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exam 3 take home points
Terms in this set (40)
conformity studies, line study, people will most likely conform to choose the wrong answer because they don't want to be different
Found that obedience to authority is a powerful motivator and that the participants were more than willing to increase the shock level after a certain point
Stanford Prison Experiment
study conducted to investigate the effects of becoming a prisoner or prison guard and role playing
How do groups become polarized? What are the consequences for prejudice?
They go from many shared views to no shared views.
It can lead to discrimination.
Social psychology studies the _________ of the situation
The Fundamental Attribution Error is our tendency to describe other's behaviors as a function of their ____________ instead of the _____________ judging someone fat as lazy even if they have a impairing condition.
dispositional (internal) factors
situational (external) factors
Describe the foot in the door phenomenon and how it is related to Milgrim's study on obedience to authority.
Tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request (communism)
Ex: No one will electrocute someone at full blast but if they do it gradually, they will go all the way once they reach 150. Same with boiling a frog in water.
According to _______ _____ ______ when our actions and attitudes are misaligned we are more likely to change our ________ than our ________
cognitive dissonance theory
When I yawn, you yawn is an example of _______ _______ also known as the ______ _____
The combination of ________ and _________ (or deindividuation) can lead individuals to act out towards others in more violent or aggressive ways
Prejudice is an _________; Discrimination is an _______
Not supporting interracial marriage is a form of ________; sitting further away from an outgroup member on a bus is a ____________
Implicit Prejudice: Unconscious patronization
giving African American name better score because they thought they needed it (Jamal)
Implicit Prejudice: Ingroup bias
if outgroup chimp touches ingroup chimp, he will wipe it off in disgust
The idea that familiarity breeds liking; such with the image of ourselves in the mirror is known as the __________
mere exposure effect
The decreased likelihood to help an individual in need as the number of potential helpers' increases is known as the __________
Know the 3 theories about the norms of helping
Reciprocity norm- I help someone and the favor will be returned
Social exchange theory- only help if you are benefited
Social responsibility norm- you help because it is moral
A psychological disorder is defined as a _______ in an individual's _________, __________, regulation, or ________.
syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance
Two key factors to determine 'clinically significant' are if the symptoms ________ an individual's daily life or if they cause harm or _____ for the individual or others.
According to the medical model psychological disorders have ______ that can be _______, ________, and in most cases, cured.
a biological basis
What are the goals of disorder classification?
Describe, predict, suggest, prompt
How can labels influence perceptions of individuals suffering from a mental illness?
You are quick to judge.
It is estimated that 1 in _____ American's suffer from a diagnosable mental
________ is the tendency to believe we are experiencing the symptoms of a disease or illness we are studying
Generalized Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders that are not precipitated by any obvious event
recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly or unexpectedly
A group of anxiety disorders involving a pathological fear of a specific object or situation
Know the differences between major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder
major- 5+ symptoms last 2+ weeks
persistent- 5+ symptoms last 2+ years
Suicide is the ________ leading cause of death amongst high school and college aged students
Schizophrenia is characterized by three different categories of symptoms. ________ symptoms would include auditory hallucinations, __________ symptoms would include disorganized speech, and _________ symptoms would include blunted affect.
Be familiar with the definition of Anti-Social Personality Disorder including brain differences for individuals with APD
They lack frontal lobe tissue. Starts around age 8. They lack a moral conscience and emotion. Serial killers
_________ involves psychological techniques derived from psychological perspective while _________ involves treatment with medical procedures
Humanistic or client‐centered therapies use ________ listening techniques including echoing thoughts, inviting clarification and reflecting feelings
How do behavioral therapists use classical conditioning and operant conditioning techniques?
pee pad alarm
pill in alcohol to make people feel sick = no drinking
Cognitive therapies seek to implement new, more _________ ways of ________
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy seeks to address both unhealthy patterns of _______ and also to establish new ________
What are the three basic benefits of all psychotherapies?
The compatibility between a client and a therapist, often referred to as a ___________ emphasizes the importance of _______ over _______
profession (patient/therapist relationship)
List the three alternative biomedical therapies discussed in class
Electroconvulsive shock therapy
Deep brain stimulation
Repetitive trans cranial magnetic stimulation
What are the components of lifestyle change that have been shown to reduce experiences with depression?
Anti-rumination replacing negative thoughts with positive thoughts
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