Unit 3 - Latin America Vocabulary
Terms in this set (71)
Parallel chains on ranges of mountains.
Spanish for 'high plain' a region in peru and bolivia encircled by the Andes Peaks.
Steep cliff or slope between a higher and lower point
fertile plains in inland areas of Columbia and Venezuela.
Grassy, treeless plains of southern South America.
A cowboy of the South American Pampas.
Electrical energy generated by falling water.
An area where the tide meets a river current
Top layer of a rain forest where the tops of tall trees form a continuous layer of leaves.
the highest elevation zone of the andes, permanently covered with snow
Spanish term for "hot land"; the lowest altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates
Spanish term for "temperate land"; the middle altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates
Spanish term for "cold land"; the highest altitude zone of Latin American highlands climates
local form of a language used in a particular place or by a certain group
Dialects that blend indigenous, European, African, and Asian languages
Movement of people from rural areas to cities
City with more than 10 million people
a city that dominates a country's economy, culture,and government and in which populations is concentrated; usually the capital
Picture writing carved in stone
floating farming islands made by the Aztec
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep financial records
Spanish term for conquerer. Soldiers who conquered Native Americans in Latin America.
Representative of the Spanish Monarch, appointed to enforce laws in colonial Latin America.
Latin American political leaders from the late 1800's or often a military dictator.
A blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into one faith.
A painting on a wall
A picture or design made from chips of colored stone,glass, shell or tile.
Household made up of several generations: aunts, uncles, grandparents, as well as parents & children
Faulty or inadequate diet
Spanish term for soccer
traditional handball-type game popular with Mexicans and Cubans
Commodities sent from one country to another for purpose of trade
farm workers; generally, people who live and work in rural areas
In Latin America, large agricultural estates owned by families or corporations.
In Latin America, small farms that produce food chiefly for family use
Farm crop grown to be sold or traded rather than used by the farmers family.
Country in the process of becoming industrialized.
Business that provides service instead of making goods.
In Mexico, manufacturing plants set up by foreign firms.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Trade agreement made in 1994 by Canada, the United States and Mexico.
Development that meets the needs of people today without limiting the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
The loss or destruction of forests.
Slash and Burn
A farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
The planting of young trees or the seeds of trees on the land that has been destroyed.
Make-shift communities on the edge of cities.
Dense forest rich in biodiversity. Found in typical tropical areas
A mountain or hill, having a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments hot vapor, and gas are or have been erupted from the earth's crust.
A permeable layer of rock and sediment that contains groundwater.
Process of removing salt from salt water
Standards of Living
The degree of wealth in a community
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
Large scale production of crops for sale
A farming technique that leaves land unplanted every few years in order to gather moisture
Carving small, flat plots of land from hillsides to use for farming.
The process of removing all of the trees from an area of land.
Any change of fertile land into desert
extreme and dangerous weather that causes a lot of damage
A huge storm that forms over warm ocean water; with strong winds and heavy rains
A long high wave caused by an earthquake
A periodic change in the pattern of ocean currents and water temperature in the mid-pacific region
An overflowing of a large amount of water beyond its normal confines, esp. over what is normally dry land
An increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
Rain that contains more acid than normal.
Natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere by carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and other gases.
A combination of smoke and fog.
Excessive richness of nutrients in a lake or other body of water, frequently due to runoff from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life and death of animal life from lack of oxygen
radioactive waste material produced by nuclear power plants
A resource that can be replaced or used again and again
a resource that cannot be replaced
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustainable development of ecologically unique areas
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