148 terms

AP Lang vocabulary Terms

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torpor
laziness, dullness
timorous
timid, fearful of the furture
trunucated
shortened, cut off
affable
easy going, friendly
alienated
removed or disassociated from
amenable
responsive, agreeable
anaphora
repetition of words ath the beginning of successive phrases, clauses
antecedent
noun to whiach a later prnoun refers to
antimetabole
repetition of words in an invered order to sharpen a contrast
apology
defense of an idea
apposition
grammar onstruction in which a noun or noun phrase is placed with another as an explanation
arbiter
judege who decides a disputed issue
archetype
perfect example
assertion
decleration or statement
assiduous
hard working
astute
shrewd, clever
asyndeton
leaving out conjuctions.
austere
without decoration, strict
brusque
rudely abrupt
candor
frankness
capricious
impulsive and unpredictable
caustic
bitingly sarcastic or biting
chiasmus
an inversion in the second of two parallel phrases
clandestine
secretive
cogent
convincing, reasonable
coherent
logically connnected
conception
the ability to form or understand an idea
convoluted
intricate, complex
copious
plentiful having a large quantity
cumulative (loose) sentence
independent clasue follwd by subordonate clauses
declarative sentence
makes a statement
decorous
proper, marked by good taste
deductive
reasoning from general to specific
despotic
exercising absolute power
didactic
intended to instruct
dilettante
one with amateurish or superficial understanding of a field of knowledge
discourse
verbal expression or exchange, conversation
disparage
to belittle
dogged
stubbornly perservering
dogmatic
stubbornly adhering to unproved beliefs
ebullience
intense enthusiasim
eclectic
made of up a variety of sources or styles
effusive
emotionally unrestrained, gushing
egregious
conspicuously bad or offensive
elegiac
mounrful
eloquence
the ability to speak vividly or persuasively
enmity
mutual hatred or ill will
epigram
brief, witty statment
equanimity
the quality of being calm and even tempered
equivocate
to avoid making a definite statement
exculpate
to free from blame or guilt
facile
done or achieved with little effort, easy
fastidious
possessing careful attention to detail; difficult to please
flagrant
extremely or deliberately shocking or noticeable
florid
describing flowery or elaborate speech
fluid
easily flowing
fractious
quarrelsome, unruly
frenetic
vividly excited or active
gratuitous
given freely, unearned, unwarranted
hackneyed
worn out through overuse
heinous
abominable
hortatory
urging, strong encouraging
hypophora
asking a question and answering it
imperative sentence
command
imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
impinge
hinder, interfere with
implication
the act of suggesting or hinting
incorrigible
unable to be reformed
indolent
lazy
induction
reasoning from specific to general
insipid
uninteresting, unchallenging
insolent
insulting in manner or speech
intrepid
courageous, fearless
intuition
sharp insight
inversion
a sentence in which the verb precedes the subject
inveterate
long established, deep rooted
lament
express grief, mourn
laudatory
giving praize
listless
lacking energy
lucid
easily understood, clear
malfeasance
wrongdoing, misconduct
maverick
one who is independent and resists adherence to a group
mediocrity
the quality of being average
metonymy
figurative tool in which one term is substituted for another term with which it is closely associatedd
mollify
to calm or soothe
nascent
coming into existence, emerging
nominalization
turning aver or adjective into a noun
notorious
infamous
novel
striking new or unusual
obdurate
stubborn, flexible
obstinate
adhering to an opinion or course of action
ostentatious
describing a showy or pretentious display
oxymoron
an apparent contradiction of terms
pacing
relative speed or slowness with which a story is presneted
patronizing
treating in a condescneding manner
panegyric
statment of high praise
paradigm
example or model
paradox
a statement that seems contradictory but i acutally ture
paramount
of chief concern
pejorative
describing words or phrases that belittle or speak negatively of someone
penitent
expressiing remorse
periodic sentence
main clasue ends the sentence
permeated
spear of flowing thougout
pernicious
causing great alarm
persona
the speark, voice, or character assumed by the author
pervasive
spread throughout
plausible
seemingly valid or acceptable
poigant
profoundly moving
polemic
argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion
polsyndeton
deliberate use of a series of conjuctions
ponderous
extremely dull
prodigous
enormous
proliferate
grow or increase rapidly
propitious
presenting favorable circumstances
propriety
appropriateness of behavior
prosaic
dull
prudent
exercising good judgement
pugnacious
combative, beligerent
quandary
state of perplexity or uncertainty
querulous
complaining in a petulant or whining manner
rancorous
marked by deep-seated ill will
replete
abundantly supplied, filled to capacity
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
sanction
give official authorization or apporval
sardonic
disdainfully or ironically humorous; bitter or causttic
serene
calm
servile
submising, like a servant
slander
false charges against someone
spurious
not genuine
staid
unemotional, serious
stoic
indifferent to pleasure or pain, impassive
stratagem
clever trick designed to deceive or outwit
subordination
the dependence of one syntactical element on another in a sentence
substantiated
supported with proof or evidence; verified
surreptitiously
done by secretive menas
syllogism
a form of deductive reasoning; a major premise, minor premise, conclusion
synecdoche
form of metonymy where a part signifies the whole
tenacity
persistence
tenuous
having little substance, shaky, unsure, weak
theoretical
lacking practical application
timorous
timid, fearful of the furture
trepidation
apprehension
understatement
lack of emphasis in a statement or point, restraint in language
venerated
highly, respected
vilify
to make vicious statements about
vindacted
freed from blame
wary
on gaurd
whimsical
subject to erratic behavior, unpredicatble
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