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30 terms

health

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one pound of fat is how many calories?
3500
underfat is how much percent for females?
less than %12
overfat is how much percent for ad. females?
over 25%
obese is how much percent for females?
over 30%
psychiatric in nature, food is the mechanism not the problem
eating disorder
overfat is how much for ad. males?
over 20%
obese is how much for males?
over 25%
av. % body fat for adolescent females
12% to 24%
the portion of your body made up of bones, muscles, organs, everything except fat
lean body weight
minimum fat necessary in the body
essential fat
exceeding an ideal weight
overweight
20% or more above optimal weight for body shape, size
obese
body type
somatype
slender, leaner somatype
ectomorph
heavier, rounder somatype
endomorph
muscular somatype
mesomorph
potential stressors
activators
effects of a reaction to stress
consequences
physiological changes associated with stress
stress response
stress resulting from pleasant stressors
eustress
stress resulting from unpleasants stressors
distress
which systems do stressful experiences stimulate?
nervous and endocrine
survival mode
fight-or-flight response
: a division of the autonomic nervous system that reacts to danger or challenges by almost instantly putting the body in high gear.
sympathetic nervous system
a division of the autonomic nervous system that tones down the excitatory effects of the sympathetic nervous system; slows metabolism and restores energy reserves.
parasympathetic nervous system
a steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal gland, increases blood glucose.
cortisol
: a part of the brain that activates, controls, and integrates the autonomic nervous system, the endocrine system, and other bodily functions.
hypothalamus
the special group of nerves that automatically control some of the body's organs and their functions, these nerves connect the physiological control centers of the brain with virtually all of the body's tissues and organs.
autonomic nervous system
general adaptation syndrome three steps?
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
a hormone secreted by the adrenal gland, also called adrenaline increases heart rate, activates muscles.
epinephrine