How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

42 terms

Apologia Human Anatomy and Physiology-Lesson 2

Lesson 2
STUDY
PLAY
Yellow Bone Marrow
This is the kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored.
Calcium
A mineral stored in your bones that helps keep your heart beating and your brain thinking. It also makes your bones strong.
Red Bone Marrow
This is the kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made.
Osteoporosis
A disease that results in weak bones with lots of tiny holes in them.
Cartilage
A firm but resilient material in the body and on the ends of bones that absorbs shock well and keeps the bones from getting hurt when they rub against one another.
Osteoclasts
The bone cells that eat away at the spongy layer, causing your bones to get wider.
Rickets
A disease that causes weak and misformed bones. People can get this disease when they do not get enough vitamin D.
Fused
This is what occurs when two smaller bones are joined together to form one bone.
Skeletal System
The bony supportive structure within the human body.
Collagen
The tough fiber that makes up part of the bone.
Rib Cage
The bones that protect your heart and lungs.
Spongy bone
The layer of bone under the compact bone. It is a network of pores and tunnells interconnected in a pattern that makes the bone strong yet resilient.
Cranium
The bones of your skull that protect your brain.
Sutures
Joints that do not move.
Callus
A bulge that occurs in a broken bone while it is healing.
Malnutrition
When a person doesn't get enough of the right kinds of nutrients.
Vitamin D
Your body needs _____ to make strong bones. Your body makes this when it is exposed to the sun.
Osteoblasts
The cells that make new bones.
Lipids
Fats that are stored in your bones, as well as elsewhere in your body.
Periosteum
The outside layer of a bone: a thin, tough membrane.
Remodeling
What scientists call it when the body breaks down old bone and rebuilds new bone.
Skull
The group of bones that make up your head.
Synovial Fluid
Fluid that allows the joints to move more easily.
Femur
The longest bone in the body-the thigh bone.
Ligaments
The tissues that connect one bone to another bone.
Carpals
Wrist bones
Clavicle
Collarbone
Vertabra
Located along the spine in the back
Coccyx
Tailbone
Fibula
The outer and thinner of the two bones of the lower leg.
Fingers and toes
Phalanges
Humerus
Bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow, upper arm bone.
Mandible
Jawbone
Metatarsals
Foot bones
Metacarpals
Hand bones
Patella
Knee cap
Radius
Smaller of the two lower arm bones, thumb side
Scapula
Shoulder Blade
Sternum
Breastbone
Tarsals
Ankle bones
Tibia
The inner and thicker of the two bones of the lower leg.
Ulna
Larger of two lower arm bones;pinky side.