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28 terms

Social Psychology Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
Group
two or more people interacting for more than a few moments
co-actors
co-participants working individually on a noncompetitive activity
social facilitation
strengthening of dominant responses in the presence of others
evaluation apprehension
concern for how others evaluate us
social loafing
tendency to exert less energy when people in a group work together, no individual accountability
free riders
people who benefit from the group but give little in return
deindividuation
losing self awareness when in a group
self awareness
self conscious state in which your attention focus is on yourself
group polarization
group produced enhancement of members preexisting tendencies;
social comparison
evaluating ones opinions and abilities by comparing oneself with others
pluralistic ignorance
a false impression of what other people are thinking or feeling or how they respond
groupthink
thinking that people engaged in concurrence seeking groups becomes so dominant in a cohesive group that it tends to override reality
leadership
group members motivating other group members
task leadership
leadership that organizes work,sets standards and focuses on goals
social leadership
leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict and offers support
transformational leadership
leadership that enables vision and inspiration and exerts external influence
positive
Triplett conducted one of social psychology's first laboratory experiments by asking children to wind string on a fishing reel. The results of the study indicated that there was a _______ relationship between the speed at which the children wound the reel and the presence of other children.
pulled less
Ingham (1974) found that when blindfolded participants thought they were pulling a tug of war with other participants, they _______ than when they thought they were pulling alone.
social facilitation effect
_______ refers to the strengthening of dominant responses in the presence of others
social facilitation; social loafing
. When being observed increases evaluation concerns, _______ occurs; when being lost in a crowd decreases evaluation concerns, _______ occurs.
positive
. The relationship between group size and the probability of deindividuation occurring is
administer longer shocks
Zimbardo reported that women who were masked and hooded in KKK-style hoods and robes tended to _______ than women who were visible and wore name tags.
anonymous and in a group
On Halloween night, Diener and her colleagues (1976) conducted a study of trick-or-treat theft at homes scattered throughout the Seattle area. Given a chance to steal candy, the children who were _______ were most likely to commit transgressions.
group polarization
Students who join extracurricular groups on campus tend to find their attitudes regarding the groups' purpose increase if they stay in the group. This is an example of
pluralistic ignorance
A false impression of what most other people are thinking or feeling, or how they are responding is what social psychologists call
isolated from dissenting viewpoints
Julio is a directive leader of a highly cohesive student group on campus. When discussing important policy decisions, the group will be at greatest risk for groupthink if it is also
open-mindedness
Which of the following does NOT strengthen the group minority influence?
task leadership
Martha is excellent at organizing her employees, setting goals, and focusing on achieving those goals for the company. Martha excels in