41 terms

Literary Devices

Mrs. V
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Allusion
a reference to a LITERARY, MYTHOLOGICAL, or HISTORICAL person, place or thing
Irony
a contrast between appearance and reality - or when one thing is expected to happen and the exact opposite occurs -
Detail
facts revealed by the author or speaker that support the attitude or tone in the work
Suspense
makes the reader uncertain, anxious, or tense about the outcome of events
Motif
a recurring pattern in any work of art
Archetype
something or someone that is the ideal or most well-known example of something
ex. Sherlock Holmes is the archetypical detective
Tone
the writer's attitude toward the subject - can be described by a single adjective
Mood
the feeling created in the reader
Repetition
when words, sounds or phrases are repeated to create emphasis
Paradox
when parts of a statement contradict each other - this may seem impossible or absurd, but turns out to reveal a hidden truth
Oxymoron
a kind of paradox that combines a pair of opposite terms into a single expression
ex. hot ice - jumbo shrimp
Imagery
the words or phrases a writer uses to describe persons, objects, actions, feelings and ideas while appealing to the five senses: smell, tough, sound, sight and taste
Symbol
an object, person, place or action that "stands for" or represents something else
Foreshadowing
the use of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur
Epiphany
when something is suddenly understood in a new way - a sudden realization - an "aha" moment
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told, such as 1st person, 3 rd person, etc.
Figures of Speech
an expression, such as a metaphor or similie, that is used to add interest to a comment and is not to be taken literally
Simile
a comparison of two unlike things or ideas using the word LIKE or AS
Personification
gives human characteristics to an object or idea
Pun
a play on words that sounds the same but have very different meanings
ex. Parking Warning; Violators will be towed...and Merlin the Magician's version: Violators will be Toad
Idiom
an accepted phrase or expression having a meaning different from the literal meaning
Hyperbole
a deliberate, outrageous exaggeration
ex. my homework takes forever
Metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things or ideas WITHOUT using the word like or as
Setting
the time and place of the story
Characterization
The methods an author uses to create a character, including
- physical appearance
- speech, thoughts, actions, and/or feelings
- OTHER characters' speech, thoughts, actions and/or feelings about the character
- direct comments by the author about the character
Protagonist
the central character of the novel or story
Dynamic Character
a character who changes in action or belief during the course of the story
Antagonist
the character, idea, or force that opposes the protagonist
Static Character
a character who does not change during the course of the story
Motivation
the reason behind a character's thoughts, feelings, actions, or behavior
Denotation
the specific dicitionary definition of a word
Connotation
the emotional connection we have with a word when we see, hear, or read it

The connotation may be NEUTRAL POSITIVE or NEGATIVE
Diction
An author carefully chooses words to create a specific emotional response or effect
Plot
The sequence of events or actions in a short story, novel, play or narrative poem
Exposition
the author reveals the ....
setting - time and place
relationships among the characters
situation as it is before the conflict is established
Conflict (Inciting Incident)
a struggle between two opposing characters or forces.
External - between a character and an outside force
Internal - beteween desires or emotions within a person, such as fear or loneliness
Rising Action
the sequence of events that occurs between the onset of conflict and the climax
Climax
the most intense part of the story when our anxiety is relieved, or our curiousity is satisfied
Falling Action
events that occur after the climax and before the resolution of the story
Denouement (Resolution)
the conclusion of the story when the conflict is "unraveled" (denouement) and the outcome is clear to the reader
Order of the story
Exposition>Conflict (Inciting Incident)>Rising Action>Climax>Falling Action>Denouement (resolution)