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ENGR 131 Exam 2
Terms in this set (40)
three or more individuals who work together to achieve a common group goal
Engineers work in diverse teams
Diverse teams help engineers become more effective and come up with more solutions. This allows designers to pool more life experiences and more though processes for the group to work with coming up with more and more ideas
Code of Cooperation
A Code of Cooperation establishes norms for the team to obey and know how the tea is going to function prior to a situation
List the team roles
Coordinator- makes times and locations of meetings
Recorder- records what is said and due in meetings
Timekeeper- keeps team on track
Gatekeeper- makes sure everyone contributes
Devil's Advocate- provokes debate to test the strength of the arguments and opinions.
Describe strategies for working with diverse teammates
1. Expect and respect differences
2. Be aware of stereotypes
3. Emphasis on communication
4. Articulate expectations
5. Find common grounds—focus on similarities
Process of design
Problem Statement-> Problem Scoping -> Concept Generation -> Concept Selection -> Refining Final Solution -> Evaluation of Solution -> Communicate Final Solution
Examining nature and its models, systems, processes, and elements for inspiration for design or solving human problems.
Something that limits how a problem can be solved. It is a criterion that must be met.
A criterion is a standard of judgment, or a rule or principle for evaluating something.
"Are there resources available or is there a market for it?"
Criteria that have do with whether or not there is a market for the design; what is likely to become part of an enduring business model.
"Does it address a real need?"
What people want, what people need; what makes sense to people and for people
"Can you make it work?"
Criteria that have to do with whether it is possible to accomplish the design or what is technically or functionally possible in the foreseeable future.
information or ideas that are available to the public in any form; the work that has been done before you begin your project/work/patent. This can include prior patents and existing similar or related products.
a physical model of something that you are designing, Prototypes help you to communicate design ideas; explore different design options.
The people who have a "stake" in the project or organization; all of the people who will be impacted or affected by the project/organization.
the term "target audience" is generally used to indicate the person you anticipate will read your report or listen to your presentation.
does it address a real need? What people want; what people need; what makes sense to people and for people
can you make it work consistently? Criteria that have to do with if it is possible to accomplish the design; function possible in the foreseeable future
are resources available/ sustainable? Is there a market? What is likely to become part of a sustainable business
5. Time Constraint
List and apply steps of ethical decision-making
1.Determine the issues & stakeholders who might be affected
2.Consider the effects of alternative courses of action from different perspectives (consequences, intent, character)
3.Correlate perspectives (converge)
4.Act (what would it take to implement)
Using resources in a way that does not impair the ability of future generations to lie with a similar quality of life
resource depletion, ecosystem impairment, and exceedance of pollution assimilation abilities;
solution= use less, recycle, develop alternatives, increase efficiency of use
Describe at least two motivations for including sustainability in engineering
renewing the environment and not exhausting the earth's natural resources; meeting the triple bottom line vs. the traditional bottom line
measurement and estimation of the impact of a person, object, or process
design methodology based on a cyclic process of prototyping, testing, analyzing, and refining a product or process.
Title of the article
Title of the periodical
Purpose of the model or designed item, or what the model or designed item will do.
Iteration is the process of repeating a process, or different steps or phases of the process, to improve a design or solution.
Idea Generating Strategies
Brainstorming, looking at prior art, observing nature (bio-mimicry), impromptu prototyping, and creating morphological charts.
An activity that initially occurs early in a design process. In problem scoping, designers attempt to understand the context of the problem and determine boundaries for the
problem—what aspect of the problem they will focus on.
During problem scoping, stakeholders (and their needs), direct users (and their needs), goals, criteria, and constraints are identified.
A process for evaluating possible design solutions to identify a small number of options that are worth considering further.
A process for evaluating a small number of possible design solutions to identify the option that best addresses the goals of the design problem. One tool that we use for concept selection is a weighted decision matrix.
Problem Statement, Needfinding, Problem Scoping, Concept Generation, Concept Reduction, Concept Selection, Refining of Solution, Evaluation of Solution, Communicate Final Solution
Criteria should be...
Clear, Measurable and
Should Distinguish Options
Goals should be...
Clear and Measurable
The compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs, and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its entire lifetime1, including material extraction, material transportation, production, transportation of the finished product, use of the product, and disposal/recycling/reuse of the product.
Looking for underlying requirements that people have (something that is missing, wrong, or unfulfilled).
Possessing skills and abilities that allow you to work effectively with people who define and solve problems differently.
Characteristics of a global competent engineer
1.) Can appreciate other cultures
2.) Is proficient working in or directing a team of diversity
3.) Is able to communicate across cultures
4.) Has had a chance to practice engineering in a global context.
5.) Can effectively deal with ethical issues arising from cultural or national differences.
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