
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya
was the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea in Cambodia. It was formed in 1968 as an offshoot of the Vietnam People's Army from North Vietnam
led Ghana to independence from Britain in 1957 and served as its first prime minister and president. Nkrumah first gained power as leader of the colonial Gold Coast, and held it until he was deposed in 1966
secret society made up mostly of native Kikuyu farmers forced out of the highlands by the British, went up against Kenyans nationalist group. used guerilla war tactics. sought to push out the white farmers into leaving the highlands
guerrilla fighters in Islamic countries, especially those who are fighting against non-Muslim forces.
negritude movement. a movement to celebrate african culture, heritage, and values
In 1994 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat received the Nobel Peace Prize following the signing on the Oslo Accords, "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East".
opposed to a Jewish state. To both Muslim and Christian, the land has belonged to them since the Jews were driven out. To the arabs, the land has belonged to them since the conquest of the area in the 7th century
In the 1970s and 1980s this group's military wing conducted a violent campaign against Israel, which in turn bombed Palestinian towns thought to be the group's strongholds
was a Cambodian revolutionary and politician who served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea from 1976 to 1979.
Six Day War
following the suez crisis. The israelis struck airfields in Egypt, Iran, Jordan, and Syria. Isreal defeated the Arab states in what became known as the six day war
egypt seized control of the suez canal and the mediterranean sea. The british made an agreement with France and Isreal to retake the canal. The Israelis marched on the Suez Canal and quickly defeated the Egyptians
was the second President of Indonesia, holding the office for 31 years from the ousting of Sukarno in 1967 until his resignation in 1998.
put down an attempted coup in Indonesia and then seized power for himself
turned Indonesia into a police state and frequently imposed martial laws
was the first President of Indonesia, serving in office from 1945 to 1967. Sukarno was the leader of his country's struggle for Independence from the Netherlands
proclaimed Indonesia's independence
The Taliban is an Islamic militant group operating in Afghanistan and western Pakistan. In the late 1990s it made a government, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
This Palestinian leader was one of three men awarded for the 1994 Nobel peace prize for working out the Oslo peace agreement
Yom Kippur War
Anwar Sadat (egyptian president), planned a joint Arab attack on the date of Yom Kippur, the holiest of Jewish Holidays. Israelis were caught by surprise. Israelis lost.
The pacifist leader of the Indian freedom movement.
Known as the "Mahatma" or "Great Soul" of the Indian independence movement, this Congress Party leader was assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu extremist.
Know the major factors that led to the independence of colonized countries following WW2 (new ideas? new economic and political realities? what else?)
economic struggle, low resources, political tension, etc
What happened to the Indian independence movement during WW2?
bc Britain had little economic and human resources after WW2 it aided the Indian Independence movement. Britain did not want to use now very limited and valuable resources to keep India as their territory.
Why did the UN fail in its plan to create a Palestinian State in the late 1940s?
the Palestinians objected to receiving only part of the Mandate of Palestine. The new state of Israel immediately seized the territory for Palestine.
The Israelis did not agree on the borders for the Palestinian State.
The Palestinians could not agree on a government for the Palestinian State.
The Palestinians objected to receiving only part of the Mandate of Palestine
Isrealelis seized mush of Palestinians land including West Bank and Gaza Strip which UN gave to Palestine
Which 3 former Soviet republics became the independent "transcaucasian republica" after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991?
Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan
Who led the Khmer Rouge government in cambodia during a nearly 4 year long genocide that some estimates say left up to a million dead?
What caused the emergence in the 1990s of 9 newly independent Central Asian states?
the collapse of the soviet union
Who were 2 non Indian influences on Gandhi that led to his philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience?
Henry David Thoreau and tolstoy
Describe the civil war in Sri Lanka. Who made up the 2 opposing sides and why were they fighting?
between the majority Sinhalese and the minority Tamils. caused by...
Which nation historically sought to gain access to the Indian Ocean through Afghanistan?
Whom did the US support in their armed struggle to expel Soviet forces from Afghanistan, and why does America often regret doing so today?
