tendency to exert less energy when people in a group work together, no individual accountability
a false impression of what other people are thinking or feeling or how they respond
thinking that people engaged in concurrence seeking groups becomes so dominant in a cohesive group that it tends to override reality
leadership that enables vision and inspiration and exerts external influence
Triplett conducted one of social psychology's first laboratory experiments by asking children to wind string on a fishing reel. The results of the study indicated that there was a _______ relationship between the speed at which the children wound the reel and the presence of other children.
Ingham (1974) found that when blindfolded participants thought they were pulling a tug of war with other participants, they _______ than when they thought they were pulling alone.
social facilitation effect
_______ refers to the strengthening of dominant responses in the presence of others
social facilitation; social loafing
. When being observed increases evaluation concerns, _______ occurs; when being lost in a crowd decreases evaluation concerns, _______ occurs.
administer longer shocks
Zimbardo reported that women who were masked and hooded in KKK-style hoods and robes tended to _______ than women who were visible and wore name tags.
anonymous and in a group
On Halloween night, Diener and her colleagues (1976) conducted a study of trick-or-treat theft at homes scattered throughout the Seattle area. Given a chance to steal candy, the children who were _______ were most likely to commit transgressions.
Students who join extracurricular groups on campus tend to find their attitudes regarding the groups' purpose increase if they stay in the group. This is an example of
A false impression of what most other people are thinking or feeling, or how they are responding is what social psychologists call
isolated from dissenting viewpoints
Julio is a directive leader of a highly cohesive student group on campus. When discussing important policy decisions, the group will be at greatest risk for groupthink if it is also