How were the assassinations of Yizhak Rabin and Anwar Sadat similar? Think about who murdered each leader and why.
Jewish Israeli student killed Yizhak Rabin, the assassination was meant to halt the Mideast peace process. Anwar sadat assassination was undertaken by members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Egyptian Army had crossed the Suez Canal and taken back a small part of the Sinai Peninsula from Israel at the beginning of the Yom Kippur War.
What was the Rwandan genocide and how did it happen?
The Rwandan genocide was a systematic campaign by the Hutu ethnic majority aimed at wiping out each and every member of the minority Tutsi group. The Hutu-controlled government and allied militias slaughtered between 800,000 and one million Tutsis before a Tutsi rebel group overthrew
How were the Mau Mau in Kenya and the PLO in Israel similar?
Both fought for liberation of their respective people
How were the governments of Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines and Joseph Mobuto (aka mobuto sese seko) in Zaire similar? Think about how each man came to power and held onto it, and how each ended up.
In what ways might Mohandas K. Gandhi be considered a successful leader, and in what ways might he be seen as having failed? explain your views with evidence.
peaceful protests, brought independence to India, but did not achieve all that he hoped to achieve
**What experiences did post colonial India and Palestine (NOT PAKISTAN) have in common? How were their experiences also different? what role did partition play in each case?
Partitions happened to be miss-managed and in-just.
Secondly, both partitions were done on the basis of giving religious liberty.
Both partitions lead to many conflicts in the future.
Partition gave birth to two new states, who had different faiths.
Both partitions were held under the umbrella of Britishers.
There was ethnicity difference. One partition took place in Middle East and other took place in South Asia. Both were having different ethnicities and different roadmaps.
India evolved as a Secular state at the time of partition which was not the case in the partition between Israel and other Arab countries including Palestine.
In the partition of India, two main countries were involved in the process of marking territory but that was not the case with the other partition.
Identify 3 prominent female leaders of newly independent nations during the period of decolonization that followed WW2. What challenges and accomplishments did they have in common? explain your views with evidence.
Aung Sun Sukkiy- nonviolence, civil disobedience, multi party democracy
Indira Gandhi-political struggle for independence from British rule
Benazir Bhutto- first female prime minister of a Muslim nation
Challenges: ethnically diverse nations, culture
What are some of the reasons that could explain why post-colonial Africa experienced long decades of civil war, military dictatorships, wars, and genocides? explain your views with evidence.
tensions caused by artificial boundaries made by european powers which failed to reflect tribal and religious devisions. Also unstable and struggled to deal with these conflicts, leading to civil war and genocide. Africa received little support from the world to develop its economy/government-leading to military dictatorships
In 1978, this Israeli prime minister signed the Camp David Accords and agreed to return the Sinai peninsula to Egypt
This Egyptian resident signed the Camp David Accords and recognized Israel as a legitimate enraging many Arabs.
This Egyptian president took office after the assassination of Anwar Sadat by Muslim extremists in 1981; he kept the peace with Israel
This Israeli prime minister signed the Oslo peace agreement, won the Nobel prize, and was assasinated in !995 by s Jewish etremist
british colony called the gold coast
this revolutionary group fought for and won Algeria's independence
this former Belgian colony was named Zaire after it's independence but took this name back again in 1997
Mobuto Sese seko
Mobuto Sese seko
This dictator of Zaire seized power in a bloodless coup in 1965 and was himself easily overthrown by opposition forces in 1997
this former Portuguese colony became a battle ground in the cold war when the Soivet Union and the United States took sides in its civil war
This nation was once France's principal colony. In the early 1990s, civil war began after the ruling government rejected elections won by Islamic militants
the civil war between Tamils and other in this Buddhist-dominated country began in the early 1980s
This former prime minister of India was assassinated by a Tamil terrorist in 1991 while campaigning for reelection
This last viceroy of India came to believe that the partition of India was necessary to avoid continued violence between Hindus and Muslims
mother country of Myanmur
mother country of Malaysia
mother country of indonesia
mother country of singapore
mother country of the phillipines
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